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New Market Tax Credit Investment. By the Michigan Magnet Fund Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan Monday, November 17, 2014. NMTC History. Bill Signed 12/21/2000 Purpose - Attract $15 Billion in Investment to Low-Income Communities $2.5 Billion Allocated for 2001 and 2002

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New market tax credit investment

New Market Tax CreditInvestment

By the

Michigan Magnet FundPrepared by Albert A. Bogdan

Monday, November 17, 2014

Nmtc history
NMTC History

  • Bill Signed 12/21/2000

  • Purpose - Attract $15 Billion in Investment to Low-Income Communities

  • $2.5 Billion Allocated for 2001 and 2002

  • $3.5 Billion Allocated for 2003 and 2004

    • One In Michigan ($27 Million - Wayne County – Detroit CDE Inc.)

  • $2.0 Billion Targeted for 2005

    • Michigan Magnet Fund Gets $60 Million Allocation

  • $3.5 Billion/Year in 2006, 2007, 2008

    • Only $15 Million Allocation to Michigan

  • Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Nmtc how it works
    NMTC - How it Works

    • 39% Investment Tax Credits to Investor for Over 7 Years

      • First Three Years = 5%/Year

      • Next Four Years = 6%/Year

      • Total = 39%

    • Funds Used to Invest Almost Any Businesses Located in a Low Income Census Tract

    • Tax Credits Allocated to a Community Development Entity (CDE) by US Treasury

    • Cash Flows to CDE as Qualified Equity Investment

      • Must Stay in Deal For 7 Years

      • Flows In as Equity, Flows Out as Equity, Loan or Loan Purchase

    • Deals May Be Pooled or Pass-Through Investments

    • Tax Credit Goes to Investor Regardless of Investment Success or Failure

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    New market tax credit flow chart
    New Market Tax Credit Flow Chart

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Criteria for eligible location
    Criteria for Eligible Location

    • Census Tract with

      • Poverty Rate > 20% or

      • Greater of the Following Two:

        • Median Family Income < 80% of MSA Median Income or

        • Median Family Income < 80% of Statewide Median Family Income

      • 95% of Financing Must Have Additional Levels of Distress, Poverty Rate > 30%, Median Family Income < 60%, Brownfield, Urban Renewal Area, Enterprise Zone, etc.

        Go to to Verify Census Tract

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    What type of business can receive nmtc financing

    Almost Any Business Units Located In Low To Moderate Income Areas Can Qualify

    Definition Of Business Unit

    May Be Branch Or Division

    Investment Must Be Traced To The Facility

    Typical Businesses

    Shopping Center, LLC

    Small Technology Firm



    Retail Store

    Micro Entrepreneur

    Single Family Home Developer

    No Liquor Stores

    No Gambling Establishments

    No Golf Courses

    No Collectibles

    No Rental Residential – However, Residential Defined as Project Where More Than 80% of Income Comes from Residential Portion

    What Type of Business Can Receive NMTC Financing?

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Mmf investment guidelines
    MMF Investment Guidelines Areas Can Qualify

    Finance Projects That

    • Real Estate Projects In Targeted Cities & Rural Areas

    • Create Job Opportunities in Low-income Communities,

    • Are Located In Traditional Downtowns And/Or Significant Development “Nodes”,

    • Are Needed To Support Low-income Community & Neighborhood Development Initiatives

    • Support GLCF and MSHDA Development Initiatives

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Mmf investment guidelines1
    MMF Investment Guidelines Areas Can Qualify

    • Must Have Sufficient Financing Commitments Acceptable To MMF.

    • Must Have Site Control

    • An Acceptable Environmental Remediation Plan.

    • Minimum MMF Financing is $2 Million. Maximum is $10 Million.

    • Other NMTC Allocatees May Be Invited To Partner

    • A Long-term, Comprehensive Economic Develop. Strategy in Place.

    • Demonstrate Construction to Begin Within 6 Mos. of Commitment.

    • The Project Must Meet One of The Following “But For” Tests:

      • Costs Exceeding Value (Residuals putted to Owner);

      • Insufficient Equity (Residuals Loaned to Owner @ Zero interest);

      • Inadequate Cash Flow To Debt Service Coverage;

      • Need Low Income Community Vs. Non-low Income Community Location Incentive.

    • Preference Given To Financial Institutions And Investors Committed To Invest In The MMF As Evidenced In Its NMTC Application.

    • All Other NMTC Program Requirements Must Be Met.

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Mmf contract requirements
    MMF Contract Requirements Areas Can Qualify

    MMF Subsidiaries Must Invest:

    • 100% of Its Investment In Real Estate Projects.

