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CHRONIC OFFENDERS, PLACES, AND THE 80/20 RULE. OR How We Think It Happened Captain Tim Hegarty Riley County Police Department. Important Points to Keep in Mind. You not going to hear anything new or original Response had been police heavy, community light

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Chronic offenders places and the 80 20 rule



How We Think It Happened

Captain Tim Hegarty

Riley County Police Department

Important points to keep in mind
Important Points to Keep in Mind

  • You not going to hear anything new or original

  • Response had been police heavy, community light

  • The speaker is not particularly “dynamic,” but he sure is opinionated!

  • Chronic offenders and crime places are the real drivers of crime, and how law enforcement chooses to address them should be the topic of conversation at every staff meeting, in every publication, and at every training conference

Crime in manhattan 2004 2008
Crime In Manhattan* 2004-2008

  • Population increased 8.3%

  • Part I Crime increased 17.4%

  • Part I Crime rate increased 8.4%

Crime in manhattan 2009 2010
Crime in Manhattan 2009-2010

  • Population increased .1%

  • Part I Crime decreased 16.7%

  • Part I Crime rate decreased 16.9%

  • (2011 1st Quarter Part I crime down 5.6%)

The mission of the riley county police department 1974 2008
The Mission of the Riley County Police Department 1974-2008

  • To resolve community issues and problems through the fair and equitable exercise of constitutional authority, enforcement of laws, and resolution of conflict, tempered by the use of judgment, discretion and community standards

A significant turning point
A Significant Turning Point

  • August 4, 2006: MARCAN First Friday with Dr. Jerry Ratcliffe

  • What works to prevent crime?

  • The first in a LONG series of memos Crime Reduction Unit.doc

And then another and another and another
And Then Another, And Another, And Another…

  • A new Director in November 2007

  • A new mission in 2008: To Reduce Crime and Improve the Quality of Life for the Citizens We Serve

  • A new book by Jerry Ratcliffe Intelligence-led Policing (9781843923398): Jerry H. Ratcliffe: Books

The 80 20 rule
The 80/20 Rule

  • Pareto Principle Pareto Principle.doc

  • “Million-Dollar Murray” What the Dog Saw: And Other Adventures (9780316075848): Malcolm Gladwell: Books

Targeting repeat offenders
Targeting Repeat Offenders

  • Police Chief Magazine - View Article

  • Cambridge Study in Delinquint Development and The Pittsburgh Youth Study

  • More recently SafeGrowth: Catch and release - Swimming upstream in Vancouver

Targeting high crime places
Targeting High Crime Places

  • Refer to previous shameless plug

  • John Eck’s “Risky Facilities”

  • More recently, Anthony Braga’s study of shootings in Boston Understanding and Preventing Serious Violence in Boston-Hand.pdf

The blueprint for 21 st century policing
The Blueprint for 21st Century Policing

  • A research paper written for Dr. John Jarvis at the FBI National Academy FBI NA\Crime Analysis\Policing for a 21st Century Mission research paper.doc

  • Blueprint adopted by the Riley County Police Department in the fall of 2009

  • Based upon what works in policing to reduce crime

A critical first step
A Critical First Step

  • Securing a research partner with Dr. Sue Williams and the Sociology Department of Kansas State University Sue Williams -  Sociology at Kansas State University

Riley county police department repeat offender program
Riley County Police Department Repeat Offender Program

  • Goal

  • Based upon the Phoenix Repeat Offender Program An Experimental Evaluation of the Phoenix Repeat Offender Program | RAND

  • One supervisor and two detectives

  • Designated prosecutor

  • Heavy reliance on “case enhancement”

  • Specific process for identifying ROP candidates ROP Policy.doc

Institutionalizing rop
Institutionalizing ROP

  • Training from the Phoenix Police Department

  • Training for all sworn officers ROP Problem.doc

  • Regular meetings between ROP team, designated prosecutor, and liaisons from the Patrol Division

  • Constant visual reminders ROP Image.JPG

Ksu s evaluation of rop
KSU’s Evaluation of ROP

  • Preliminary ROP Results.doc

  • Self-reporting, post-sentencing interviews

Riley county police department s operation impact
Riley County Police Department’s Operation Impact

  • The goal: to identify crime hot spots in the community and to reduce the crime in those areas through quality of life enforcement

  • What is quality of life enforcement? Operation Impact Memo.doc

Identifying the hot spots
Identifying the Hot Spots

  • Crime Density.doc

  • Impact Zones.TIF

  • ROP and search warrants.doc

Institutionalizing operation impact
Institutionalizing Operation Impact

  • Training for all for all sworn officers Northeast Impact Zone Problem.doc

  • Monthly Impact Zone reportsAugust 2010 Impact Zone Summary.docx

  • Visual reminders

  • What good are we doing?

Results of operation impact
Results of Operation Impact

  • Part I crime in Manhattan declined 9.4% in 2010

  • Part I crime in the Impact Zone declined 18.4% in 2010

Ksu s evaluation of operation impact
KSU’s Evaluation of Operation Impact

  • Burglary chosen for evaluation

  • 16 total categories

  • 13 categories showed decreases (two remained the same, one increased)

  • Of the 13 categories that showed decreases, 8 were statistically significant

  • Of the 8 comparison categories, 6 showed increases, but none was statistically significant

Final impact zone report
Final Impact Zone Report

  • Year 1 Impact Zone Summary.doc

Other trends 2008 2010
Other trends 2008-2010

  • Calls for service (minus traffic stops) down 3.3%

  • Reports filed down 9.6%

  • Coincidence?

Operation impact 2 0 for 2011
Operation Impact 2.0 for 2011

  • Why the change?

  • Officer input

  • Problem solving also works to reduce crime Evidence-Based Crime Prevention (9780415401029): David Farrington, Doris Layton MacKenzie, Lawrence Sherman, Brandon C. Welsh: Books

  • The ultimate goal: dedicated problem solving team City of Irving - Irving's Record-low Crime Rate

How is operation impact 2 0 working
How is Operation Impact 2.0 Working?

  • Not very damn well!

  • More training and guidance are needed Operation Impact 2.0 Rubric.doc

  • Control and coordination are the biggest obstacles

  • The PTO program should help in the long run Police Society for Problem Based Learning

  • We continue to fail forward

The aggieville safety initiative
The Aggieville Safety Initiative

  • Aggieville is the hottest spot in town Aggieville Crime Problem.xlsx

  • BJA Smart Policing Grant: hot spot policing + SafeGrowth CSI_MetLife_SafeGrowth[1].pdf

What does the future hold
What Does the Future Hold?

  • ROP works. Keep doing it.

  • Hot spot policing works. Keep doing it.

  • Police problem solving works. Keep trying it.

  • What was true on August 4, 2006, is true on May 6, 2011.

In conclusion
In Conclusion…

  • How can the Riley County Police Department’s successes help your agency?

  • Can your agency help with the Riley County Police Department’s failures?


  • 785-537-2112 ext. 2300

  • 895-565-8037 (cell)