Download
who s at my door and why should i let you in n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Who's at my door and why should I let you in? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Who's at my door and why should I let you in?

Who's at my door and why should I let you in?

136 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Who's at my door and why should I let you in?

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Who's at my door and why should I let you in? Challenges and strategies to forming relationships with difficult to reach kids Gary Direnfeld, MSW, RSW www.yoursocialworker.com www.yoursocialworker.com

  2. The Four Spheres of a Child’s Life Biology Family CHILD Society Psychology www.yoursocialworker.com

  3. Hardwired Genetics Biology Pre-natal care Environmental toxins www.yoursocialworker.com

  4. Hardwired and Softwired Temperament Personality Intelligence Cognitive activity Psychology Behaviour Mood - Affect Self-Esteem www.yoursocialworker.com

  5. Within or Beyond One’s Control? Community School Friends Society Extracurricular activities Religion Internet www.yoursocialworker.com

  6. Where Life is First Learned Intact Blended Single parent Adopted Step Family Rules, routines Conflict management Emotional expression Nurturance www.yoursocialworker.com

  7. Psychosocial development • Our progress through each stage of development is in part determined by our success, or lack of success, in all the previous stages. Eric Erikson and the epigenetic principle. www.yoursocialworker.com

  8. We evolve through social interaction • Socialization imprints on personality and our personality impacts on others. Their reaction to our personality then determines our socialization… and so on. www.yoursocialworker.com

  9. Walk a mile in their shoes… Formative experiences teach us how to interact with the world. www.yoursocialworker.com

  10. We are determined by our formative experiences I thought the whole world was just like me, until we moved away.. Then I learned I was different. www.yoursocialworker.com

  11. 0 – 1 year old What’s Going on Developmentally? The time of attachment www.yoursocialworker.com

  12. 2 – 4 Year Olds What’s Going on Developmentally? Rapprochement – the time to venture forth… www.yoursocialworker.com

  13. 5 – 12 Year Olds What’s Going on Developmentally? Cognitive explosion and moral development www.yoursocialworker.com

  14. Teen Boys and Girls What’s Going on Developmentally? Social rapprochement and developing of intimate relationships www.yoursocialworker.com

  15. Harmful Events • Neglect • Emotional abuse • Psychological abuse • Physical abuse • Sexual abuse • Intra-familial vs. Extra-familial • Witnessing domestic violence • Loss www.yoursocialworker.com

  16. Harmful Events Affect Behaviour • Behavioral, social, and emotional problems • higher levels of aggression, anger, hostility, oppositional behavior, and disobedience; fear, anxiety, withdrawal, and depression; poor peer, sibling, and social relationships; low self-esteem. www.yoursocialworker.com

  17. It hurts them… • Cognitive and attitudinal problems • lower cognitive functioning, poor school performance, lack of conflict resolution skills, limited problem-solving skills, acceptance of violent behaviors and attitudes, belief in rigid gender stereotypes and male privilege. www.yoursocialworker.com

  18. …and can last a lifetime. • Long-term problems • During childhood, harmful events can disrupt the child’s ability to form meaningful attachments. This in turn affects relationships with others who may be poised to help. • Higher levels of adult depression and trauma symptoms, increased tolerance for and use of violence in adult relationships www.yoursocialworker.com

  19. Signs of Disturbance Anxiety and Depression A feeling associated with fear or dread for an negatively anticipated outcome. A feeling associated with a of loss. The loss can be tangible or psychological. www.yoursocialworker.com

  20. Signs of Disturbance • Missed school or poor school performance • Changes in eating and sleeping habits • Withdrawal from friends and activities once enjoyed • Persistent sadness and hopelessness • Problems with authority • Indecision, lack of concentration or forgetfulness • Poor self-esteem or guilt • Overreaction to criticism • Frequent physical complaints, such as headaches and stomachaches • Anger and rage • Lack of enthusiasm, low energy or motivation • Drug and/or alcohol abuse • Thoughts of death or suicide www.yoursocialworker.com

