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Hot Spot: Madagascar & The Indian Ocean Islands. Addie Laurente Sai Mandalapu Pete Deegan Sydney Gilbert. OVERVIEW. LOCATION: Off the coasts of east Africa; Western part of Indian Ocean; Southern Hemisphere CLIMATE: ranges depending on location

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hot spot madagascar the indian ocean islands

Hot Spot: Madagascar & The Indian Ocean Islands

Addie Laurente

SaiMandalapu

Pete Deegan

Sydney Gilbert

overview
OVERVIEW
  • LOCATION: Off the coasts of east Africa; Western part of Indian Ocean; Southern Hemisphere
  • CLIMATE: ranges depending on location

windy, rainy, hot, and humid

  • RATIO: 32 people/km²: 45 extinct species
  • FUNFACTS:

-Madagascar and continental Seychelles broke off from Gondwanaland supercontinent 160 million years ago

-living example of species evolution in isolation

-do not share any of the typical animal groups of nearby Africa

- world leader in primate endemism and the single highest priority for the conservation of primates

why it s a hot spot
Why it’s a “Hot Spot”
  • natural environment high biodiversity
  • contains large number of endangered species.
  • Endangered Species (that live only here):
    • 8 plant families:
    • 5 primate families
    • 4 bird families
    • 50 + lemur species
unique biodiversity
Unique Biodiversity
  • Of the 13,000 species of plants, 11,600 are endemic.
  • The islands contain 155 species of mammals, 144 of them are endemic.
  • Of the 300 different bird species, 60% are endemic.
  • 384 reptile species are found on the islands and 367 of them are endemic to the area.
  • There are 230 species of amphibians and 229 are endemic.
  • There are 164 species of fish and 97 are endemic.