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Japan Modernizes. Structure. Shoguns- military dictators Daimyo help shoguns control. http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/rise\_fall\_canton\_04/cw\_gal\_02\_thumb.html. Tokugawa Period. * Feudalism returns * Closed Japan * Forbade overseas travel

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structure
Structure

Shoguns- military dictators

Daimyo help shoguns control

http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/rise_fall_canton_04/cw_gal_02_thumb.html

tokugawa period
Tokugawa Period

* Feudalism returns

* Closed Japan

* Forbade overseas

travel

* Nagasaki- only Dutch allowed limited trade

http://www.japanirelandtravel.ie/download/1/Tokugawa-Period.jpg

development strains society
Development Strains Society

* Daimyo wealth in land, need $ in commercial society, samurai too

* Merchants- bottom of society

* Peasants- heavy taxes

external pressure
External Pressure

http://www.history.navy.mil/pics/perry_mc_front.jpg

slide6
http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

http://www.tailordave.com/images/Stories/5/2.jpg

http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/images/august07/Shogun3.jpg

slide7
http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/opium.gif

http://www.tailordave.com/images/Stories/5/2.jpg

I remember the Chinese losing to the British.

I don’t want that to happen!

http://www.rockpapershotgun.com/images/august07/Shogun3.jpg

commodore matthew perry
Commodore Matthew Perry
  • July 1853 sails into Tokyo on Pres. Fillmore’s order
  • Demands Japan open diplomatic & commercial exchange

http://mysite.du.edu/~ttyler/ploughboy/perryphoto.jpg

what to do
What to do?

http://aboutjapan.japansociety.org/resources/category/1/6/2/6/images/BE060529.jpg

treaty of kanagawa 1854
Treaty of Kanagawa, 1854
  • Open two ports to Americans
  • U.S. later wins other rights
    • Extraterritoriality
    • Low taxes on U.S. imports
    • Euro soon follow too
  • Japanese humiliated

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/treaty_of_kanagawa/treaty_images.html

review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor1
Q: What problems weakened shogun rule in Japan mid-1800s?

Q: What caused Japan to end over 200 years of seclusion?

A: Financial hardship, social resentment, taxes, corruption

A: A display of power by the U.S.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.
daimyo samurai lead revolt
Daimyo & samurai lead revolt

http://media.photobucket.com/image/tokugawa%20%20daimyo/opiepippo/samurai.jpg

emperor mutshito meiji
Emperor Mutshito- “Meiji”
  • 1868- 1912
    • Meiji Restoration
  • “A rich country, a strong military”
  • Study Western ways, adopt to Japan

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Meiji

modern govt
Modern Govt
  • 1889- Meiji Const.
  • Emperor- abs pwr
  • Diet- Legislature
    • Elected house
    • House appointed by emperor
  • Lmtd voting
  • End samurai- all men subject to military

http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/throwing_off_asia_01/toa_essay02.html

industrialization
Industrialization
  • Modernize
  • Gov build factory & sell to wealthy to develop
  • Zaibatsu- banking/industry families
  • Pop grows, cities too
  • Homogenous society emerges
sino japanese war
Sino- Japanese War

1894

  • China- more resources
  • Japan- modernized
  • Japan wins
    • Gets control of Taiwan from China

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Sino-Japanese_War

korea in the middle
Korea in the Middle
  • Tributary state (independent, but acknowledges supremacy of stronger state-China)
  • Japan eyes Korea
    • Forces K to open ports to Japan

http://www.worldtimelines.org.uk/resources/assets//M/ms_korea_4776.gif

russo japanese war
Russo- Japanese War

http://www.shs.d211.org/socialstudies/faculty/hxm/Russo_japanese_cartoons%5B1%5D.jpg

russo japanese war 1904
Russo-Japanese War, 1904
  • Japan defeats Russians in Manchuria
  • Asian beats Euro!

http://www.warchat.org/pictures/russo-japanese_war.jpg

slide22
This political cartoon, intended for foreign distribution, was published by Japan a month after the start of the war. Entitled "A Humorous Diplomatic Atlas of Europe and Asia," it depicts Russia as a "black octopus."

http://www.bigredhair.com/boilerplate/soldier/bp.octopus.tn.jpg

treaty of portsmouth
Treaty of Portsmouth
  • Japan controls Korea & Manchuria

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Portsmouth

japan rules korea
Japan Rules Korea
  • Protectorate – annex
  • Developed
  • Harsh rule
  • Protest/nationalist mvmt
    • March First Movement (est. 1919)
  • Early 1900s- Japan dominates Asia
review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor2
Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.
review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor3
A1: Japan est a Western-style govt

This strengthened the military

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.
review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor4
A2: Japan built modern factories

This boosted the economy

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.
review copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor5
A3: Japan ended legal distinctions among classes

This allowed more people to work toward nation-building

Q: List three ways in which Japan modernized. Explain how each of these actions helped strengthen Japan so it could resist Western pressure.

Review: Copy the question and discuss the answer with a neighbor.
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