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The Surveillance Service in the Barents Sea – closure and opening of areas on real time basis

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  1. The Surveillance Service in the Barents Sea – closure and opening of areas on real time basis By Bjarne Schultz Senior Adviser DGFISH and RAC’s study tour to Tromsø, 20 – 22 June 2007

  2. NORWAY: Population: 4,479 million Mainland: 323.810 sq.km Svalbard: 62.700 sq.km Jan Mayen: 380 sq.km Mainland coastline: 21.347 km Coastline of island 35.662 km Total coastline: 57.009 km Mainland EEZ: 968.700 sq.km Svalbard FPZ: 804.000 sq.km Jan Mayen FZ: 296.600 sq.km Fishery Protection Zone around Spitsbergen International waters Greenland Fishery Zone around Jan Mayen Norway’s Economical Zone Iceland Russia Faeroe Islands Norway Sweden Atlantic Ocean Ireland Great Britain

  3. “Measures taking care of juveniles” • ”Toolbox” - what’s in it?? • The Surveillance Service • Inspectors at sea • Gear Technology • The Coastguard • Temporarily closure and opening of areas • The Surveillance Service • Permanent closure of areas

  4. Table of Contents • History • Goals • Organisation • Procedures closing and opening of areas • Field Work • Effect of closing and opening of areas • Future ambitions

  5. History

  6. History • January 1984 • Temporarily Organisation • Coastal areas in northern part of Norway, The Barents Sea and Fishery Protection Zone around Spitzbergen • Increasing activity over time • Still the same basic principle as in January 1984

  7. History cont. • The basic principe are that closing and opening of areas shall be based on scientific research • Vessel used shall be representative fore the group of vessels get in to touch with the decision • The Surveillance Service is an dynamic tool which take in to account the stock variations • Equal treatment - norwegian and foreign vessels

  8. Goals

  9. Goals • The activity in balance with national and international challenges • The biggest challenge is to create national and international legitimate fore the Surveillance Service’s job • High professional integrity is needed

  10. Goals cont.. • Why success; • The vessels are representative and have confidence in the industry • scientific methodology • closed areas are controlled in an acceptable time frame • equal treatment

  11. Organisation

  12. The Surveillance Service today • Localized as an section in Region Troms • At the office - a Head of Section and one adviser • 17 inspectors • The Directorate of Fisheries - The Control Section • Budget (salaries, travelling, etc..) ca NOK 20 mill

  13. The Surveillance Service today cont. • Hiring vessels - scientific quota as payment • The inspectors have knowledge as fishingskippers, mates or inspectors from the Coastguard

  14. The Surveillance Service • Main duties • monitor intermixture of fish/shellfish under minimum size (trawl, danish seine, purse seine and longline) • monitor bycatch in the deep sea shrimp fishery • monitor bycatch in purse seine fisheries • Other duties • collecting samples for analysis of fish from the Barents Sea (nutrition)

  15. Future challenges • ”Precautionary approach” and ”worst case” • Biological changes • Development of Gear Technology • Grid sorting systems • Square mesh • T 90 • Flexibility in planning and use of manpower

  16. Vessels • Following vessels in 2007 • 3 deep sea cod trawlers • 2 deep sea shrimp trawlers • 4 danish seiners (fly-draggers) • 2 express vessels (when needed)

  17. J.Bergvoll Build: 2000, Loa: 57,3 m, HP 3900

  18. Andenesfisk I Build: 1996, Loa: 54,2 m, HP 3587

  19. Hermes Build: 2001, Loa: 55,0 m, HP 5200

  20. Hopen Build: 2001, Loa: 66,4 m, HP 7402

  21. Eilifson Build: 1996, Loa: 40,0 m, HP 2176

  22. Heidi-Anita Build: 1988, Loa: 21,29 m, HP 653

  23. Stålegg Build: 2001, Loa: 27,43 m, HP 1020

  24. Nymodena Build: 1988, Loa: 21,75 m, HP 624

  25. Geir-Roger Build: 1969, Loa: 27,4 m, HP 575

  26. Stortind Build: 1997 Loa: 18,00 m, HP 2x 800

  27. Royal Wiking Build: 1997, Loa: 15,3 m, HP 2x600

  28. Procedures closure and opening of areas

  29. Criteria for closing and opening of areas • Cod Fisheries (NEZ) • 15 % in number of intermixture of juveniles of cod, haddock and saithe • Cod Fisheries (Fishery Protection Zone around Spitzbergen) • 15 % in number of intermixture of juveniles of cod and haddock • Deep Sea Shrimps Fisheries (both NEZ and Fishery Protection Zone around Spitzbergen) • 10% in weight of intermixture of juveniles (Pandalus) • Bycatch • Cod; 8 pr. 10 kg of shrimps • Haddock; 20 pr. 10 kg of shrimps • Greenland Halibut; 3 pr. 10 kg of shrimps • Redfish; 3 pr. 10 kg of shrimps

  30. Frames for closure and opening of areas • Common guidelines between Norway and Russia regarding closure and opening of areas for demersal species and shrimps (pandalus) • The legal basis fore closure and opening of areas is in the Salt Water Act, § 4

  31. Procedures ”step by step” • ”Mapping” of species and size distribution • Continuously information from the inspectors to the staff at the office • Similar information from the Coastguard • Sufficient information - the unit propose to the Director General an area fore closing or opening

  32. Procedures ”step by step” cont.. • Closure or opening - come in to force • norwegian vessels...2-4 hours • foreign vessels…. Time of notice 7 days • The Coastguard parallelly request vessels do not to fish in the closed area or inform about the opening of an area

  33. Closed Areas 02.04.2007

  34. Closed Areas Deep Sea Trawling and Danish Seine fore cod, Spring 2007

  35. Closed Ares fore Danish Seine 02.05.07

  36. Statistics - Closure and opening of areas

  37. Data Collection 2006 The Surveillance Service

  38. Data to the Institute of Marine Research (IMR) • Electronically measuring of the fish length • Collected information to IMR • Collected data into IMR’s database used for assessment • Status as commercial data in the assessment work

  39. Number of stations distributed on gear type

  40. Number of fish measured distribution by gear types

  41. All Stations 2006

  42. All Stations 1. quarter

  43. All Stations 2.quarter

  44. All Stations 3.quarter

  45. All Stations 4.quarter

  46. Cod Fisheries 2006

  47. Cod Fisheries 1.quarter

  48. Cod Fisheries 2.quarter

  49. Cod Fisheries 3.quarter

  50. Cod Fisheries 4.quarter