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E-Marketing. Chapter 8, p. 415 - 449. Trine & Maiken. Disposition. The '6 Is' of e-marketing Marketing Mix - the 4 Ps of product Online branding - The importance of branding online. The '6 Is' of e-marketing. Interactivity Intelligence Individualization Integration

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e marketing


Chapter 8, p. 415 - 449

Trine & Maiken

  • The '6 Is' of e-marketing
  • Marketing Mix - the 4 Ps of product
  • Online branding - The importance of branding online
the 6 is of e marketing
The '6 Is' of e-marketing
  • Interactivity
  • Intelligence
  • Individualization
  • Integration
  • Industry restructuring
  • Independence of location

"Recognizing the differences between internet and other media is important to achieve success in channel promotion and channel satisfaction and lead to positive channel outcomes and profitability." p. 415


"[...] Interactivity is a key characteristic of the Internet which enables companies to communicate with customers in a new way." p. 415

intelligenc e

—The internet collects marketing research

—The customers perception of products and services

—Every click is beeing recorded


The products are tailored to the individual


Customer relationship


Consider integration of media - how to complement different channels to get customers

Changing channels during the buying process; 'mixed-mode buying' (switching between online/offline)

industry restructuring
Industry restructuring

Disintermediation, reintermediation and countermediation when developing e-marketing strategy

"How do our offerings compare to those of competitors in terms of

features, benefits and price? "

independence of location
Independence of location

The Internet makes it possible to sell to a country without a local

sales or customer service force

The physical shops will still be necessary for some products

marketing mix the 4 ps of product
Marketing Mix - the 4 Ps of product

The marketing mix is applied frequently when developing marketing strategies

It provides a simple framework for varying different elements of the product offering to influence the demand for products within target markets

  • Product
  • Price
  • Place
  • Promotion

There are many alternatives for varying the Product

new digital products = information products - delivered over the web

Some companies only offer a subset of products online

Alternatively, a company may have a fuller catalogue available online

using the Internet to vary the extended product is most practic

Chaffey and Smith (2008) suggest these examples of how the Internet can be used to vary the extended product:

_ Endorsements

_ Awards

_ Testimonies

_ Customer lists

_ Customer comments

_ Warranties

_ Guarantees

_ Money-back offers

_ Customer service (see People, Process and Physical evidence)

_ Incorporating tools to help users during their use of the product.


Refers to an organization's pricing policies, used to define pricing models and to set prices for products.

It's about setting the right price!

For example, to set the price you need to know how many that are demanding for the product.

There is a lot to consider, when defining prices


- The Internet has the greatest implications for Place = global reach

- Issues of trust - most products are still sourced locally

- Apple iTunes

has proved successful in offering this service worldwide.


- Promotion is usually part of a communications strategy

- Selection of target markets, positioning and integration of different communications tools

Two approaches:

Specify the communications techniques required for different stages of the buying process

How the Internet can supplement the range of promotional activities such as advertising, sales promotions, PR and direct marketing.

online branding
Online branding

What is a brand?

"It is the sum of the characteristics of a product or service perceived by a user." (p. 434)

People thinks of branding as the logo - it's dependent on a customer's psychological affinity for a product

Credible brand generates customer value by:

- Reducing perceived risk

- Reducing information search costs

- Creating a favourable, trustworthy perception of the organization Erdem et al (2002)

online branding1
Online branding

A method by which the internet can change branding is that online:

"the first-hand experience of the brand is a more powerful token of trust than the perception of the brand". Jevons and Gabbot (2000)

- Online the customer can interact with the brand