limb length girth volume measurement n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 739 Views
  • Uploaded on

Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement. PHT 1261C Tests and Measurements Dr. Kane. Anthropometric Measurements. Definition – anthropometry What is it? Why is it important?. What do we measure?. What to measure?. Edema Localized swelling Joint effusion Muscular changes

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement' - ganesa


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
limb length girth volume measurement

Limb Length/Girth/Volume Measurement

PHT 1261C Tests and Measurements

Dr. Kane

anthropometric measurements
Anthropometric Measurements
  • Definition – anthropometry
    • What is it?
    • Why is it important?
what to measure
What to measure?
  • Edema
  • Localized swelling
  • Joint effusion
  • Muscular changes
  • Asymmetry of body parts
  • Effects of surgical procedures
why measure
Why measure?
  • Aids clinician in determining pt.'s impairments to provide the appropriate treatment
  • Provides baseline data information to monitor progress and outcomes
  • Provides feedback & motivation for patients
  • Aids in designing equipment and materials for special populations
  • Provides info in design of objects and spaces used by normal population
what to measure with
What to measure with?
  • Tape Measure
  • Steel Tape
  • Volumeter
  • Anthropometer
  • Calipers
  • Perometry – infrared laser
  • Bioimpedence
using the tape measure
Using the Tape Measure
  • Measure in cm
  • Place the tape measure flat on the body
  • The tape measure should be stretched out and not slack
  • If the segment to be measured is irregular or conical in shape, the proximal part of the tape should be flat
  • When measuring circumference, surround the body part without undue constricting pressure
limb length measurement
Limb Length Measurement
  • Indications
    • Upper Extremity
      • Arm
      • Forearm
    • Lower Extremity
      • Thigh/Femur
      • Leg
girth measurements
Girth Measurements
  • Indications
  • Upper Extremity
    • Arm
    • Forearm
  • Lower Extremity
    • Thigh
    • Leg
  • Other areas
    • Hands, feet, waist, hips, head
leg length measurement
Leg Length Measurement
  • Indications
  • True (anatomical) vs. Apparent (functional)
    • A difference of 1.0 to 1.5 cm is still considered normal but may be symptomatic
    • Valid & Reliable
    • Sources of error – muscle bulk, clothing, palpation
leg length measurement1
Leg Length Measurement
  • True Leg Length
    • ASIS
    • Medial Malleolus
    • Lateral Malleolus
  • Specific location of difference
    • ASIS to greater trochanter – hip valgus/varus
    • Greater trochanter to lateral joint line – femur
    • Medial joint line of knee to medial malleolus – tibia
  • Interpreting results
leg length measurement2
Leg Length Measurement
  • Apparent Leg Length
    • Indications
    • Landmarks:
      • Umbilicus
      • Medial Malleolus
    • Interpretation
common true lld etiologies
Common True LLD Etiologies
  • Common etiologies of true leg length discrepancies:
  • Idiopathic developmental abnormality
  • Fracture
  • Trauma to epiphyseal plate
  • Legg-Calve Perthes Disease
  • Malignancies
  • Infections
slide16

Common etiologies of apparent leg length discrepancies:

  • Soft tissue shortening
  • Joint contractures
  • Ligamentous laxity
  • Foot mechanics
  • LBP
  • Scoliosis
slide17

Indirect Method of Measuring Leg Length

- done through palpation of bony landmarks such as the ASIS or the

iliac crest

- use of blocks of given thickness