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Federal Policy Discussion How do Policy Issues play out? ESEA–Budget-Appropriations. AASA National Conference Town Hall on Policy issues February 17, 2012 Bruce Hunter. Federal Policy Topics. Federal role in general Transformation, Reform or Improvement

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federal policy discussion how do policy issues play out esea budget appropriations
Federal Policy DiscussionHow do Policy Issues play out?ESEA–Budget-Appropriations

AASA National Conference

Town Hall on Policy issues

February 17, 2012

Bruce Hunter

federal policy topics
Federal Policy Topics
  • Federal role in general
  • Transformation, Reform or Improvement
    • Can the current structure, and financing deliver the level of education desired by politicians, business leaders and policy elites?
    • Can any system deliver high achievement for 100% of students?
federal policy topics1
Federal Policy Topics
  • Washington elites think standards based reform can deliver the desired outcomes.
  • What is standards based reform?
    • A list of what students should know and be able to do
    • A test or tests that indicate what students have achieved
    • Consequences for schools and school districts where results are deemed too low
federal policy topics2
Federal Policy Topics
  • Growing chorus thinks the current system cannot deliver what is needed because it is:
    • Too focused on lock step student progress
    • Too focused on tests
    • Not focused enough on content
    • Isn’t individualized enough to deliver for all
    • Is very costly to individualize the current system
federal policy topics3
Federal Policy Topics
  • So the current federal policy topics are
    • Should control over accountability, assessment and consequences be returned to states? or
    • Should NCLB carry forward but new acronyms? or
    • Should federal waivers drive state decisions regarding structure, accountability, assessment and consequences?
  • No one on the hill is questioning the current standards based format?
title i structure
Title I Structure
  • HR 3989
  • Adds Programs to Title I
    • Title I
    • Migrant Education
    • N & D
    • Indian education
    • ELL grants
    • Rural
  • Senate Committee
  • Keeps current structure
  • Independent funding authorization
    • Title I
    • Migrant Education
    • N & D
esea policy moves
ESEA policy moves

House Bills

Senate Committee

October 18,19 &20

Chairman Tom Harkin, IA

Ranking Member Mike Enzi, WY

Voted from committee 16-7

12 D’s & 4R’s

Floor - ? - Harkin says only when House has a bipartisan bill

  • Introduction Feb. 9
  • HR 3989 Student Success Act
  • HR 3990 Encouraging Innovation and Teachers Act
  • Hearing – Feb. 17 Jimmy Cunningham
  • Markup Week of 2/29?
  • Floor?
title i structure1
Title I Structure
  • HR 3889
  • Permits shifting funds within Title I programs
  • Except
    • Not REAP
    • No funds out of Title I grants to LEAs, only in
    • No state approval,
    • but must be reported and included in local application
  • Senate Committee
  • No funding flexibility
assessment and accountability improvements accountability
Assessment and AccountabilityImprovements -Accountability

HR 3899

  • States must establish an accountability system
  • Eliminates the impossible goal of 100%
  • Eliminates Adequate Yearly Progress, AYP,
  • Eliminates Annual Measurable Objectives, AMOs

Senate Committee

  • States must establish an accountability system
  • Eliminates the impossible goal of 100%
  • Eliminates Adequate Yearly Progress, AYP,
  • Eliminates Annual Measurable Objectives, AMOs,
  • Eliminates all or nothing scorekeeping
assessment and accountability status quo accountability
Assessment and AccountabilityStatus Quo – Accountability

HR 3899

  • Disaggregation required - same sub groups
  • Reporting results by sub group required
  • School improvement grants for low performers

Senate Committee

  • Disaggregation required - same sub groups
  • Reporting results by sub group required
  • School improvement grants for low performers
assessment and accountability improvements assessment
Assessment and AccountabilityImprovements- Assessment

HR 3899

  • Permits multiple measures
  • Requires tests that measure individual proficiency and growth
  • Provides adaptive assessment for students with the most severe cognitive disabilities

Senate Committee

  • Permits multiple measures
  • Includes computer based adaptive assessment
  • Requires adoption of new more accurate assessments
assessment and accountability changes assessment
Assessment and AccountabilityChanges - Assessment

House Draft

  • Eliminates caps on special education testing -IEP team decision
  • Maintains current 1 year ELL testing requirement
  • Permits shifting to measuring growth, but keeps status testing too

Senate Committee

  • Eliminates the 2% testing cap
  • Changes testing requirement for ELL from one year to two years
  • Permits shifting to measuring growth, but keeps status testing too
assessment and accountability changes graduation rate
Assessment and AccountabilityChanges – Graduation Rate

HR 3899

  • 4 year cohort graduation rate in accountability
  • State can elect to use adjusted rate for years 5 & 6

Senate Committee

  • 4 year cohort graduation rate in accountability
  • State can elect to use adjusted rate for years 5 & 6
  • Continuous improvement on track
  • Ranking schools required –identify the bottom 5%
    • Achievement
    • Achievement gap
assessment and accountability changes teacher qualifications
Assessment and AccountabilityChanges – Teacher Qualifications
  • HR 3899
  • Section 1119 of Title I deleted –
  • Silent on teacher qualifications
  • HQT gone
  • Senate Committee
  • Maintains HQT language
  • Unchanged from current law
school improvement strategies
School Improvement Strategies

HR 3899

  • State selects school improvement strategies

Senate Committee

  • Transformation
  • Turnaround
  • Closure
  • Restart
  • Strategic Staffing Strategy
  • Whole School Reform Strategy
  • State Flexibility
  • Rural Waiver
aasa concerns
AASA Concerns
  • HR 3899
  • Maintenance of Effort
  • Funding Cap
  • Equitable Participation
  • Senate Committee
  • Comparability
  • Foster Children
aasa concerns other esea titles
AASA ConcernsOther ESEA Titles
  • HR 3890
  • Charter Schools
  • Vouchers
  • Senate Committee
  • Charter Schools
fy 2013 obama budget proposal education
FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation
  • USED only non-defense funding increase -about $1.7 billion
  • $30 billion to retain, hire teachers and first responders
  • $30 billion to modernize at least 35,000 schools
fy 2013 obama budget proposal education1
FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation
  • Level funds Title I and IDEA
  • Consolidates 38 programs down to 11
  • $850 million for RTT
  • $150 million for i3
  • $2.5 billion for teacher quality formula grants
  • $400 million for Teachers/Leaders Innovation Fund
  • NEW $5 billion grant program to reform the teaching profession
fy 2013 obama budget proposal education2
FY 2013 Obama Budget ProposalEducation
  • Formula v Competitive grants
  • Reauthorizing ESEA through grants to states
  • Creating 50 even more federally driven SEA’s
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