key political leaders and their policies in great britain
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Key Political Leaders and Their Policies in Great Britain

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Key Political Leaders and Their Policies in Great Britain. JON, GLEN, JACKIE, ANDREA, NATHALIE. Multi-Party System. Since 1920’s, Great Britain has been a multi-party system due to its two largest political parties: Conservative Party Labour Party

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multi party system
Multi-Party System
  • Since 1920’s, Great Britain has been a multi-party system due to its two largest political parties:
    • Conservative Party
    • Labour Party
      • Before the labour party, was the liberal party
  • First-past-the-post system maintains the dominance of these two parties
    • Means that the winner of the election is the one with the most votes, not by majority rules.
  • Now, they rely on the 3rd significant party, the Liberal Democrats
conservative party right wing
Conservative Party (Right Wing)
  • Also known as the TORIES
  • The Conservative Party was formed around the 1830’s
  • Benjamin Disraeli was the first to transform the Conservative Party
    • Main focus for the political policies was a patriotic potential people’s party
    • Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, and many other fellow conservatives during this time defended the national traditions and institutions
  • Strived for Economic Liberalization
    • They wanted less control from the gov’t on the economy

(Free markets, free trade, etc.)

    • Margaret Thatcher was a main motivator for Economic Liberalism
conservative party
Conservative Party

Party Factions

  • One Nation Conservatives
    • Thatcherism
      • Promotes low inflation, privatization, and not labour movement
      • Closely related to Reaganomics
    • One-Nation Conservatism is a belief in social cohesion, and its adherents support social institutions that maintain harmony between different interest groups

Free-Market Conservatives

    • Wanted to reduce role of the gov’t in the economy

Traditionalist Conservatives

    • Traditional Structure
labour party centre left
Labour Party (Centre-Left)
  • Social Democratic Political Party
  • The Labour Party is a centre ground Political Party, but hold some left wing beliefs such as:
    • Redistribution of Wealth
    • Public Spending
    • Heavy taxation & Increasing Worker’s Rights

The Labour Party was formed because the unification of many working people wanted to change the British Parliament to represent the interests of everybody

  • Labour Party Prime Ministers
    • Ramsay MacDonald
      • Dealt with the a world economic crisis of rising unemployment
    • Tony Blair
      • Introduced a National Minimum Wage during his term, helped unemployment rates, and education in primary schools
    • Gordon Brown
the liberal democrats radical centre
The Liberal Democrats (Radical Centre)
  • Social Liberal Political Party
    • Supports constitutional reform, electoral reform, progressive taxation, environmentalism, human rights laws, etc.
    • Believe in rebalancing the tax system
  • The Liberal Democrats Party was formed in 1988 as the Liberal Party was merged with the Social Democratic Party
  • The policies of the Liberal Democrats are similar to Liberalism
  • Liberal Democrat Prime Ministers
    • Paddy Ashdown
    • Nick Clegg
  • This significant 3rd party is used to even out the competition and dominance
Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990)
    • Became prime minister under Conservative Party
      • Britain was previously under 15 years of inflation, rising unemployment, and having to eat out of the hand of the IMF
      • Won three successive election victories
    • Known as the “Iron Lady” for her opposition to the Soviet Union
political leaders
Political Leaders
  • Economic Policy
    • Decreased direct taxes on income and increased indirect taxes
    • Increased interest rates to curb inflation
    • Reduced expenditure on social services
    • Inflation reduced from 18% to 8.6% by 1982; overall economic growth (despite unemployment)
    • Privatized many industries, increasing their performance
      • Lower costs for consumers, more efficiency
John Major (1990-1997)
    • Became prime minister under Conservative Party
    • Served as prime minister during the Gulf War
    • Was brought down by a series of sleaze scandals
      • Some might argue that his social destruction was planned to push Tony Blair into power
Tony Blair (1997-2007)
    • Became Prime Minister under Labour Party
    • Known for support of man-made climate change fraud, the never-ending “War on Terror”, and for the vast sums he netted during his career.
political leaders1
Political Leaders
  • Tony Blair and Climate Fraud
    • Vehicle for climate change = ‘The Climate Group’
      • Mixture of banking, media, corporate, and advertising executives
      • Extremely well-funded
political leaders2
Political Leaders
  • Tony Blair and the “War on Terror”
    • In his first 6 years in office he ordered British troops into battle 5 times
      • More than any other prime minister in British history
    • Supported the foreign policy of George Bush
    • Found guilty (along with Bush) of war crimes by a War Crimes Tribunal in Malaysia
political leaders3
Political Leaders
  • Other interesting facts
    • Gave up part of the rebate won from the EU by Margaret Thatcher
      • Cut it by 20% from 2007 – 2013 (has cost 4 billion pounds as of 2011)
    • Has said that he needs at least 5 million pounds per year to fund his lifestyle
    • Attended 1993 Bilderberg meeting in Athens
Gordon Brown (2007-2010)
    • Became prime minister under the New Labour Party
    • Supports the myth of man-made climate change
    • Championed Big Brother and police state
    • Attended the 1991 Bilderberg meeting
    • Contributed to the wrecking of Britain’s economy
political leaders4
Political Leaders
  • Economic Destruction
    • Sold off more than half of Britain’s gold reserves, after which the price of gold tripled (and has continued to increase)
      • Cost the taxpayers approximately $4.8 billion
    • Pledged to overhaul the IMF
    • Largely blamed for economic recession in Britain
David Cameron (2010-present)
    • Fairly new prime minister
    • Elected under Conservative Party
    • Involved in the phone-hacking scandal; employed an ex-News Corp editor into his administration
    • Was in favor of selling off patients’ medical data to private research firms
the royal family
The Royal Family
  • The true power in Britain lies not in the Prime Minister, nor even the Parliament, but in the Royal Family itself.
    • Prime Ministers are not truly elected. The Queen simply “appoints” whoever wins the election.
    • The Queen has suspended or dissolved Parliament multiple times.
  • The Royal Family has also been proven to have Nazi connections
    • Their real name is not the House of Windsor, but actually the House of Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha (German)
  • Britain has multi-century corruption to deal with
  • Prime ministers must be more heavily scrutinized by public
  • Britain must completely pull itself out of bondage to the EU and the IMF if it ever wants to prosper economically
  • The Royal Family must be dealt with
  • “It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it; consequently, the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using the word if it were tied down to any one meaning.” - George Orwell