Download
tb mdr tb and xdr tb in south africa n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
TB, MDR-TB and XDR-TB in South Africa PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
TB, MDR-TB and XDR-TB in South Africa

TB, MDR-TB and XDR-TB in South Africa

136 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

TB, MDR-TB and XDR-TB in South Africa

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. TB, MDR-TB and XDR-TB in South Africa October 2006

  2. TB case notification 2005 > 60 000 cases 40 000 – 59 999 cases 20 000 – 29 999 cases 10 000 – 19 999 cases < 9 999 cases

  3. TB incidence in 2005 > 900/100 000 population 700 – 899/100 000 population 500 – 699/100 000 population 300 – 499/100 000 population < 299/100 000 population LP GP MP NW FS KZN NC EC WC

  4. TB Case Notification

  5. Treatment Outcomes

  6. Treatment Outcomes 2004

  7. Estimated MDR-TB burden MRC Drug Resistance Surveillance 2001 -2002

  8. The poor treatment outcomes and increasing resistant TB has led to the declaration of TB as an emergency in the region, in August 2005 • South Africa responded with the “National TB Crisis Management Plan” • The plan focuses on four districts with the highest case loads and poor treatment outcomes

  9. District profiles and targets

  10. Global incidence is rising at 1% due to increases In Africa and E. Europe World exc Afr EEur Africa - high HIV 400 300 Africa - low HIV 200 Estimated TB incidence/100K/yr World E Europe 100 0 1990 1995 2000 2005

  11. XDR-TB – extensive drug resistance XDR = MDR-TB plus resistance to at least 3 of the 6 available classes of second line drugs Of 17,690 isolates from 49 countries during 2000-2004 20% were MDR and 2% were XDR XDR found in: USA: 4% of MDR Latvia: 19% of MDR S Korea: 15% of MDR XDR found in Southern Africa associated with HIV

  12. XDR-TB IN SOUTH AFRICA

  13. Immediate • Conduct survey to determine geographical prevalence • Drug availability – PAS, Capreomycin • Training of clinicians • Dissemination of guidelines in both public and private

  14. Infection control • Address infrastructural problems • Triaging of patients in OPD and wards • Surveillance • Contact tracing • Increase access to microscopy services • Communication strategy • GCIS to source provider

  15. Review current location of M(X)DR TB hospitals and their internal accommodation arrangements

  16. Thank you