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Fighting against discrimination - Maria Sklodowska Curie (1867-1 934 ). FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW. Story by Mimoza Ristova Physics Department University in Skopje Republic of Macedonia.

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first steps into the deep snow

Fighting against discrimination -

Maria Sklodowska Curie

(1867-1934)

FIRST STEPS INTO THE DEEP SNOW

Story by

MimozaRistova

Physics Department

University in Skopje

Republic of Macedonia

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide2

Once upon a time, the world of science and art was inaccessible for women as nowadays the Vatican Conclave and the Athos of Greece remain closed for female human beings.

Athos

Vatican

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide3
Let us not ever forget who made the first footsteps in to the deep masculine chauvinistic snow of science?

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

what the scientific conferences looked like before the phenomenon marie sklodowska curie appeared
What the scientific conferences looked like before the phenomenon Marie Sklodowska Curie appeared?

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

scientific conference in 1900
Scientific conference in 1900

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

solvay scientific council 1911
Solvay–scientific council 1911

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

s lv y conference 1913
Sоlvаy Conference -1913

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

solvay conference 1921
Solvay Conference 1921

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

s lv y conference 1933
Sоlvаy Conference - 1933

Marie

Irene

Lise Meitner

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

solvay conference 1947
Solvay Conference -1947

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

institute of physics skopje gender statistics
Institute of Physics – Skopje -gender statistics

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide12

HISTORICAL,

POLITICAL AND

SOCIAL CONDITIONS

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

life in poland
Life in Poland_______________________________

Russian occupation of Prussia

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

life in poland1
Life in Poland_____________________________

2000

1900

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

russian occupation
Russian occupation____________________________________________________
  • From capital city 1815 Warsaw became a Russian provincial city under the rule of the Russian Tsar.
  • Polish language was forbidden for public use.
  • Sklodowski family was devoted to open patriotism and cultural preservation.

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

mania was born on november 7 th 1967 in warsaw
Mania was born on November 7th1967 in Warsaw ____________________________________

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide17

The Sklodowski’s children

_______________________________

Zosia, Maria (V child), Hela,Joseph, Bronia

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

education under nationalistic discrimination
Education under nationalistic discrimination ______________________________________

Higher education in sciences forbidden for polish students in the Russian Empire!!!!!

Russian TsarAlexanderIIwas killed 1881 by polish revolutionary students

Kosak’s parade after 1863 after defeating the revolution

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

depression mental depleation
Depression (mental depleation)____________________________________

Education was the driver in her life

Life in the country – years of happiness

recovering after 1 year

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide20

Governance, tutor in the sugar factory and illegal student of practical chemistry_____________________________________________________________________

Mania & Bronia

KazimirZorawski

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

illegal flying universities in poland or evening schools with variable address
Illegal “flying”universities in Poland or evening schools with variable address____________________________________

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

1891 1 8 94 marie at sorbonne
1891 -1894Marie at Sorbonne____________________________

1893 - Master degree in physics as a top student in the class and

1894 – master in maths

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

to look for a job in paris or to return back to poland
To look for a job in Paris or to return back to Poland?____________________________

Facing difficulties in magnetic measurements, she was introduced to Pierre Curie

Wedding 1895

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

honey moon tour de france
Honey moon– tour de France____________________________

Wedding gift from Pierre

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

1897 continuation of becquerel s findings
1897 – continuation of Becquerel's findings

Key to the success:

Pierre and Jacque Curie’s upgraded electrometer

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

experiments with u salts
Experiments with U-salts_______________________________

Becquerelshypotesis confirmed

U-salts with a greater U-content show greater activity

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide27

Is it only property of U?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • She tested all the known elements.
  • It was found that Th revealed the property.

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

doctoral degree for pierre and marie
Doctoral degree for Pierre and Marie_________________________________________________________________

First lady PhD in France

Gabriel Lippmann

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

the nobel prize in physics 1903
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity",the other half jointly to Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska"in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel".

