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RESEARCH QUESTION. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH. Role of the Research Question. Attempts to focus on a stated goal Gives direction to research process Suggests the hypothesis(es). RESEARCH QUESTION. Must be CLEARLY stated!!!! Must be SIGNIFICANT!!!! Must be ETHICAL!!!! Must be FEASIBLE!!!!

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research question

RESEARCH QUESTION

EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

role of the research question
Role of the Research Question
  • Attempts to focus on a stated goal
  • Gives direction to research process
  • Suggests the hypothesis(es)
research question5
RESEARCH QUESTION
  • Must be CLEARLY stated!!!!
  • Must be SIGNIFICANT!!!!
  • Must be ETHICAL!!!!
  • Must be FEASIBLE!!!!
  • Must indicate RELATIONSHIP!!!!
research question6
RESEARCH QUESTION
  • The educational significance of your study must be one/more of following:
  • advance knowledge in the field
  • improve instructional practices
  • help individual (person-school-agency)
ethical conduct
Ethical Conduct
  • Ethics ALWAYS relevant
  • Physical/psychological risk/harm
  • Vulnerable persons
  • Anonymity
  • Confidentiality
  • Informed consent
research question clarity
RESEARCH QUESTION CLARITY
  • Operational definition
  • very specific meaning
  • ascribes meaning to concepts and constructs
  • specifies operations to measure - manipulate concept
more on operational definitions
More on Operational Definitions
  • written in complete, grammatically correct sentences
what are researchable questions
What are Researchable Questions?
  • Data can provide answers
  • NO value judgments
sample researchable questions
Sample Researchable Questions
  • Is there a significant difference between client-centered therapy and behavior modification in client satisfaction among middle-aged adults?
  • What is the effect of Ritalin on success rate in math of elementary school children?
what are nonresearchable questions
What are NonResearchable Questions?
  • Data CANNOT be collected to answer question
sample nonresearchable questions
Sample NonResearchable Questions
  • Are children who attend Sunday School more likely to go to Heaven than children who do not?
  • Is behavioral family therapy the BEST method for counselors to use with alienated youth?
which are which
Which are which?
  • Does high school achievement influence the academic achievement of university students?
  • RESEARCHABLE
  • What is the LEAST effective way to teach grammar?
  • NONRESEARCHABLE
which are which16
Which are which?
  • Should elementary school teachers use the inquiry method to teach math concepts?
  • VALUE JUDGMENT
  • What is the effect of kindergarten on success in first grade?
  • RESEARCHABLE
writing your own question
Writing Your Own Question
  • Be within your area of Expertise and interest
  • Be able to collect data
  • Be feasible
    • time location
    • resources money
how to phrase question
How to Phrase Question
  • What is the effect of [independent variable] on [dependent variable] among [population]?
  • EXAMPLE
  • What is the effect of study skills on reading achievement among sixth grade students?
another example
Another Example
  • What is the effect of a mainstreaming workshop on teachers’ attitudes toward mainstreaming among secondary teachers?
another example21
Another Example
  • What is the effect ofcomputer-based instruction versus traditional instruction onmath achievement among elementary school children?
how to phrase question22
How to Phrase Question?
  • Is there a significant difference between [independent variable] and/versus [independent variable] on[dependent variable] among [population]?
  • Is there a significant difference between boys and girls on math achievement among at-risk students?
another example23
Another Example
  • Is there a significant difference between elementary and secondary teachers’ attitudes on the purposes of school among Southern teachers?
another example24
Another Example
  • Is there a significant difference between boys and girls oncomputer usage among middle school students?
introduction to proposal
INTRODUCTION TO PROPOSAL
  • The second paragraph of the introduction SHOULD read as follows:
slide26
The purpose of this proposal is to [state research question in form of a sentence]. [1 or 2 filler sentences elaborating upon the purpose]. Therefore, the educational significance of this study will be to [choose 1 of the following or in combination---advance the existing body of knowledge in [field of...]; improve instructional practices of [subject]; and/or help an individual/school...]