Methods of Therapy. Overview of the history and methods of therapy. Psychotherapy History of treatment of psychological disorders Methods of therapy. Methods of Therapy. “The only difference between me and someone who is mad, is that I am not mad !” Salvador Dali
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Methods of Therapy Overview of the history and methods of therapy. Psychotherapy History of treatment of psychological disorders Methods of therapy
Methods of Therapy • “The only difference between me and someone who is mad, is that I am not mad!” Salvador Dali Radio Lab (www.wnyc.org) • Season Three: “Placebo” Learning Objectives: • History (eras) of Therapy • Types of Therapies
Psychotherapy • Psychotherapy defined • Four parts of Psychotherapy
History of Therapies • Asylums • Bedlam • La Bicetre • Mental hospitals • Community mental health centers
Psychodynamic Therapy Sigmund Freud • Free Association • Catharsis (Abreaction)
Humanistic Therapy • Person Centered Therapies • Carl Rogers • Transactional Analysis • Thomas Harris - “I’m OK” • Gestalt Therapy • Fritz Perls
Cognitive Therapy • Rational-emotive therapy • Albert Ellis • Four cognitive errors • compare to Critical Thinking principles.
Behavior Therapy • Behavior Modification • Various Methods
Group Therapy • Encounter Groups • Couple Therapy • Family Therapy
Methods of Therapy • The common thread: • Freud • Does Psychotherapy work?
Biological Therapies • Drug Therapies • Antianxiety (benzodiazapines) • Antipsychotic (major tranquilizers) • Antidepressants (MAOI / SSRI) • Lithium
Biological Therapies • Drug Therapies • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) • old version • new and improved ?!?! • Psychosurgery • Prefrontal Lobotomy