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

nobel prize in physics 1903
Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

curies in wellbeing
Curies in wellbeing

1904 -Irene (8)

и Eve (1)

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

isolation of ra and po
Isolation of Ra and Po

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide34

Ores containing Ra and Po

Charcoalit

U- blend

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide35
Ores containing U-salts

1,4 g (Ra)

t1/2(Ra-226)=138,4 d

1 mg (Po)

t1/2(Po-210)=1620 y

1 t (U-ore)

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

laboratory work for po separation
Laboratory work for Po -separation___________________________________

U-blend+HCl(aq)

Clhorides in-sollution: U, Th, Pb, Cu, As, Sb, Bi, X +H2S(aq)

Sulphides: Pb, Cu, As, Sb, Bi, X+ (NH4)2S

As &Sb in Sol, while the deposit containsPb, Cu, Bi, X+ NH3(aq)+ HCl(aq)

Cu in sol, in deposit remain hydroxides

Pb, Bi, X+ HCl(aq) + H2S(aq)

Deposit of sulfides : Pb, Bi, X (sublimation at700oC)

Sulfide XS = PoS

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

short term happiness followed by trauma
Short term happiness followed by trauma____________________________

Pierre Curi(1859-1906)

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

the years of loneliness
The years of loneliness ____________________________

…“Broken in pain, I wasn’t feeling ready to face the future. However, I could never forget what my husband said, that even if one day HE IS GONE,

I should continue with our work…”

Picture she inserted in to Pierre’s coffin

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

1906 first woman to establish a laboratory at sorbonne
1906 –First woman to establish a laboratory at Sorbonne____________________________

Andre Debierne the assistant who help the prove that Ra is an element.

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

new deep snow french academy of science curie vs brannlie
New deep snowFrench Academy of ScienceCurie vs. Brannlie____________________________

Weather one female should enter the Academy?

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

victim of a french xenophobia of ultranationalist press
Victim of a French Xenophobia of ultranationalist press_______________________________

Marie is Jewish??!!! Racist analysis of her facial features and the handwriting

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

stigmatization in the media
Stigmatization in the media_______________________________________________________________
  • Time adjusted eruption of the scandal related to her love affaire with Paul Langevain, former Pierre’s bright student.

Paul Langevain

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

victim of sexism gender discrimination in the fas
Victim of sexism (gender discrimination in the FAS)

YES! For Mr. Brannlie

NO! For M-me Curie

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

criteria for election more
Criteria for election (MORE .....).____________________________

Is it that Branlie was appointed to FAS because he was

MORE FRANCH

MORE CHATOLIC

MORE MAN

  • than Marie Sklodowska Curie????

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

1911 exile before the ruthless crucifixion of the public opinion
1911 – Exile before the ruthless “crucifixion” of the public opinion ______________________________________

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

nobel prize in chemistry 1911
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911____________________________

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 was awarded to Marie Curie "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element".

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

new depression
New depression____________________________

Was that a to big snow caused by the the gender chauvinism, anti-Semitism (?), nationalism ???

All of those discriminations at a same time!!??

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

than she was married to the radium laboratory
..Than she was married to the Radium laboratory..____________________________

Irene and Marie Curie

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

slide50

Illness –victim of professional exposure and painful death (1934)_______________________________________________________________________________

Pantheon - Paris

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

pantheon aux grands hommes la patrie reconnaissante to the great men the grateful homeland
PANTHEONAUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE"To the great men, the grateful homeland"

The first woman to be buried

in Pantheon by her own merit

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

the curie unit 1 ci
The Curie Unit (1Ci)_________________________

Activity

  • 1 Ci = 3.7 x 1010 decays in one second

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

the name curie
The name Curie

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

google login page from 07 11 2011
Google – login page from 07.11.2011

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

who was the first female phd in france

The champion in many disciplines

__________________

Who was the first female PhD in France?

Who was the first female Nobel Prize winner?

Who was the first female to establish a lab in Sorbonne?

Who was the first woman professor in France?

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

who was the first to win 2 nobel prizes in different fields
Who was the first to win 2 Nobel prizes in different fields?

Who was a female Nobel Prize Winner be a mother of another female Nobel PW?

Who was so unique to infect the close family to win 6 Nobel Prizes?

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

who won the so many battles against so many different types of discrimination
Who won the so many battles against so many different types of discrimination?__________________________________

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

top 10 most influential scientists of all times pole 2000
Top 10 most influential scientists of all times (pole 2000)__________________________________________________________

Isaac Newton

Luis Pasteur

Albert Einstein

Galileo

Nikola Tesla

Marie Curie

Aristotle

Enrrico Fermi

Paul Dirac

Charles Darwin

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

instead of conclusion
Instead of conclusion

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

it is not really easy to step first
It is not really easy to step first ....

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

but than again it is easier to know that you have followers
... but, than again, it is easier to know that you have followers_________________________________

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012

however this is simply easiest way
However, this is simply easiest way...______________________

The end

Mimoza Ristova -Maria Curie-RAD-2012