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Aloha FEMA HiEd!. Building Researcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions: Experience from the Asia Pacific Region Speaker: Jim Buika. FEMA Higher Education Project 8 th Annual Conference Emmitsburg, MD June 7-9, 2005. Jim Buika Senior Manager. Pacific Disaster Center

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Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Aloha

FEMA HiEd!

Building

Researcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions:

Experience from the Asia Pacific Region

Speaker: Jim Buika

FEMA Higher Education Project

8th Annual Conference

Emmitsburg, MD June 7-9, 2005

Jim Buika

Senior Manager

Pacific Disaster Center

590 Lipoa Parkway, Suite 259

Kihei, Maui, Hawaii 96753http://www.pdc.org


Topics
Topics

  • Context for Asia-Pacific Disaster Risk Reduction Programs

  • Key Components for Successful Project Planning

  • Researcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions


Pdc disaster risk reduction planning projects
PDC Disaster Risk Reduction Planning Projects

  • American Samoa Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan, 2003.

  • Multi-hazard Urban Risk Assessment for Marikina City, Philippines and Guidelines for Implementing Multi-hazard Risk Reduction Strategies for an Urban Environment, 2004.

  • Integrated Disaster Risk Management Planning Project for Metro Manila, Philippines, 2005.

  • Disaster Risk Management Program for Kathmandu, Nepal, 2005.


Context metro manila and marikina city
Context: Metro Manila and Marikina City

Earthquake Risk, Local Magnitude 7.2, 350-year return period

Flood risk, 10-year return period


Key components for successful planning 1
Key Components for Successful Planning (1)

  • Sustained involvement by international experts

  • Advocacy by local political leaders

  • Risk Reduction Planning Framework that makes sense to local stakeholders

  • Sustained feedback from City decision makers


Us japan philippines planning team

(1) Sustained Involvement by International Experts, 2002 –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

US Japan Philippines Planning Team


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(1) PDC-Japan-Marikina City –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning ProcessDisaster Risk Planning Milestones

Sept 03

Mar 04

May 04

Jul 04

Sep 04

Dec 04

Marikina Long Term Master Plan

Marikina Safety Plan

Comprehensive EQ Disaster Reduction Plan

PDC – Japan Community-basedRisk Planning Workshop

Digital Hazard Data

Flood Hazard

Flood History

Stakeholder Advisory Committee Meeting

Digital City Data

Training, Edu, Outreach

Stakeholder Advisory Workshop II(August)

Multi-hazard Maps

Hazard Impacts

Mitigation Options

Multi-hazard Action Plan

Stakeholder III & Education Workshop (November)

Disaster Reduction Strategies

Training, Educ, & Outreach

Mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction as part of Marikina Planning Process

Outcome

Improve Marikina Safety Program 2005

Implement Disaster Mitigation Education Center 2005


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(2) Advocacy by Local Political Leaders –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process


2 continued advocacy by local political leaders
(2) Continued (!) Advocacy –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Processby Local Political Leaders

  • Five plans and programs guide Marikina City development strategies:

    1. Marikina Safety Program: Comprehensive Earthquake Disaster Risk Reduction Program and Action Plan (2003-4)

    2. Marikina City Comprehensive Land Use Plan (2003)

    3. Marikina City Long-Term Master Plan (2003)

    4. Invest in Marikina City Program (2004)

    5. Flood Mitigation Program (2004)

  • Disaster Mitigation Education Center (2005)

  • Disaster Risk Management Master Plan for Metro Manila (2005)


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(3) Risk Reduction Planning Framework –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

that Makes Sense

Understand risk in its context

Communicate risk to key sectors

Organize resources

Prioritize mitigation projects

Risk Reduction Planning Framework that makes sense to local stakeholders

Implement mitigation measures


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Identify Hazards –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

  • Research hazards

  • Reports

  • Interviews

  • News, etc.

