Influence of Attachment on Addiction. Addition and Psychiatry Seminars UCLA Donna Markus, Ph.D. Attachment Theory. Framework for understanding how an individual’s early attachment experiences may influence his or her personality development and current functioning.
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Addition and Psychiatry Seminars
Donna Markus, Ph.D.
Modulate negative feelings by restricting acknowledgement of distress and being “compulsively self-reliant” rather than exhibiting behaviors aimed at seeking comfort and support. This strategy entails a dismissal of the importance of attachment relations, an inhibition of the display of negative emotions, and an emphasis on autonomy
Negative feelings intensified because they direct attention toward distress in a hypervigilant manner that functions to inhibit the development of autonomy and self-confidence.
Male 91 44.2%
Female 115 55.8%
Asian 2 1.0%
African-American 25 12.1%
Caucasian 128 62.1%
Hispanic 32 15.5%
Native American 3 4.5%
Multi- or Bi-Racial 15 7.3%
Other 1 .5%
Mean 45.5 SD 10.26
Comparison of Family History of Insecure AttachmentPositive (FH+) Addicts vs Family History Negative (FH ) Addicts on Insecure Attachment History (Hypothesis 2A)
N Mean SD Std Error t df Sig.
Age of Onset
FH+ 119 11.63 3.15 .29
FH- 87 13.68 4.16 .45
-4.03 204 .000
Step R-Square Change F Change p_
Family History 1 .074 16.23 .000
Security of Attachment 2 .046 10.65 .001