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Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century. Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities . Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

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Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

slide3

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

slide5

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

slide6

The University of Bologna, which lays claim to being the first university in Europe.

(Unlike the University of Paris, another very early university,

here the students rather than the teachers ran the school!)

slide8

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

slide9

7 liberal arts:

trivium: grammar, rhetoric & logic

quadrivium: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy & music

slide10

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

slide11

Form letter for an Oxford student requesting money

(from a medieval handbook)

B. to his venerable master A., greeting.

This is to inform you that I am studying at Oxford with the greatest diligence, but the matter of money stands greatly in the way of my promotion, as it is now two months since I spent the last of what you sent me. The city is expensive and makes many demands; I have to rent lodgings, buy necessaries, and provide for many other things which I cannot now specify. Wherefore I respectfully beg your paternity that by the promptings of divine pity you may assist me, so that I may be able to complete what I have well begun.

slide12

Letter from Medieval Father to his Son, a Student

P. of Besançon sends greetings with paternal zeal... I have recently discovered that you live dissolutely and slothfully, preferring license to restraint and play to work and strumming a guitar while the others are at their studies, whence it happens that you have read but one volume of law while your more industrious companions have read several. Wherefore I have decided to exhort you herewith to repent utterly of your dissolute and careless ways, that you may no longer be called a waster and your shame may be turned to good repute.

slide13

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

slide14

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

slide15

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

slide16

“Nor do I seek to understand that I may believe, but I believe that I may understand. For this too I believe, that unless I first believe, I shall not understand.”

-Anselm of Canterbury

fides quaerens intellectum

(faith seeking understanding)

slide17

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Peter Abelard (1079-1142)

slide18

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

slide19

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

A. Rise of the Cistercian Order

slide22

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

A. Rise of the Cistercian Order

B. Bernard of Clairvaux

slide24

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

A. Rise of the Cistercian Order

B. Bernard of Clairvaux

1. Mystical Union

slide25

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

A. Rise of the Cistercian Order

B. Bernard of Clairvaux

1. Mystical Union 2. Humanity of Christ and Mary

slide26

Bernard receiving milk from the breast of the Virgin Mary.

The scene is a legend which allegedly took place at Speyer Cathedral in 1146.

slide27

Learning, Culture & Spiritual Ideals in the Twelfth Century

I. New Schools: Cathedral Schools & Rise of Universities

A. Origins

B. 2 Models (Bologna & Paris)

C. Curriculum & Instruction

D. Students

II. New Tools: The Rise of Scholastic Method

A. Dialectic

B. Anselm (c.1033-1109)

C. Abelard (1079-1142)

III. New Rules & New Spiritual Ideals

A. Rise of the Cistercian Order

B. Bernard of Clairvaux

1. Mystical Union 2. Humanity of Christ and Mary