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Short Stories Terms & More!. Fiction - Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. PLOT -the sequence of events. 1. Exposition - background information; introduces characters, setting, and basic story 2. Rising Action - introduction of conflict and increase of tension

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Short stories terms more

Short Stories Terms & More!

Fiction - Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events


Plot the sequence of events
PLOT -the sequence of events

  • 1. Exposition - background information; introduces characters, setting, and basic story

  • 2. Rising Action - introduction of conflict and increase of tension

    * Inciting Incident - event that propels main character into problem situation or conflict


Plot continued
PLOT - continued

  • 3. Climax - high point of interest and suspense

  • 4. Falling Action - events that occur as a result of climax

  • 5. Resolution - loose ends are tied up


Conflict a struggle between opposing forces
CONFLICT - a struggle between opposing forces

  • Internal - conflict with self

  • External - conflict with outside source

    a. person vs. person

    b. person vs. society

    c. person vs. nature


Character people or animals that participate in the action
CHARACTER - people or animals that participate in the action

  • 1. Round - many different traits (3D)

  • 2. Flat - one basic trait (2D)

  • 3. Dynamic - changes significantly

  • 4. Static - remains the same

  • 5. Protagonist - main character; readers generally hope she/he succeeds

  • 6. Antagonist - character who opposes main character


Characterization act of creating and developing a character
CHARACTERIZATION - act of creating and developing a character

  • 1. Direct - author directly states character’s traits.

  • 2. Indirect - author shows character’s traits through actions, thoughts, observations, reactions, etc.


Setting time and place of the action
SETTING - charactertime and place of the action

  • 1. Time - past, present, future; specific year, season, or time of day

  • 2. Location - Geographic, social, economic, or cultural environment


Point of view vantage point from which a story is told
POINT OF VIEW - vantage characterpoint from which a story is told

  • 1. First person - storyteller is a character and uses “I”

  • 2. Third person - storyteller reports events and uses “he/she/they”

    • Limited - only includes what can be seen from his/her perspective

      b. Omniscient - includes thoughts and feelings of all characters.


Tone the writer s attitude toward his her audience and subject
TONE - the writer’s attitude charactertoward his/her audience and subject

  • Often the TONE can be described with a single adjective: formal, informal, serious, playful, bitter

  • To figure out TONE try to think about how the author feels. We do this a lot when we think of themes/ messages.


Mood the reader s feeling during or after the work
MOOD - the reader’s characterfeeling during or after the work

  • Often the MOOD is suggested by descriptive details: unnerving, scary, hopeful, pleasant, etc.

  • To figure out the MOOD simply consider how the story made you feel.


Suspense a feeling of tension or nervous uncertainty
SUSPENSE - a feeling of charactertension or nervous uncertainty

  • Created by

    withholdingkey details to understanding the story

    AND

    foreshadowing what may happen later on in the story


Symbol an object that represents an abstract idea
SYMBOL - an object that represents an abstract idea character

  • River --> journey

  • Crown --> Royalty

  • Light --> good

  • Dark --> evil

  • Green --> jealousy


Theme
THEME - character

  • A message from the author to the reader about life; must be expressed as a sentence; should not refer to a specific novel.

  • Examples: One should never take their lives from granted. Some people can never be trusted. Love comes in many different forms. All people deserve to be treated equally. Humans are inherently evil.