Breast Cancer. By Hannah Caldwell. What Is Cancer?.
By Hannah Caldwell
Cancer occurs as a result of mutations (abnormal changes) in the genes responsible for controlling the growth of cells and keeping them healthy. The genes are in each cell’s nucleus, which acts as the “control room” of each cell. Normally, the cells in our bodies replace themselves through an orderly process of cell growth: new healthy cells take over as old ones die. But over time, mutations can “turn on” certain genes and “turn off” others in a cell. That changed cell gains the ability to keep dividing without control or order, producing more cells just like it and forming a tumour.
Initially breast cancer might not cause any symptoms. But sometimes there will be a lump on your breast that you or your doctor can feel. If the lump is painless, hard, and has uneven edges, it is more likely to be cancer. But sometimes cancers can be tender, soft, and round. These symptoms may also come with breast cancer – Swelling of all/part of the breast, skin irritation/dimpling, breast pain, nipple pain/nipple turning inward, redness, scaliness, thickening of the nipple/breast skin, nipple discharge(other than breast milk) or a lump in underarm area.
Dr Ann Kulze from ‘Womens Health says these ten things may help reduce risks of breast cancer – Maintain a healthy body weight throughout your life, minimize or avoid alcohol, eat as much fruit and vegetables as possible, exercise regularly, minimize consumption of omega-6 fats, minimize consumption of the high glycemic foods, eat whole food soy products regularly, minimize exposure to pharmacologic estrogens and xeno-estrogens, take your supplements daily, maintain a positive mental outlook.