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Standard 13. The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. Jim Crow. The system of legal segregation. Plessy v. Ferguson. The Supreme Court decision in 1896 that set up the idea of separate-but-equal.

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standard 13

Standard 13

The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era.

jim crow
Jim Crow

The system of legal segregation.

plessy v ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson
  • The Supreme Court decision in 1896 that set up the idea of separate-but-equal.
  • This decision allowed for legal segregation of blacks and whites.
lynching
Lynching
  • It increased across the country as whites worked to keep African Americans from exercising their rights.
  • Between 1882 and 1892, an estimated 1200 African Americans were lynched.
booker t washington
Booker T. Washington
  • Created the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1881.
  • Promoted being skilled in a trade and to put aside the desires of political equality.
  • He felt that African Americans would gain acceptance through economics in stead of politics.
  • His message appealed to many African Americans and also calmed whites worries about educated African Americans trying to seek equality in society.
w e b dubois
W.E.B. Dubois
  • Dubois desired political and social equality and civil rights.
  • He wanted African Americans to get an advanced liberal arts education instead of getting a vocational education.
  • He urged African Americans to take pride in both their African and American heritages.
  • He worked closely with the NAACP.
social reforms
Social Reforms
  • Settlement Houselobbied for: women’s suffrage, better schools, juvenile courts, more liberal divorce laws, safety regulations for workers and tenements
hull house
Hull House
  • They believed that for social workers to be able to help a neighborhood or community they had to live in the area with the people they were trying to help.
the muckrakers
The Muckrakers
  • These forerunners to investigative journalists used the print media to spread news about the evils and ills of big business and corrupt government
  • Muckrakers included:
    • Ida Tarbell: “The history of Standard Oil Company” (1902)
tenements
Tenements
  • These were crowded apartment buildings with poor standards of sanitation, safety, and comfort.
  • As numerous tenements were built in an area it would become a slum.
  • Disease and fire were constant threats.
jacob riis
Jacob Riis
  • Riis was a writer who documented the tenement conditions in his book, How the Other Half Lives.
upton sinclair
Upton Sinclair
  • He wrote The Jungle about the meatpacking industry.
  • He was attempting to change the working conditions but instead changed the way that our country processed its meat.