Web Basic Prepared by: G. M. Shaharia Azam email@example.com http://www.shahariaazam.com
Basically how a website work? Step 01: Type a domain name in your browser Step 02: It will search it’s own name server / DNS (Domain name server) where your domain name is hosted Step 03: Domain will request your targeted page / file Or content from your hosting server directory Step 04: Hosting Server will examine your request & Execute your request & will return your content
Requirements for a website • Domain name registration • Website hosting • Website planning • Website Development • Content management remotely with FTP (File Transfer Protocol) • Website monitoring
What is Domain Name? • Domain name is an online identity which deserves your uniqueness. Domain name is always unique. Every website has a domain name that address the website’s name & identity. YourDesiredName.DomainNameExtension i.e: google.com
Domain name registration • To buy or register a domain name you have to go to any domain reseller or domain seller. i.e: hdwebprovider, previewict, namecheap, enom etc. • Your desired domain name must be unique name & it must be available for registration. • .com/.net/.org etc. is the domain name ext. You can also buy TLD (Top level domain / country domain) such as .bd/.in./.us/.mil etc… • Domain name price vary with various domain extension & domain seller. (i.e: 9.69 USD for .com domain)
Website Hosting • To build a website you must buy a hosting space where all of your website content will be stored & accessible from anywhere anytime. • Hosting server are many types: major two types are ‘Linux Hosting’ & ‘Windows Hosting’. PHP is specialized for Linux hosting, ASP is for Windows hosting. Because it is too hard to host ASP & PHP in same server. PHP is more & more popular. So Linux Hosting may be your best choice. It is also better for greatest security.
Interaction with Hosting Server • When you will buy a hosting server from any web hosting company, they will give a specific web space where you can store your file. Just as like as your HDD (Hard Disk Space) just this server PC is always available for everybody. • You will get access into your hosting server (your allocated hosting space) by the login credentials that is given by hosting company. • You can download & upload all of your website contents, scripts & files into your hosting directory by FTP (File Transfer Protocol) client. i.e: FileZilla, WS_FTP etc..
Website Monitoring • To increase or development your most known security issue you can regularly monitor your website with various tools or application such as cPanel.
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