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Breast Cancer. By Rachel, Xiao Xia, Helen. I ntroduction. Definition Symptoms Causes Prevention. Treatment Prognosis Statistics Conclusion. Breast Cancer. A group of diseases in which cells in the body grow, change, and multiply out of control

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breast cancer

Breast Cancer


Rachel, Xiao Xia, Helen

i ntroduction
  • Definition
  • Symptoms
  • Causes
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Prognosis
  • Statistics
  • Conclusion
breast cancer1
Breast Cancer
  • A group of diseases in which cells in the body grow, change, and multiply out of control
  • Usually, cancer is named after the body part in which it originated
  • The term breast cancer refers to a malignant tumour that has developed from cells in the breast
symptoms of breast cancer
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
  • New lumps or thickening in the breast or under the arm
  • Breast lumps
  • Nipple soreness or breast pain
  • Nipple discharge or turning in
  • Rash or red swollen breasts
  • Swelling of all part of the breast
  • Skin irritation or dimpling
causes of breast cancer
Causes of Breast Cancer
  • Gender: 100 times more common in women than men
  • Age: chance of getting breast cancer goes up when 55 or older
  • Genetic risk factors: 5%-10% of breast cancer are linked to genes
  • Family history: higher among women whose close blood relatives have this disease
  • For women who are at extremely high risk of developing breast cancer
  • both breast removed
  • taking medicines that block the effect of estrogen in the body
  • For most women:
  • Regular check up
  • Reducing long-term use of hormone therapy for symptoms of menopause.
  • Lifestyle factors that can reduce risk
  • Stay physically active
  • Limit alcohol
  • Limiting fat in your diet and maintain a healthy weight

Breast cancer treatment can include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Hormonal therapies
  • A specific drug for particular type of breast cancer
the aim of treatments
The aim of treatments
  • To remove the breast cancer
  • Destroy any cancer cells that may remain in the breast and surrounding area
  • Destroy any cancer cells that may have spread outside the breast
what treatments are available
What treatments are available
  • Depending on a number of factors and the stage of the cancer
  • Degree of potential aggressiveness of the cells
  • The most extensive surgical option is to remove the breast and lymph nodes under the arm
  • Combination treatments
prognosis of breast cancer
Prognosis of breast cancer
  • Outcome of breast cancer
  • Duration of breast cancer
  • Chances of complications
  • Prospects for recovery
  • Survival rates, death rates
chance of recovery
  • Stages
  • Types
  • Characteristics of cancer cells
  • Whether the cancer is found in your other breast
  • Age, weight, Menopausal status
  • General health
recurrence of breast cancer
Recurrence of breast cancer:
  • One of every 10 patients who are treated with lumpectomy and radiation therapy will have a recurrence of breast cancer in the same breast within 12 years.
  • Fear of recurrence of breast cancer is the reason why many women prefer a mastectomy to a lumpectomy.
  • Currently 36 women in Australia are diagnosed with breast cancer everyday.
  • Indigenous women are less likely to be diagnosed than non-indigenous women in 2002-2006.
  • The average age of first diagnosis was 60 years old for a woman in 2006.
  • The most common cause of cancer related to death in women.
  • Early detection and screening is vital.
  • Breast self-examination is important but it should not substituted for screening tests.
  • Maintain a healthy weight, add exercise into our routine.
  • Limit alcohol intake and non-smoking.