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Forestry ID - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Forestry ID. 1 st 5. ID Test 1. Eastern White Pine- Pinus strobus Loblolly Pine- Pinus taeda Longleaf Pine- Pinus palustris Shortleaf Pine- Pinus echinata Virginia Pine - Pinus virginiana. Eastern White Pine-Pinus strobus. 5 needles per fascicle Curved cone Handles snow

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id test 1
ID Test 1
  • Eastern White Pine-Pinusstrobus
  • Loblolly Pine-Pinustaeda
  • Longleaf Pine-Pinuspalustris
  • Shortleaf Pine-Pinusechinata
  • Virginia Pine- Pinusvirginiana
eastern white pine pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine-Pinus strobus
  • 5 needles per fascicle
  • Curved cone
  • Handles snow
  • Doesn’t like wet soil
  • Grows up to 100ft
eastern white pine pinus strobus1
Eastern White Pine-Pinus strobus
  • Cone is up to 8 inches
loblolly pine pinus taeda
Loblolly Pine-Pinus taeda
  • 3 needles per fascicle
  • Needles 4-8 inches long
  • Ridged bark
  • Grows up to 100ft
loblolly pine pinus taeda1
Loblolly Pine-Pinus taeda
  • 3 needles per fascicle
  • Needles 4-8 inches long
longleaf pine pinus palustris
Longleaf PinePinuspalustris
  • Very long needles
  • 3 needles per fascicle
shortleaf pine pinus echinata
Shortleaf Pine-Pinus echinata
  • -2-3 needles per fascicle, not twisted
  • Echinata- meaning spiny cone
  • “Platey like” bark
shortleaf pine pinus echinata1
Shortleaf Pine-Pinus echinata
  • 2-3 needles per fascicle, not twisted
  • Echinata- meaning spiny cone
  • “Platey like” bark
virginia pine pinus virginiana
Virginia Pine-Pinus virginiana
  • short (4–8 cm) yellow-green needles
  • 2 per fascicle and TWISTED!
id test 2
ID Test 2
  • Pitch Pine- Pinusrigida
  • Slash Pine-Pinuselliotii
  • Eastern Hemlock- Tsugacanadensis
  • Eastern Redcedar- Juniperusvirginiana
  • Leyland Cypress- Cupressocyparis x leylandii
pitch pine pinus rigida
Pitch Pine-Pinus rigida
  • Long needles grows in bundles of 3
  • Needles 3-5 inches long
  • Needles often twisted
  • Cone are egg-shaped and armed with curved spines
pitch pine pinus rigida1
Pitch Pine-Pinus rigida
  • Cone scales have stiff, curved spines
  • Bark is rich with resign
slash pine pinus elliottii
Slash Pine- Pinuselliottii
  • Rapid Growth Rate
  • 2-3 needles per fascicle
  • 59–98 ft
  • Glossy brown bud
  • Grows well in sandy soils
eastern hemlock tsuga canadensis
Eastern Hemlock-Tsuga canadensis
  • Needles grow from 2 sides
  • Needles are flat but doesn’t branch in a flat plane
  • Tip of tree usually droops
  • Tiny little cones at the ends- ½”
  • Lacy texture
eastern hemlock tsuga canadensis1
Eastern Hemlock-Tsuga Canadensis
  • Tiny little cones at the ends- ½”
  • Lacy texture
eastern redcedar juniperus virginiana
Eastern Redcedar-Juniperusvirginiana
  • Branchlets are covered with overlapping scale like leaves
  • Fruit is a blue berry
leyland cypress cupressocyparis x leylandii
Leyland Cypress-Cupressocyparis x leylandii
  • Branchlets in one plane-flat
  • Narrow cone
id test 3
ID Test 3
  • Pond Pine- Pinusserotina
  • Spruce Pine- Pinusglabra
  • Southern Magnolia- Magnolia grandiflora
  • Baldcypress-Taxodiumdistichum
  • American Holly- Ilex opaca
pond pine pinus serotina
Pond Pine- Pinus serotina
  • Grow needles directly from the trunk in mats
  • 3 needles per fascicle