  21. Signs of Disturbance Other issues affecting behaviour: • ADD/ADHD • Learning differences • Language and auditory processing disorders • Attachment difficulties www.yoursocialworker.com

  22. The World of the Parent(s) • Perhaps the same as for the child • Domestic violence? • Drug/Alcohol dependency • Depression / Anxiety • Poor self esteem • Guilt? Jealousy? Fear? • Immigration issues if from another country • Custody/access issues • Money www.yoursocialworker.com

  23. Worker Characteristics • Motivation • School requirement – volunteer hours • Righting a personal past wrong • Altruism / charity / good deed www.yoursocialworker.com

  24. Take one part child, one part parent and one part worker… Blend. There is AWAYS more than just you and the child involved in EVERY meeting or interaction: • Child and their history and world • Parent(s) and their history and world • Mentor and their history and world • Agency with rules, expectations and responsibilities www.yoursocialworker.com

  25. Rules, Expectations and Responsibilities • Confidentiality • Child protection • Reports • …and? www.yoursocialworker.com

  26. RESPECT • Polite expressions of consideration or deference • Willingness to show consideration or appreciation • To avoid violation of or interference with www.yoursocialworker.com

  27. Support without interfering - boundaries • Active listening • Reflecting the message • Avoidance of Argument • Avoidance of Control • Unconditional positive regard • Willingness for another to be separate Carl Rogers – The Person-Centred Relationship www.yoursocialworker.com

  28. Structure/Routine • Check in with parent before and after • Check in with child – tune in – before and after • Have a regular format - a beginning and an end www.yoursocialworker.com

  29. Pace • Rapport is a byproduct of relationship building over time • The turtle vs. the hare • The goal is the relationship – not the fun. • Fun is a tool for building the relationship, not an end in itself! www.yoursocialworker.com

  30. Beginnings • There is no reason to expect trust • Trust is earned over time • Trust is built as a byproduct of decency, manners, appropriate behaviour and BEING ON TIME – EVERYTIME. • Trust is also a function of permission – approval from the parent for the child’s activity! www.yoursocialworker.com

  31. Endings • May mirror past losses • May seek to avoid with poor behaviour • Is best when by mutual consent • Transition vs. loss www.yoursocialworker.com

  32. Managing Behaviour How you respond will determine what you get back. Here’s how it all works… www.yoursocialworker.com

  33. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE The story of the two dogs… The dog that wins is the one your feed. Which dog do you feed? www.yoursocialworker.com

  34. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE Set Up For Success Always have children's attention when talking and give them all the information necessary to do what is expected, appropriate to their level of understanding. www.yoursocialworker.com

  35. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE The Power Of Feedback Provide the right information so children know what you want. Provide feedback to let children know they are on the right track to help the desired behaviour get repeated. www.yoursocialworker.com

  36. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE Key Ingredients to Self Esteem • Valuing • Competency • Structure. • Doing good deeds www.yoursocialworker.com

  37. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE Praise And Self Esteem Praise is necessary but not sufficient. To facilitate healthy self-esteem provide generous amounts of valuing, opportunities to develop competency, opportunities for doing good deeds, and structure. www.yoursocialworker.com

  38. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE Negotiating Negotiating offers a process where both sides can come away winners. Sometimes parents have to remember to let go a little. www.yoursocialworker.com

  39. RAISING KIDS WITHOUTRAISING CANE You are always on! Be aware of how you are interacting while in the company of children. Children are more aware than we sometimes realize. Children will always learn more from what we do than what we say. We call this… Role Modelling. www.yoursocialworker.com

  40. Who's at my door and why should I let you in? I am at your door and I am here to be your mentor –a partner in your development. I will respect our differences, work to gain your trust and through activities and our time together, present myself as a positive role model. www.yoursocialworker.com

  41. Who's at my door and why should I let you in? Challenges and strategies to forming relationships with difficult to reach kids Gary Direnfeld, MSW, RSW www.yoursocialworker.com www.yoursocialworker.com