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SPYWARE PowerPoint Presentation

SPYWARE

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SPYWARE

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  1. SPYWARE Presented by The State Security Office November 17, 2004

  2. We Have Viruses, Worms, Spam • Virus – code inside existing program • Worm – independent code that spreads • Spam – message broadcast to many email addresses

  3. So What’s Spyware? • Technology • Gains information about user . . .without their knowledge • Benefits other party, not user

  4. Track Browsing Steal Identity Corrupt Data Create Profiles Slow the Computer Slow the Network Change Homepage Modify Hosts File Download Malware Modify Registry Change Settings Hijack Computer Leak Information Violate HIPPA Spyware Can . . .

  5. Good Cookie Not all Information Gathering is Bad! • Retains sign-on through session • Holds a shopping cart • Allows purchases • Gets correct delivery address • Holds the user’s place

  6. Bad Cookie Some Information Gathering is Very Bad • Gets more than you intend to give • Holds it longer than you want • Shares it with others

  7. Kinds of Spyware • Adware – • Annoyance or • Serious problem • System Monitors – • Monitors activity • Reports to others • Trojan Horses • Innocent looking program • Causes harm

  8. $pyware Why do we have Spyware infections? $$$$ MONEY $$$$$ “I’m your bank,give me your account number . . .” “Okay, it’s 4323409857. . . anything else you want?”

  9. $$ Motivation $$ • Target advertising • Aggressive advertising • Advertisers pay to piggyback • Sell bogus products • Credit cards, passwords, account numbers • Get private business information • Extortion

  10. How? People Open Doors . . . F for User Awareness . . . • Fall for ploys (phishing) • Fail to keep software updated • Fail to keep security settings reasonable • Fail to use spyware protection

  11. Doors Users Open #1 is P2P File Sharing • Software vulnerabilities • Weak privacy settings • Intentional downloads • Bad Internet neighborhoods • End User License Agreements • Clicking on pop-up advertisements • Phishing

  12. Sneaky Ways In • Cookies • Unintentional downloads • Drive-by downloads • Piggybacking on legitimate downloads • Disguised anti-spyware • Disguised anti-porn • Associated with trusted products

  13. Prevention People Tools Policy

  14. People • Awareness • Reactions to social engineering ploys • Don’t click on links in pop-ups • Don’t believe spam reports • Extreme caution when loading software • Know how to recognize problems • Know how to use the tools • Understand the policies

  15. Tools • Choose good software tools • Keep the products updated • Use them regularly • Know about good resources • Take advantage of the P3P standard

  16. Policy • Product updates • Restrict or forbid dangerous practices • P2P file sharing • Public instant messaging • Unapproved software installation • Use appropriate settings • Consider notebook and home systems • Report problems promptly

  17. Legislation • State and Federal • Much is already illegal • Legislation may not help much

  18. Use good tools Inoculate Update weekly Scan weekly Detection Symptoms: Slow computer, lots of pop-ups,browser hijacking

  19. Removal Remove bad files Remove copies of files! Reverse host file changes Reverse browser changes Reverse registry settings Good tools and/or Experienced Help

  20. Resources • The State Security Office • http://www.cio.arkansas.gov/security • Spyware Warrior • http://www.spywarewarrior.com • Spybot Search and Destroy • http://spybot.safer-networking.de/en • Ad-Aware • http://www.lavasoft.de

  21. Ad-Aware Can I use Ad-Aware Personal (free) version at work? No, Ad-Aware Personal is free for individual use only. For profit business entities, governmental entities, or educational institutions, must purchase a valid end-user license in order to use the software. Lavasoft FAQ, http://www.lavasoft.de/, November 16, 2004

  22. Spyware Warriors Real Spyware . . . Real Spyware Warriors . . . Their Stories Tim Stoddard, UALR Sky Brower, PC Assistance