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Rao Mohar Singh College of Education. LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION An Introduction. Presented by- Rajni Kotnala. Adolescent Friendly School Initiative. Today’s Youth Tomorrow's Wealth. What is ‘Life Skills’?. WHO (1997)

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Rao Mohar Singh College of Education


Presented by-

Rajni Kotnala

Adolescent Friendly School Initiative

what is life skills
What is ‘Life Skills’?
  • WHO (1997)
    • “theabilitiesforadaptive and positive behavior that enablesindividualsto deal effectivelywith the demands and challenges of everyday life”
    • UNICEF (2001)
    • “life-skills based education is

-behavior change or behavior development approach

-designed to address a balance of three areas:

    • knowledge, attitude, and skills.
why life skills education
Why Life-Skills Education?
  • Early identification of problems, early intervention and support at key moments in lives of young people is vital
  • Development needs & aspirations of the individuals
  • Development of psychosocial abilities
  • To enhance capabilities and enlarge choices
  • To build different dimensions of well-being, by building self-image & self-worth, which in turn help individuals to be less vulnerable to the variations within a given context
Education To Fight Poverty And Vulnerability




“Vulnerability” is the probability of having one’s situation worsen when facing a dramatic event.

world education forum 2000 dakar framework for action
“the human right to benefit from an education that will meet their(youth’s) basic learning needs in the best and fullest sense of the term, an education that includes learning to know, to do, to live together and to be”World Education Forum, 2000Dakar Framework For Action

Life Skills Approach strengthens the ability of an individual to evolve, developing self-confidence and power to act, without being restricted to a single hands on skill

what are the life skills

Decision Making

Critical Thinking

Creative Thinking

Communication Skills


Stress Management


Interpersonal Relationship

What are the “Life Skills” ?
the four pillars of education
The Four Pillars of Education

Learning to Know: Developing Reasoning

It relates to cognitive life skills such as critical thinking, problem solving and decision making skills. It thus refers to both the acquisition of knowledge as well as the use of knowledge.

Learning to Be: Enhancing Agency

It relates to self-management life skills related to self awareness, self esteem & self confidence, and coping skills

Learning to Live Together: Building Potential Through Social Capital

It relates to communication skills, Negotiation skills, Refusal skills, Assertiveness skills, Interpersonal skills, Co-operation skills & Empathy skills

Learning to Do: Functioning and Capabilities

It refers to central human functional capabilities of “Life”, “Bodily Health”, “Bodily Integrity” and “Control over one’s Environment”

significance of learning life skills
To be able to explore alternatives

Weigh pros and cons

Make rational decisions

Communicate effectively

To say “No”

Be assertive

Significance of learning Life Skills
how life skills lead to primary prevention of health problems
How ‘Life Skills’ lead to primary prevention of health problems?
  • Knowledge
  • Attitudes
  • Values
  • Life Skills
  • Behavior reinforcement or change
  • Positive Health Behavior
  • Prevention of Health Problems
problem solving skill
  • Allows to solve an issue, problem or conflict

without anger, intimidation, insubordination,

aggressive force or behavior

  • Devising a plan in order to solve a problem
  • Examining a related problem
  • Adjustment to a situation
  • PROBLEMS if left unresolved  MENTAL &


what is decision making
Abilities to assess available options

Relating current situation to past similar situation

To foresee the consequences of different decisions (actions/non-actions)

No decision is also a decision

What is Decision Making ?
responsible decision making
Making decision after examining the choices & consequences in view of one’s values and goals is Responsible Decision MakingResponsible Decision Making
steps for responsible decision making
Identify/Define the problem

Consider the consequences or outcomes

Consider family and personal values

Choose one alternative

Implement the decision

Steps for Responsible Decision Making
critical thinking
Ability to analyze information and experiences in an objective manner

Helps adolescents to recognize and to assess the factors influencing attitude & behavior - values, pressures (peer,family)

Key to form right attitudes towards life

Assists in developing responsible behavior.

Critical Thinking
creative thinking
Enables to explore available alternatives and consequences of actions or non-actions

Openness to experience

Helps adolescents to respond adaptively and with flexibility to the daily life situations

Creative Thinking
self awareness
Body movement and gestures

Taking responsibility for own behavior

Being able to stand up for one’s own values and needs

Awareness of mental process

Knowing one’s thought, feelings and actions

coping with emotions stress
Recognizing effects of emotions on others and ourselves

Being aware of how emotions influence behaviors

Able to respond to emotions appropriately

Coping with emotions & stress
how to cope with stress
Recognize sources of stress in our life

Recognizing how these affect us

Identifying ways that help to control our levels of stress

Learning how to relax to minimize tensions

How to Cope with Stress
Ability to understand and accept others

To put oneself in other person’s shoes

Being nurturing and tolerant

Encourages a positive behavior towards people in need or difficulty

interpersonal skills
To be able to develop & nurture supportive networks

To be able to end relationships constructively

Helps adolescents to relate

with people in positive ways

effective communication
To express ourselves verbally & non-verbally

To express opinions, desires, needs & fears also

To ask for advice and help

Effective Communication
take pleasure pride in saying no when one wants to say no
Ways to say NO

Polite refusal

Give reason

Repeat refusal

Walk away

Ignore the person

Avoid the situation

Find others’ support

Talk about your own feelings

Take Pleasure & Pride in saying NO when one wants to say “no”
life skills education
Dynamic teaching & Dynamic learning

Working in small groups & pairs



Experiential learning

Games & debates

Home assignments, to further discuss and practice skills with family & friends.

Life Skills Education
thus the life skills
are applied

in various aspects of life

in human relationships, learning about rights & responsibilities

in health issues:

Thus, the ‘Life skills’ ….
  • Mental Health-Stresses
  • HIV-AIDS /STD Prevention
  • Drug abuse,
  • Sexual violence
  • Teenage pregnancy
  • Suicide Prevention
therefore the adolescents should know about life skills because
Empowers them to take positive actions to protect themselves and to promote health and positive social relationships.

Utility in Other areas

Environment Education

Consumer Education

Peace Education

Social cultural Issues

Therefore, the Adolescents should know about ‘Life skills’ because