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Sui, Tang, Song Dynasties. Period of Disunion. 220-589 CE Period of disunion: the time of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han dynasty. Sui Dynasty. 589-618 Conquered the south and unified China Known for harsh rule : forced peasants who owed taxes to fight in the army

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Period of disunion
Period of Disunion

  • 220-589 CE

  • Period of disunion: the time of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han dynasty


Sui dynasty
Sui Dynasty

  • 589-618

  • Conquered the south and unified China

  • Known for harsh rule: forced peasants who owed taxes to fight in the army

  • Created a centralized and unified state and laid the foundation for the golden age that followed


Sui dynasty achievements
Sui Dynasty-Achievements

  • Repaired and lengthened the Great Wall

  • Provided security from Northern invaderswhich allowed cultural and economic growth

  • Many died while building the wall

  • Those who died were often buried among the walls bricks: giving the nickname “The world’s longest cemetery”


Tang dynasty government
Tang Dynasty-Government

  • 618-907 CE: Golden Age of culture

  • China was the richest most powerful country in the world

  • Conquered Vietnam, Tibet, and Korea as tributary states

  • Rebuilt bureaucracy

  • Civil Service exams: ability not rank


Tang dynasty government1
Tang Dynasty-Government

  • Only dynasty to have a female emperor: Empress Wu Chao

  • After her husband died she decided her sons were not capable of ruling

  • Ruled with an iron fist: if anyone threatened her, they risked being

    killed

  • Chose advisors based on ability

    not rank


Tang dynasty economics
Tang Dynasty-Economics

  • After conquering the west, the Tang were able to reopen the silk road- a system for trade, travel, communication, exchange of ideas

  • Connected China to central Asia and the middle east

  • From China to west: silk, porcelain, jade, tea, paper, printing, farming methods,

    weapons

  • From West to China: glass

    rugs, horses, silver,

    medicine, spices,

    Christianity, Islam


Tang dynasty economics1
Tang Dynasty-Economics

  • Equal Field System- redistributed land to peasants

  • Citizens paid taxes on how much land they received

  • Central Government strengthened: benefited from increased number of taxpayers,limited power of wealthy landowners

  • Benefited commoners and peasants by giving them a chance to gain wealth


Tang dynasty achievements
Tang Dynasty-Achievements

  • Built the Grand Canal, which connected the Yellow river in the north and the Yangzi river in the south

  • Connected northern and southern China

  • Farmers and merchants in the south (rice) used the canal

  • Government and military

    officials could travel and

    watch over citizens

  • Many died while building the canal


Song dynasty government
Song Dynasty-Government

  • 960-1279 CE

  • Song China was limited to provinces south of the Great Wall

  • Strengthened the system of meritocracy-jobs based on ability

  • Stricter civil service exams


Song dynasty economy
Song Dynasty-Economy

  • Chinese farming reached new heights

  • Irrigation techniques

  • Dug underground wells

  • Dragon Backbone pump-light portable pump that allowed farmers to scoop up water and pour it into a canal

  • Amount of land under cultivation increased

  • Discovery of fast ripening rice= 2 or 3 harvests a year


Tang and song technology
Tang and Song-Technology

  • Mechanical Clock (700s)

  • Gunpowder (850)

  • Block Printing (700s)

  • Moveable Type (1040s)


Tang and song culture
Tang and Song-Culture

  • Landscape paintings-influenced by daoism

  • Pagodas: Temples

  • Porcelain

  • Li Bo and Du Fu-famous Chinese poets and Wu Daozi- famous artist lived at this time


Ming brilliant dyansty
Ming (Brilliant) Dyansty

  • Tired of foreign rule

  • Reassert Chinese Greatness-restored civil service, Confucian learning, and bureaucracy

Zhy Yuanzong: Peasant leader that founded Ming dynasty


Ming economics
Ming-Economics

  • Better fertilization=more crops

  • Many new industries and technologies-led to increased output

  • Created blue and white porcelain

  • Better printing methods-led to more books


Zheng he 1405 1433
Zheng He 1405-1433

  • Chinese Admiral

  • Led 7 expeditions: fleet had 62 ships and 25,000 sailors. One ship was 400 feet long

  • Goal: Promote trade, collect tribute, show strength and power of China


Zheng he s travels
Zheng He’s Travels

  • Impressed the


Zheng he
Zheng He

  • Brought back goods, exotic plants and animals, and prisoners of war (people that wouldn’t pay tribute)

  • China opened Imperial Zoo where they kept all of the animals Zheng He brought back to China