Tiamat English I--Louise S. McGehee School 2004. (McHugh Studios) . Marduk against Tiamat (Accad) . Features . Female Bloated (Encyclopedia). Scaled body Forked tongue 300 miles long with a mouth that opens 10 feet (Serene Dragon). Imagined as a five headed dragon or hydra
English I--Louise S. McGehee School
(Index of Necron)
Enuma Elish is the name of Tiamat’s epic. “In a Babylonian epic, a male divinity, Marduk, overpowers the original female divinity, Tiamat, and becomes the new ruler of the universe”(Lishtar). Tiamat has many children who are younger gods. These children feared their mother’s power and felt she had to be eliminated, so they called upon a hero, one of her grandchildren, Marduk. Tiamat and Marduk wage in battle, and Marduk comes out victorious by forcing Tiamat to swallow the winds he threw at her. While the winds distracted her, Marduk cut out her heart and crushed her skull. “Tiamat´s body fell into the lower universe; one half became the dome of heaven, her eyes became the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers”(Lishtar).
At the beginning of every year in Babylon, Enuma Elish was made into a drama and was played at the New Year Festival, which began the autumn season. This was a stern holiday that enforced life, order, and determination in the universe. This myth was not only there for entertainment, but for religious reasons as well. In Babylonia, there is a temple made for the hero, Marduk, for defeating chaos (Rosenberg).
The story of the Canaanite people closely relates to the story of Tiamat and Marduk. Actually these two stories are almost exactly the same. The only two differences lie in the names and ending (Doty).
Another myth of creation is one of the Zoroastrian myths. This myth is a battle between the forces of light and darkness. Light and Justice are played by Spenta while Destruction and Evil are played by his brother Ahriman. This begins the eternal battle for mankind. This battle is still waging (Doty).
Links to Today
Today, many young people have started exclusive bands named after Tiamat.
Tehom which means “The Deep”, is derived from Tiamat and found at the beginning of Genesis.
Marduk battling Tiamat
“Accad and the Early Semites. The Internet Sacred Text Archive. 2004. 10 January 2004. <http://www.sacred-
Doty, William G. “Myths of Creation.” World Mythology. Hammersmith, London: Barnes & Noble Inc,
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Lishtar. “Tiamat, Lady of Primevil Chaos, the Great Mother of the Gods of Babylon.” Gateways to Babylon. 2004. Frank Wenner. 10 January 2004. <http://www.gatewaystobabylon.com/gods/ladies/ladytiamat.html>.
McHugh, Jeremy. McHugh Studios. Established Studios. 10 January 2004. <http://www.mchughstudios.com/TiamatMard ukfin.JPG>.
Ovick, Joseph A. “Tiamat.” Contra Costa Country Office of Education. 2002. Pleasant Hill, CA, Contra Costa Country
Office of Education. 10 January 2004.<http://www.cccoe.k12.ca.us/mdtech/mythology/babylonian/
Rosenberg, Donna. “The Enuma Elish.” World Mythology. Chicago, Illinois: National Textbook Company, 1994. 153-155.
“Tiamat.” Encyclopedia Mythica. 2003. M.F. Lindemends. 10 January 2004. <http://www.pantheon.org/ articles/t/tiamat.html>.
“Tiamat.” The Serene Dragon. 2003. 10 January 2004. <http://www.theserenedragon.net/Tales/baby
“Welcome to Tiamat’s Lair.” Tiamat’s Lair. 1998. 10 January 2004. <http://my.en.com/~tiamat/lair.html>.