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The Archaic Period. Cultures of Latin America Readings: M. Coe- Chapter 3 Sources: S.T. Evans, & more. Archaic Period 8,000 BC - 2,000 BC. Climate Wetter and warmer, Landscapes Micro-environments Archaic Transformations N. Arid Zone-Tamaulipas Basin of Mexico- Tehuacan Valley

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The archaic period

The Archaic Period

Cultures of Latin America

Readings: M. Coe- Chapter 3

Sources: S.T. Evans, & more


Archaic period 8 000 bc 2 000 bc
Archaic Period 8,000BC- 2,000BC

  • Climate

    • Wetter and warmer,

    • Landscapes

    • Micro-environments

  • Archaic Transformations

    • N. Arid Zone-Tamaulipas

    • Basin of Mexico- Tehuacan Valley

    • Maya region- Chiapas, Guatemala & Belize


Seasonality scheduling
Seasonality & Scheduling

  • Dry Season Subsistence

    • “Micro-band”

    • Game & Agave plant

    • Domestication of squash

  • Rainy season Subsistence

    • Abundance of food and water

    • “Macro-band”


Early to middle archaic period 8 000 5500 bc
Early to Middle Archaic Period(8,000-5500BC)

  • Caves and Rock shelters

    • Gila Naquitz- Valley of Oaxaca (8,000-6,500BC)

      • Micro-band

      • Maguey use evidence

    • The Zoque

      • Film points

    • Tehuacan Valley

      • Slopes with caves

      • Springs (ref. to name)

      • Use for over 10,000 yrs.

      • Human sacrifice (cremation)

        • Reasons?


Origins of mexican cultivation
Origins of Mexican Cultivation

Middle (5500-3500BC) to

Late Archaic (3500-2000BC)

  • Mesoamerican crops

    • Maguey

    • The four sisters

  • Maize Domestication

    • 4,000BC origins

    • Highlands of Oaxaca and Balsas Drainage-West Oaxaca

      • Guila Naquitz Cave-(4250BC)

    • Other sites

    • Early uses