Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Annual Blood Borne Pathogen Training (Healthcare & Research version). Environmental Health & Safety Department Jay Abbt Daron White. Annual update for PVAMU employees with potential exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM ).
Environmental Health & Safety Department
Annual update for PVAMU employees with potential exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)
The following program meets the training requirements set forth by the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.
Goal: eliminate or minimize occupational exposure to Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other bloodborne pathogens
We know blood and blood products are included in this BBP scope, but what are Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM)?
Let’s look at each of the BBP of concern in detail
As of December 2001, occupational exposure to HIV has resulted in 57 documented cases of HIV seroconversion among healthcare personnel (HCP) in the United States.
At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 persons in the United States were living with HIV/AIDS, with 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection.
Long term effects of HCV:
80% of persons infected have no signs or symptoms for HCV. When present, symptoms may include:
Infection Control = Break any link in the chain
Penetration by contaminated sharps is the most common mode of transmission of bloodborne pathogens in the workplace.
Now that we have reviewed how an exposure can occur, let’s look at how to prevent exposure.
The risk of occupational exposure can be minimized or eliminated using a combination of engineering and work practice controls, personal protective clothing and equipment, training, medical surveillance, HBV vaccination, warning signs or labels, and other provisions described in this training section.
Failure to follow these policies could result in disciplinary action.
Retractable needle technology
Add-ons (needle covers)
exposure to a contaminated sharp
PPE is appropriate only if it does not permit blood/OPIM to pass through and/or reach the employee’s clothing, skin, eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes under normal use.
of employee hand contact with blood, OPIM, mucous membranes, or non-intact skin
Latex gloves have proven effective in preventing transmission of many infectious diseases to health care workers. However, for some workers, exposures to latex may result in allergic reactions.
For further reading:
Even though the use of PPE is very important in controlling exposure to BBPs, it is your last line of defense against exposure if engineering and work practice controls fail.
Do not rely only on PPE for protection.
Work surfaces should be decontaminated with an appropriate disinfectant such as 10% bleach solution or an EPA approved disinfectant after completion of procedures, immediately or as soon as feasible when surfaces are overtly contaminated or after any spill, and at the end of the work shift.
Immediately report all exposures.
You may have to make a quick decision about starting an antiretroviral agent as prophylaxis. The time frame for beginning this treatment is critical. Reporting is also essential for establishing a claim for Workers' Compensation benefits.
PVAMU’s Workers’ Compensation Specialist can be reached at (936) 261-1728
2. Promptly report the incident to your supervisor and the Bloodborne Pathogens Coordinator.
3. Complete the First Report of Injury forms.
4. Report to Health Clinic for medical evaluation.
Health Center (936) 261-1400
Env. Health & Safety (936) 261-1745 or 1746
Workers Compensation (936) 261-1728