Catalog of Hazard Occurrences

(3) Details Too Much:

RVA Implementation Strategy

Asset Inventory

Profile Hazards

Assess Losses

  • Disaster Narratives

  • Frequency

  • Potential impacts

  • Probability of occurrence

Identification

  • Jurisdiction

  • Critical facilities

  • Societal

  • Economic

Data Collection

Hazard Risk Maps

Vulnerability Maps

Annualized Losses

Mitigation

Countermeasures


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(3) Risk Reduction Planning Framework –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

that Makes Sense

Risk Reduction Planning Framework for Marikina City, Philippines

Risk & Vulnerability

Assessment

Risk Reduction Policy Implementation

Mitigation

Countermeasures

Supplemented by Guidelines for Implementing Multi-hazard Risk Reduction Strategies for an Urban Environment


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(3) Risk Reduction Planning Framework –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

Includes Guidelines and Templates


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Issues –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process:

Issues:

Issues:

Issues:

1. Size of task – where to begin? Most

actions have City Engineer as lead

2. Emergency ops – urgent need to

identify utility lines with GIS

3. Need for consulting with City

before workshops

  • 1. City human resource capacity

  • building

  • 2. Safety Program public involvement

  • (barangays)

  • 3. Education for safety in the schools

1. Educating citizens to prepare

2. Educating investors to buy-in to

safety

3. Encouraging other cities in Metro

Manila region to carry some of the load

1. Modifiy shaking intensity GIS

colors – red too alarming

2. 2004 theme “Invest in Marikina” –

get investor buy-in

3. World Bank Report (see) – foreign

direct investment, river and cultural

heritage development projects?

Education

Implementation

Training Center

Economic Dev. - Land Use

External

Mayor Marides C. Fernando

Mr. Jun Aguilar, Chief, Planning Office

Mr. Melvin A. CruzCity Administrator

Engr. Alfonso P. Espiritu Disaster Mgr/EM

Julie Borje, Director, Ctr of Excellence

Internal

Personal Capacity Building

Structural Mitigation

(4) Sustained Feedback from Decision Makers


Key components for successful planning 2
Key Components for Successful Planning (2) –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

5. Proactive Stakeholder Advisory Committee

6. Involvement of local subject matter experts

7. Informed citizenry through project participation and training

8. Awareness and lessons learned from disasters and emergency events


5 proactive stakeholder advisory committee
(5) Proactive Stakeholder Advisory Committee –2006: U.S-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process

Stakeholder Advisory Committee Approach

  • Understand City Priorities and Direction

  • Reach Common Vision, Project Goals, Objectives

  • Design Scope of Work to meet City priorities

  • Add Key Role of a Trusted Local Investigator (paid by project)


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

(6) Integrating Local Experts with Stakeholder Advisory Committee

Marikina City Stakeholder Advisory Committee

1) Administrator

2) Planning

3) Public Works /Eng

4) Architect

5) Education

6) GIS and MIS

7) Investments/Promo

8) Legislative Council

Local & Regional Experts

1) PHIVOLCS

2) Manila Development Auth.

3) Flood Control District

4) Environment

5) PAGASA (Met. Services)

6) Business Sector

7) City Teachers & U of Phil

8) Media

Hon.

Mdm. Lourdes C. Fernando

MAYOR

CENTEX

Ms. Julie Borje

On-site

Local Investigator

PDC

Project Manager

Jim Buika

GIS, Internet

Map Viewer, &

Training

Chris Chiesa

Todd Bosse

PDC Team

Flood Risk &

Vulnerability

Assessment

Stanley Goosby

Jim Buika

PDC Team


Initial extent

(7) Informed Citizenry through Project Participation and Training

Initial Extent

Marikina City Internet Map Viewer

URL: www.pdc.org/marikina


Flood prone areas

Flood Prone Areas Trainingwith Critical Facilities

Flood Prone Areas


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Peak Ground Acceleration TrainingNear City Hall


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Flood Prone Area TrainingNear City Hall


8 awareness and lessons learned from disasters and emergency events
(8) Awareness and Lessons Learned from Disasters and Emergency Events

In the Philippines, during 2004 alone:

  • 6.9 earthquake

  • Four active volcanoes

  • Seven tropical cyclones

  • Major floods and landslides

  • Loss of life and internal displacement of families in November multiple typhoons

  • Flooding in Marikina City

    Repeated Events Bring a Call to Action!


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Researcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions Lead to a Sustainable Future

1992 Flood Areas

10446 residences impacted

450 businesses impacted

2004 Flood Areas

Reduced to 4877 residences (54%)

Reduced to 289 businesses (36%)

  • Researcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalition conducted, documented & demonstrated Marikina City flood mitigation success, prompting Mayor to set a goal to eliminate residential flooding by 2015.


