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  1. 高三备考书面表达专题复习 ----记叙文 By Li Wenqin 2006

  2. 记叙文是对人物活动、经历或事情经过等情况,按照一定的时间顺序来叙述的一种文体。记叙文是对人物活动、经历或事情经过等情况,按照一定的时间顺序来叙述的一种文体。 可分为记事、写人和景物描写等,通过对客观事物的叙述、描写,反映事物的本质,表达作者思想感情,鼓舞教育人们进取向上。

  3. 记叙文的基本要求 1.主题要明确,内容要充实 文章中的故事要有头有尾,要把Who,what,when,where,why等交代清楚。通过对人物、事物和景物的描写,表现出故事的主题和作者的思想感情。 2.层次分明,有条有理 挑选一些典型的事例或细节加以合理的安排,用最简单易行的方法,按时间的先后顺序进行描写. 3.主次分明,详略得当 主题要鲜明,内容真实感人,要抓住典型事例,主要情节详写,次要的少写,不重要的可不写。

  4. 记叙文最常用的是按时间顺序写(要把事情发生的前后次序交代清楚,注意事情的完整性及通顺连贯),记叙文中的事情大都发生在过去,所以常用时态有:一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时。如果加作者的观点,或不强调时间性(如:故事、寓言等)以及记叙经常发生的事情也可用一般现在时及其他各种时态。记叙文最常用的是按时间顺序写(要把事情发生的前后次序交代清楚,注意事情的完整性及通顺连贯),记叙文中的事情大都发生在过去,所以常用时态有:一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、过去将来时。如果加作者的观点,或不强调时间性(如:故事、寓言等)以及记叙经常发生的事情也可用一般现在时及其他各种时态。

  5. 2.看图写作要看懂每一幅画,确定一个完整内容,对画面进行分析组合,确定每一幅画的中心再组句成文。2.看图写作要看懂每一幅画,确定一个完整内容,对画面进行分析组合,确定每一幅画的中心再组句成文。 3.记叙文常包含三个主要部分: 开头段:多是背景的介绍,交代时间、地点、人物等(when, where, who ); 主体段:讲述故事的情节(what),可以由一个或几个段落构成; 结尾段:是对全文进行归纳、总结,得出结论(conclusion)或是故事得结局(result)。

  6. 交代时间,地点,人物,人与人之间的关系开头的句型 • 记事: • One night about nine o’clock , Dr Georgereceived a call from Dr. Jim… • It was after two o’clock in the morning when he…. • This morning I went to a shop to….. • On March 23rd, at 10:15, a terrible accident happened on…. • Last Spring Festival, my parents and I went….

  7. School was over. Wang Min asked Feng Gang to go home together. • On my way to the park, I saw a group of young men…. • 记人: • 1)Mrs Smith, aged 55, has worked for our school for 2year… • 2)Wu Ping, who is a famous young writer, was born in ….. • 3) I have a little niece, who is called Xiao Ping. She has gone to

  8. 3).James Quin is an English teacher, who teaches in China. 4). Liu Haiyang, a student from Chinese top university, badly hunt for…. 5). Once there was a man who wanted to buy himself a pair of shoes. 6). Sun Shuwei is a boy of 14 from Guangdong….. 7). Our English teacher, Ms Yang , came to our school in 1980.

  9. 【佳作欣赏】 • 马克•吐温是美国著名作家。请根据下面提供的内容写一篇人物简介。 词数:100左右。 • 马克•吐温(1835-1910)生于美国Missouri。他是美国19世纪著名的作家之一。他的家乡位于密西西比河畔。成年后,他曾在密西西比河的船上当水手。马克•吐温是他的笔名。 • 他写过很多小说,其中最著名的是《汤姆索耶历险记》。他的作品被译成多国文字,深受全世界读者喜爱。

  10. Mark Twain(1835-1910), one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century, was born in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. Mark Twain‘s hometown lay on the banks of the Mississippi River, where he spent his childhood.When he grew up,he worked as a sailor on a riverboat for some time. Mark Twain was his pen name. Mark Twain wrote a lot of novels, one of which is The Adventure of Tom Sawyer, the masterpiece which brought him fame and honor. Some of his writings have been translated into many languages. He and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world.

  11. 点评: (1) 本文为人物简介,共分三段,层层深入地把马克•吐温一生的重大事情表达得清清楚楚。文章的时态主要用过去时,最后两句与现在有关,因此用了现在完成时和一般现在时。 (2)文章简洁明了,第一句以一个带有同位语的句子代替两个简单句,使句子简练。第二、三段的第一句中分别用了定语从句,使句子缩短,避免冗长。

  12. 假如你参加了一次植树活动,请根据以下内容写一篇短文。要求包括:时间、天气、参加者(你的老师、同学们)、植树地点及棵数、劳动场面及表现突出的人物、感想。假如你参加了一次植树活动,请根据以下内容写一篇短文。要求包括:时间、天气、参加者(你的老师、同学们)、植树地点及棵数、劳动场面及表现突出的人物、感想。 注意使用以下词语:go all out 鼓足干劲;be afraid of falling behind 害怕落后;set an example to sb树立榜样;in spite of 尽管;ahead of time 提前。 词数:120左右。

  13. Planting Trees It was fine on April 8, 2003. That day all the students in our class went to the suburb of our city to plant trees. On arriving at the planting place at 8 o'clock, the teacher asked each of us to plant 5 trees at least. Then we set about digging, planting and watering. All of us were going all out to finish our task, afraid of falling behind. Among us, our monitor set a good example to us. In spite of his illness, he accepted his task and finished it ahead of time.Then he went on to help others without a little rest. After work, he was wet all over. He looked pale, but he was full of joy. Looking at the lines of the young trees, we smiled pleasantly, forgetting our tiredness.

