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Random Fact of the Day • Charlie Chaplin once lost a Charlie Chaplin look-a-like contest. He failed even to make the finals.
Main Idea • African Americans organized a civil rights movement to gain the equality we have today.
I. Background of the Struggle (113-115) A. After the Civil War, African Americans routinely faced discrimination. B.Discrimination- unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group. Company E, 4th US Colored Infantry. Shown armed with rifles at Fort Lincoln.
C. The social separation of races was called Segregation. ***It would take more than 150 years for African Americans to secure their Civil Rights***
D.Civil Rights-rights of full citizenship and equality under law. E. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) worked through the courts to challenge laws that denied African Americans rights.
F. The National Urban League helped improve opportunities for African American cities. ***Many groups and others built a civil rights movement. It made important gains in President Truman’s policies, and ordered an end to segregation in the armed forces.(1947)***
“Discrimination and segregation in the Armed Forces…is a grave threat…to the internal stability of our nation. Segregation becomes all the more important at a time when the United States should be assuming moral leadership in the world.” –A. Philip Randolph, Civil Rights leader
G.Brown vs. Board of Education(1954)Topeka, Kansas, case ended segregation in public schools. ***It violated the 14th amendment’s principal of equal protection under law.***
H. Dr. King was the main leader during civil rights movement. 1. Believed in non-violent protest 2. Organized marches and boycotts 3. Inspired many with “I have a dream”
J. African Americans staged “sit-ins” at lunch counters that served only whites. ***White and African American “Freedom Riders” rode buses together to protest segregation.*** ***Such protests were met with violence by whites.***
K. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Banned all discrimination!!! *** Prohibited discrimination in public facilities, employment, education, and voter registration.*** L. 24th Amendment outlawed poll taxes. ***The Voting Act of 1965 further protected access of minorities to the polls.***
II.Ongoing Changes (page 115) A.Affirmative Action- programs intended to make up for past discrimination. It encouraged the hiring and promoting of minorities and women, and the admission of more minorities into universities. ***Critics complain that affirmative action programs gave preferential treatment to women and minorities, amounting to discrimination against men and whites.***
***The struggle continues. Many Americans are subject to racial profiling.*** B.Racial Profiling- being singled out because the way you look. Some become victims of hate crimes.
Mini Quiz!!!Bob Marley- Get Up Stand Up 1. The social separation of races….? 2. Helped improve the lives of African Americans in U.S. cities? 3. What is Affirmative Action? Is it controversial…Yes or No? 4. Being singled out because of the way you look? 5. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. believed in what type of protest?