comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs n.
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Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs. The comparative form of an adjective or adverb compares two things. The superlative form of an adjective or adverb compares three of more things. Examples Adjectives. large larger largest

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

The comparative form of an adjective or adverb compares two things.

  • The superlative form of an adjective or adverb compares three of more things.
examples adjectives
Examples Adjectives

large larger largest

The first apple is large.

The second apple is larger than the first.

The third apple is the largest of the three.

slide4

The jalopy is a fast car.

The racecar is the faster car.

The dragster is the fastest car.

rule 1
Rule 1

To form the comparative or superlative

of one syllable words with

more than one vowel OR ending

with more than one consonant at the

add -er OR -est.

rule 2
Rule 2

To form the comparative or

superlative of a one syllable word ending

in e add -r OR -st.

rule 3
Rule 3

To form the comparative or superlative of a one syllable word with one vowel and one consonant at the end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.

rule 4
Rule 4

To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending in y, change the y to i, then add -er OR -est.

rule 5
Rule 5

To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending a vowel-sound that is not stressed then add -er OR -est.

Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –er and –est.

like adjectives some adverbs can take comparative and superlative forms with er and est
Like adjectives some adverbs can take comparative and superlative forms, with -er and -est:  

Sally works hard.

Steve works harder than Sally

Kathy and Sue work the hardest of all.

slide12

The bird sings loudly.

The moose sang louder than the bird.

Pete sang the loudest of them all.

slide14

However, the majority of adverbs do not take these endings. Instead, they form the comparative using more and the superlative using most:  

irregular comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs
Irregular Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs

Some comparative and superlative forms are irregular and do not follow any rules or patterns. These must be memorized.

example
Example:

Nathan made good stew.

Molly's stew was better than Nathan's.

Ezra made the best stew of all.

another rules
Another rules!

for emphasis

For example:

Exams are much easier than they used to be.

another rules1
Another rules!

To compare equal things

For example:

Girls aren’t as keen as boys on science experiments.

another rules2
Another rules!

To show a trend

For example:

The more explosions there were, the more the boys

enjoyed it.

another rules3
Another rules!

When something is more than necessary /not sufficient

For example:

There were too many facts for them to remember.

The teachers weren’t friendly enough for the kids to talk to.

another rules4
Another rules!

To describe cause and effect

For example:

The exams were so difficult that many good students

failed them.

let s practice
LET’S PRACTICE!
  • STUDENT’S BOOK
          • PAGE 55