  14. 点评: (1) 文章记叙了2003年4月8日种树的情况,因此全文用过去时。第一段交代清楚这次活动的时间、地点和参加的人员。第二段按提示的要求叙述植树的过程。 (2) 用短语“On arriving at…”,来表示时间,比用时间状语从句“As soon as we arrived at…”要简练得多。 (3) 用 In spite of his illness, without a little rest 替代从句或简单句,使句子更加生动。

  15. 一、重新安排语序,使其成为结构合理,内容详尽的记叙文。一、重新安排语序,使其成为结构合理,内容详尽的记叙文。 Exercises:

  16. A.She got up before 7 o'clock in the morning, and quickly washed her hands and face. B:Wei Hua's pen was broken, so she needed a new one. C:Wei Hua had a busy day yesterday. D.She had a little rest after lunch, but she worked hard in class all day. E.On her way home she bought a new pen at a shop. F.After that she helped her parents. G.She quickly cooked the supper and cleaned the house. H.When she reached home, she had a short rest and a glass of water. I.She got to school early. J.She played basketball after school, and then walked home. K.She watched TV for half an hour after supper. L.She went to bed before a quarter to ten. M.She finished it at half past nine. N.Then she started her homework. D B E C A I G N J H F K M L → → → → → → → → → → → → →

  17. 根据下列内容提示写一篇短文,字数100字左右。根据下列内容提示写一篇短文,字数100字左右。 • (1) 今天下午在多功能教室(multi-functional classroom)举办了题为“挑战未来”的英语演讲比赛。 • (2)听完演讲的感想及今后的打算。

  18. 写作步骤: • 第一步: • 1.确定文章的基本时态 : 一般过去式 • 2.根据所给提示基本上可以确定文章可分为: 两个自然段

  19. 第二步: 列出一些与文章大意有关的词或短语。 an English lecture competition, the multi-functional classroom, hold, challenge the future, title, fluent English, ashamed, study hard to improve my English

  20. 第三步: • 将这些关键词串联成句、组成文,完成后仔细检查是否有错误。 This afternoon an English lecture competition, whose title is Challenge the Future, was held in the multi-functional classroom. The competitors gave wonderful lectures in fluent English and won thunderous applauses. • Compared with their English, I felt ashamed of my poor English. So I've made up my mind to study hard and I'm sure I can speak English as well as they do someday.

  21. 上学期你参加了地理小组的研究性学习。你们研究的课题是:环境污染与环境保护。在研究过程中你们还拍了一些照片,借以反映目前的环境污染情况。请你通过描述这几处图片中的场景,说明环境的重要性并号召人们保护好环境。上学期你参加了地理小组的研究性学习。你们研究的课题是:环境污染与环境保护。在研究过程中你们还拍了一些照片,借以反映目前的环境污染情况。请你通过描述这几处图片中的场景,说明环境的重要性并号召人们保护好环境。 注意: 1)你的陈述中必须包括所有图画内容,可以适当增加,使文段连贯; 2)词数100个左右; 3)开头已为你写好。

  22. One possible version: Last term I took part in a geography research study group. Our topic was environmental pollution and protection. We tooka variety ofpictures showing the present pollution conditions of our city. To our surprise, there are still a lot of people doing silly things to our surroundings. Some people throw rubbish anywherethey like, some cars give off harmful gases, and waste water is poured into the rivers by some factories. Worse still ,people sometimes have to make their way through dusty winds as a result of the pollution. Through our research, we come to know that everybody must pay much attention to our environment and some measures should be taken to protect it.(97 words)

  23. Homework 请用英语简要写出“郑人买履”这则寓言故事的大意,词数120左右。 郑国某人自量脚长后,去集市买鞋,忘带尺度,回家取,再去时集市已散。有人问:“为何不用脚试之?”答曰:“宁信尺度,不信自己的脚。”

  24. Buying a Pair of Shoes A man in the State of Zheng decided to buy himself a pair of shoes. He measured his feet but left the measure on his seat, and went to the market without it. When he found the shoes he wanted, he gave an exclamation of dismay:" Why, I forgot to bring the measurement!"He hurried home to fetch it.By the time he got back to the market, the fair was over; so he failed to buy his shoes." Why didn't you try the shoes on?" someone asked him." I trust the ruler more than my feet," was his reply.

  25. 今天是世界地球日(4月22日),你们学校举办了各种活动纪念这一天。今天是世界地球日(4月22日),你们学校举办了各种活动纪念这一天。 根据图画内容写一篇短文,记述你们在这一天的活动。 生词:endangered (濒危的)

  26. 要点: 1. 4月22日是地球日,我们学校组织了很多活动。 2. 一些人种树;一些人拣垃圾。 3. 许多人为保护森林及濒危动物捐款。 4. 一些学生向过路人宣传保护环境的重要性。 5. 已破坏的环境(森林被砍伐;野生动物被杀……) 6. 告诉人们我们只有一个地球。

  27. Thank you!

  28. Possible version: April 22th is the earth day. Our school has organized a lot of activities to improve our environment. In the morning some of us planted trees. Some picked up rubbish in the neighborhood or parks. Most of us also gave money to organizations that help to save forests and endangered animals. Several groups of the students went to the streets, telling the passers-by how seriously our earth is damaged. Many rain forests are disappearing. A lot of wild animals are killed. By doing all these we would like everybody to know that we have only one earth and we should protect it. (102words)

  29. 为了丰富写作内容,熟练写作技巧,平时多读些与课本难度相近的短文、故事等,对你提高写作水平,强化基础知识是有必要的。为了丰富写作内容,熟练写作技巧,平时多读些与课本难度相近的短文、故事等,对你提高写作水平,强化基础知识是有必要的。