      • New Building For A Business Is Not Considered A Real Estate Project, i.e., Factory For A Manufacturer, BuildingFor Nonprofit To Conduct Its Own Business.

    • 100% of Its Aggregate Investment In Unrelated Entities

    • 95% As Flexible, Non-conventional, Or Non-conforming To Standard Practice In The Marketplace.

    • 90% of the MMF Investments Must Be Made In Targeted Distressed Areas Which Have More Than Just 20% Poverty Or 80% Median Family Income,

      • i.e., Brownfield, Redevelopment Area, 30% Poverty, 70% Median Family Income, HOPE VI Area, Empowerment Zone, etc.

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    The procedures
    The Procedures Areas Can Qualify

    • Developers Invited to Submit Pre-application

      • Need Interest Letter from Investor

    • Investment Committee Reviews

      • Based on Its Guidelines

    • Best Projects Invited to Submit Full Application

      • Need Commitment Letter from Investor

      • $5,000 Fee Charged

    • MMF Makes Firm Offer

    • Deal Closed

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Mmf fee structure
    MMF Fee Structure Areas Can Qualify

    • Origination Fee = 2.5%

    • Annual Service Fee = 50 Basis Points (0.5%)

    • Exit Fee = Zero

    • Total Fees = 6.0% over 7 years

    • Plus Transactional Cost

      • Legal,

      • Accounting, &

      • Consulting Costs

      • Typical $150,000 to $300,000

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Leveraged real estate investment
    Leveraged Real Estate Investment Areas Can Qualify

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Doing the deal no repayment for 7 years
    Doing the Deal Areas Can QualifyNo Repayment for 7 Years

    • Assumptions

      • Lender Lends $7,000,000 to “Investment LLC”

        • 7 Years

        • Interest only

      • CDE Provides Tax Credit Allocation to Investment LLC

      • Investment LLC Sells Tax Credit for $3,000,000

      • CDE Invests $9.6 Million in Firm

        • 20 Year Amortization

        • Balloon Repayment in Year 8

    • Results

      • FirmRepays CDE $9,600,000

        • No National Consistency in Product

          – Each CDE Can Do Own Thing

        • The Tax Credit Portion is Easiest Part of the Deal

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Leveraged real estate investment1
    Leveraged Real Estate Investment Areas Can Qualify

    • Commodity Market for NMTC Slowly Taking Shape

    • Tax Credit May Not Go to Developer or Owner

    • Have Used HUD 108, HOME Funds, Foundation Loans as Debt – Can Use Pension Funds

    • CDE is Facilitator

      –Need Debt & Equity

      – Price & Deal Negotiable

      – Tax Credit Value Can Vary $100,000/Million

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Who can be an eligible equity investor
    Who Can be an Eligible Equity Investor? Areas Can Qualify

    • Any Taxable Investor

      • Individual

      • Company

      • Investment Fund

      • Debt Investor Can Be Anyone – HUD, Bank, Pension Fund

      • Debt Investor Receives No Collateral – Nonrecourse Loan

      • MMF Committed Investors are:

        • National City CDC

        • Key CDC

        • Wells Fargo Bank Michigan, N.A.

        • Fifth Third Bank CDC

        • Bank of America

        • First Independence National Bank

        • The Huntington Bank CDC

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Negotiating the deal
    Negotiating the Deal Areas Can Qualify

    Points of Negotiation

    • Terms & Conditions of Debt to Investment LLC

      • No Collateral

      • Size of Interest Only (7 Year Balloon)

    • Internal Rate of Return for Tax Credit to Equity Investor

    • Term & Conditions of Qualified Equity Investment

      • No Collateral

      • 7 year Balloon Principal Repayment

    • Fees & Professional Charges

      • Try to Keep it Simple – Costs Add Up Quickly

      • MMF are Real Estate Deals – Prepare Application – Complete It

      • Do not start Paperwork until All Pieces are Together

    • MMF Loan – Must Cover Above Commitments

      • Collateral

      • Interest on $10 Million Loan = Interest on $7.2 Million Loan + 50 Basis Pts

      • 7 Year Balloon Principal Repayment

      • Negotiate Residuals – Based on “But for” Need

        • Example - Principal Balloon Repayment Range = $9.6 Million to $7.0 Million

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan

    Contact info
    Contact Info Areas Can Qualify

    • Mr.. Albert A. Bogdan

    • Michigan Magnet Fund

    • 1000 South Washington

    • Lansing, MI 48910

    • Phone (313) 445-1843

    • E-Mail

    • Web page: or

    Prepared by Albert A. Bogdan