The Middle Colonies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Middle Colonies

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  1. The Middle Colonies

  2. Geography • Four states make up the Middle Colonies • New York • Pennsylvania • New Jersey • Delaware • Warmer climate than New England with longer growing season

  3. New York • Began as Dutch colony of New Amsterdam • Economic success! • Famers were prosperous • Base of fur trade between Dutch and Native Americans • Traded with British colonies • Small Dutch population • Colonists were from France, Sweden, Portugal • English Puritans on Long Island

  4. New York • Tension between England and Netherlands • Trade rivals • Arrangement of colonies • 1664 King Charles II of England granted all Dutch lands in North America to his brother James • James had to conquer the territory • James sent warships and Dutch immediately surrendered • Colony renamed New York after James, the Duke of York • New Amsterdam the capital was now known as New York City

  5. New Jersey • Established in 1665 • Part of NY split off to start new colony • At first was a proprietary colony • In 1702 received a charter as a royal colony • Proprietary Colony: a colony created by a grant of land from monarch to an individual or family • Royal Colony: a colony controlled directly by the English king

  6. Pennsylvania • Quaker leader William Penn wanted to find a place for Quakers to live where they would be safe from persecution • Knew King Charles II personally, used connection to get a charter • Arrived to his colony in 1682 • Capital is named Philadelphia “City of Brotherly Love”

  7. Pennsylvania • Printed pamphlets and distributed around Europe • Considered his colony to be his “holy experiment” • Goal was to create colony in which people from different religious backgrounds could live peacefully • Wrote freedom of religion into the Frame of Government • Dealt fairly with Native Americans • People couldn’t settle on land until it was sold from Native Americans

  8. Delaware • Penn’s charter for Pennsylvania included Delaware • Delaware didn’t want to send delegates to a distant assembly in Philadelphia • Penn gave the area its own representative assembly • 1704 became a separate colony

  9. Growth of Middle Colonies • Fertile soil and hard work made farms productive • Cash crop was wheat • Sold to New England and abroad • Manufacturers produced iron, flour, and paper • Artisans worked as shoemakers, carpenters, masons, and weavers