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What were the accomplishments of Jimmy Carter?. Background. Born Oct. 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia Father – James Earl Carter Sr. was a farmer and businessman Mother – Lillian Gordy Carter was a nurse Graduated from Plains High School in 1942

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Background
Background

  • Born Oct. 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia

  • Father – James Earl Carter Sr. was a farmer and businessman

  • Mother – Lillian Gordy Carter was a nurse

  • Graduated from Plains High School in 1942

  • Attended Georgia Southwestern College and Georgia Tech

  • Graduated in 1946 from U.S. Naval Academy

  • That same year, married Rosalynn Smith


Naval career
Naval Career

  • Served on submarines in both Atlantic and Pacific fleets

  • Chosen to work on nuclear subs, he did graduate work in reactor technology and nuclear physics

  • Was senior officer on the crew of the Seawolf, the second nuclear submarine


Return to plains
Return to Plains

  • Carter’s father died in 1953, and he resigned from the navy to return to Georgia.

  • He took over the family farm and Carter’s Warehouse, a seed and farm supply store

  • He got into local politics by serving on the school, hospital authority, and library boards.


State politics
State Politics

  • 1962 – elected to Georgia Senate

  • Lost his first campaign for governor in 1966

  • Won 1970 election and took office in 1971.

    • Consolidated an oversized government from 65 agencies and 200 boards and bureaus into 20 agencies.

    • Reformed education to provide funds for vocational education, reduce class size and equalize school funding


Georgia s son becomes president
Georgia’s son becomes President

  • Elected president in 1976 – the only President from Georgia

    • People were attracted to his honesty and saw him as a political newcomer

    • Came along at the end of Watergate, the nation’s worst political scandal that resulted in the resignation of President Richard Nixon

    • Seen as more casual and down-home than previous presidents


Presidential years 1977 1981
Presidential Years (1977-1981)

  • Nationally, high inflation and unemployment had stagnated the economy.

  • Carter created 2 new cabinet depts. (Energy and Education), and appointed a record number of women and minorities to federal gov’t. offices

  • Internationally, two events scarred Carter’s term: the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan and the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran, Iran.


Iranian hostage crisis
Iranian Hostage Crisis

  • Iran had an Islamic revolution and kicked out its leader, the Shah.

  • As part of the Revolution, Islamic radicals stormed the U.S. embassy and took 52 Americans hostage.

  • They remained hostages for 444 days and were not released until Ronald Reagan took office in 1981.

  • This was seen as Carter’s biggest failure.


Post presidential years 1981 present
Post-Presidential Years (1981 – Present)

  • After returning to Georgia, he founded the Carter Center.

  • The Center focuses on human rights issues around the world

    • It has monitored elections, resolved conflicts, and worked to control diseases around the world

  • He worked to establish Habitat for Humanity

  • He won the Nobel peace Prize in 2002