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Using Annuals for Forage Production. Gary Bates Professor Plant Sciences. Goals for forage program. Graze as much as possible Spend as little money as possible. Yield of tall fescue. Ball and co-workers. 1996. Southern Forages. Annual Forage Species. Warm-season sudex

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using annuals for forage production

Using Annuals for Forage Production

Gary Bates

Professor

Plant Sciences

goals for forage program
Goals for forage program
  • Graze as much as possible
  • Spend as little money as possible
yield of tall fescue
Yield of tall fescue

Ball and co-workers. 1996. Southern Forages

annual forage species
Annual Forage Species

Warm-season

sudex

pearl millet

crabgrass

teffgrass

Cool-season

wheat

annual ryegrass

rye

turnips

using annuals for forage
Using annuals for forage
  • Pros
    • Double crop
    • High quality
    • Selectivity of species
  • Cons
    • Expense
    • Establishment risk
developing a forage program
Developing a forage program
  • Start with tall fescue as base forage
  • Use annuals to fill in production gaps
slide7

warm-season grass

tall fescue

Ball and co-workers. 1996. Southern Forages

warm season forage
Warm-season forage
  • 10-25% of pasture
  • Grazing during June, July, August
  • Allows tall fescue to be rested
yield of tall fescue1
Yield of tall fescue

Ball and co-workers. 1996. Southern Forages

season yield of cool season annuals
Season yield of cool-season annuals

Daniel and co-workers. 1983. NC State Univ. Crop Research Report No. 91.

key principles
Key Principles
  • Use tall fescue as base forage species
      • Red and white clover
      • Stockpile in fall
  • Devote 10-25% of land to a warm-season production
      • Bermudagrass
      • Summer annuals
  • Use cool-season annuals to follow warm-season program
study information

Wheat

Ryegrass

Early - mid Sept

Late - mid Oct

Fall – 0, 60, 90 lb/acre

Spring – 80 lb/acre

Study information
  • Two winter annuals
  • Two dates
  • N Fertilization
effect of overseeding and fall n rate on fall fescue yield
Effect of overseeding and fall N rate on fall fescue yield

Harvested 12/15/01

G. Bates. 2001. Knoxville Experiment Station.

effect of overseeding and fall n rate on spring fescue yield
Effect of overseeding and fall N rate on spring fescue yield

All plots received 80 lb N/acre in late February

Havested 3/15/02

G. Bates. 2001. Knoxville Experiment Station.

key principles1
Key Principles
  • Use tall fescue as base forage species
      • Red and white clover
      • Stockpile in fall
  • Devote 10-25% of land to a warm-season production
      • Bermudagrass
      • Summer annuals
  • Use cool-season annuals to follow warm-season program