  • Needles 6-8 inches long
  • Cones are egg-shaped
pond pine pinus serotina1
Pond Pine- Pinus serotina
  • Its cones are serotinous and require fire to open
  • Serotinous-seed release occurs in response to an environmental trigger
spruce pine pinus glabra
Spruce Pine- Pinus glabra
  • 2-3 needles per fascicle (mainly 2)
  • Needles 1.5-3 inches long and dark green
  • Small, slender cones are 1.5-2.5 inches long
southern magnolia magnolia grandiflora
Southern Magnolia- Magnolia grandiflora
  • Leaves 5-10 inches long, 2-3 inches wide
  • Glossy large leaf
baldcypress taxodium distichum
Baldcypress- Taxodium distichum
  • Flaring trunk
  • Leaves are flattened and feathery
  • Needles .5-.75 inches long
  • The cones are globose, 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.4 in) diameter, with 10-25 scales
baldcypress taxodium distichum1
Baldcypress- Taxodium distichum
  • Protruding root ‘Knees’ help support the plant in swamps
american holly ilex opaca
American Holly- Ilex opaca
  • 3-5 spines on each side
  • Seen in wild as an understory plant
  • Leaves 2-4 inches long
word bank for id 3
Word Bank For ID #3
  • Eastern White Pine-Pinusstrobus
  • Loblolly Pine-Pinustaeda
  • Slash Pine Pinuselliotii
  • Longleaf Pine-Pinuspulustrus
  • Shortleaf Pine-Pinusechinata
  • Virginia Pine- Pinusvirginiana
  • Pitch Pine- Pinusrigida
  • Eastern Hemlock- Tsugacanadensis
  • Eastern Redcedar- Juniperusvirginiana
  • Leyland Cypress- Cupressocyparis x leylandii
  • Pond Pine- Pinusserotina
  • Spruce Pine- Pinusglabra
  • Southern Magnolia- Magnoiagrandiflora
  • Baldcypress-Taxodiumdistichum
  • American Holly- Ilex Opaca
id test 4
ID Test 4
  • Boxelder- Acer negundo
  • Eastern Redbud- Cercis canadensis
  • American Beech- Fagus grandifolia
  • American Elm- Ulmus americana
  • Sweetgum- Liquidambar styraciflua
boxelder acer negundo
Boxelder- Acer negundo
  • Compound leaves are opposite on the twig
  • Leaves 5-8 inches long
  • 3-5 pointed leaflets
  • Twigs shiny and green s
  • Coarsely toothed
eastern redbud cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud- Cerciscanadensis
  • Cordate leaves
  • Leaves 3-5 inches long
  • Fruit is a flat pod 2.5-3.5 inches long
  • Purpleish red flower in early spring
  • Zig-zag growth habits
american beech fagus grandifolia
American Beech- Fagusgrandifolia
  • Leaves 2.5-5 inches long
  • 11-14 vein pairs that oppose one another
  • Serrations at each vein
  • Fusiform buds-large
american elm ulmus americana
American Elm- Ulmus americana
  • 4-6 inch leaves
  • Doubly serrated
  • Parallel veins
  • Lopsided or uneven at base
sweetgum liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum- Liquidambar styraciflua
  • 5-7 lobes/points
  • Leaves 4-6 inches wide
  • Winged stems/growths
  • Finely serrated
  • Sweetgum balls
word bank for id 4
Word Bank For ID #4
  • Slash Pine- Pinuselliotii
  • Pitch Pine- Pinusrigida
  • Eastern Hemlock- Tsugacanadensis
  • Eastern Redcedar- Juniperusvirginiana
  • Leyland Cypress- Cupressocyparis x leylandii
  • Pond Pine- Pinusserotina
  • Spruce Pine- Pinusglabra
  • Southern Magnolia- Magnoiagrandiflora
  • Baldcypress-Taxodiumdistichum
  • American Holly- Ilex opaca
  • Boxelder- Acer negundo
  • Eastern Redbud- Cerciscanadensis
  • American Beech- Fagusgrandifolia
  • American Elm- Ulmusamericana
  • Sweetgum- Liquidambar styraciflua