Pacific disaster center 590 lipoa parkway suite 259

Building Sustainable FutureResearcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions via Project Organization

Marikina City Stakeholder Advisory Committee

1) Administrator

2) Planning

3) Public Works /Eng

4) Architect

5) Education

6) GIS and MIS

7) Investments/Promo

8) Legislative Council

Local & Regional Experts

1) PHIVOLCS

2) Manila Development Auth.

3) Flood Control District

4) Environment

5) PAGASA (Met. Services)

6) Business Sector

7) City Teachers & U of Phil

8) Media

Hon.

Mdm. Lourdes C. Fernando

MAYOR

CENTEX

Ms. Julie Borje

On-site

Data Collection Resource

PDC

Project Manager

Jim Buika

GIS, Internet

Map Viewer, &

Training

Chris Chiesa

Todd Bosse

PDC Team

Flood Risk &

Vulnerability

Assessment

Stanley Goosby

Jim Buika

PDC Team


Examples of researcher practitioner stakeholder coalitions
Examples of Sustainable FutureResearcher-Practitioner-Stakeholder Coalitions

  • FEMA Higher Education Project

  • USGS Science Impact Program

  • Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative


Fema higher education project researcher practitioner coalition
FEMA Higher Education Project Researcher-Practitioner Coalition

Sri Lanka

  • Dr. Kapila Dahanayake, University of Peradeniya

  • Developing Masters Degree Program in Disaster Management

  • PDC desire to create a FEMA Hi Ed Coalition

    • Provide sustained International (US) Involvement

    • Provide Advise to Advocates

    • I need your assistance to create coalition and a program!


Usgs science impact program university collaborations
USGS Science Impact Program CoalitionUniversity Collaborations

Science Impact draws upon skills that extend the USGS' traditional workforce. Expertise will be required in the decision and social sciences, economics, operations research analysis and statistics, as well as negotiations and collaborative processes. To gain expertise and capacity, the USGS is establishing Science Impact Partnerships with external organizations that have demonstrated capabilities in these areas.

Five Science Impact Partnerships :

  • Science Impact Laboratory for Policy and Economics: University of New Mexico

  • Science Impact Laboratory for Urban Systems: University of Pennsylvania

  • Science Impact Center for Visualization and Delivery: Prescott College

  • Indigenous Knowledge Center for Education and Science Impact: Sinte Gleska University

  • MIT - USGS Science Impact Collaborative: Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Mainstreaming model

Central Authorities Coalition

Civil Society

Local Government

Public Works

Urban Planning

Emergency

Management

Building and

Construction

CBO’s

NGO’s

Social Services

Public Safety

Financial Planning

Education & Rec.

Media

Academia

Business

Mainstreaming Model:


Acknowledgement of researchers practitioners and stakeholders via references
Acknowledgement of Researchers, Practitioners, and Stakeholders via References

  • Buika,James,Stanley Goosby, Sharon Mielbrecht, Dr. Allen Clark, Julie Borje, Tomas Aguilar, Jr., Dr. Haruo Hayashi, Dr. Norio Maki, Dr. Machiko Banba, and Kenneth Topping, 2005,A United States-Japan-Philippines Collaborative Planning Process To Implement A Multi-Hazard, Urban Risk Reduction Strategy For Marikina City, Philippines, Proceedings Volume, International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Japan, Jan 18-20, 2005.

  • Stanley Goosby, Chris Chiesa, Sharon Mielbrecht, and Todd Bosse, 2005, Assessing And Reducing The Impacts Of Disasters In The Asia Pacific Region, Proceedings Volume, International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Japan, Jan 18-20, 2005.

  • Above articles available at www.pdc.org

  • Primer on Education and Training Opportunities for Disaster Managers in the Asia Pacific Region and United States, 2003-2004 http://www.pdc.org/Pubs_Page/Education_Training.pdf


Conclusion components for successful planning involves coalitions
Conclusion: Components for Stakeholders Successful Planning Involves Coalitions

  • Sustained involvement by international experts

  • Advocacy by local political leaders

  • Risk Reduction Planning Framework that makes sense to local stakeholders

  • Sustained feedback from City decision makers

  • Proactive Stakeholder Advisory Committee

    6. Involvement of local subject matter experts

    7. Informed citizenry through project participation and training

    8. Awareness and lessons learned from disasters and emergency events