San Diego By: Gianna Fischetti
Landforms • The city of San Diego lies on deep canyons and hills separating its mesas, creating small pockets of natural parkland scattered throughout the city and giving it a hilly geography. • Remarkable peaks within the city limits include Cowles Mountain, the highest point in the city at 1,593 feet, Black Mountain at 1,558 feet, and Mount Soledad at 824 feet. The Cuyamaca Mountains and Laguna Mountains rise to the east of the city, and beyond the mountains are desert areas. • Numerous farms are found in the valleys northeast and southeast of the city.
Bodies of Water • The San Diego River starts in the Cuyamaca Mountains northwest of the town of Julian, then flows to the southwest until it reaches the El Capitan Reservoir. • The San Luis Rey River drains into the Pacific Ocean on the northern end of the city of Oceanside. The river is over 69 miles long and drains 562 square miles. There is little water in the river during most of the year, but it can have very large flows during winter storms. • The San Dieguito Rivers headwaters rise on the southern slope of the Volcan Mountains and flow generally southwest for 23.8 miles, draining 346 square miles before emptying into the Pacific Ocean. • The Otay River begins in the San Miguel Mountain, flows through the Otay Reservoirs, and continues on between the southern part of the Chula Vista and the Otay Mesa West district. It empties into the San Diego Bay.
Tourist Attractions • There are many different things to do in San Diego. Some of the most popular attractions are Legoland, SeaWorld San Diego, San Diego Zoo, Air and Space Museum, and Belmont Park.
Legoland • Legoland opened on March 20, 1999. It is the third Legoland park to open, and the first Legoland outside of Europe. The park is split into nine major sections which are: The Beginning, Dino Island, Duplo, Village Green, Fun Town, Castle Hill, Miniland USA, Pirate Shores, Imagination Zone, and Land of Adventure. The theme park features a water park and is the only Legoland to feature a water park. The water park was built during 2009 and opened in 2010.
Sea World San Diego • SeaWorld San Diego is an animal theme park, oceanarium, and marine mammal park. The park is owned by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, a division of The Blackstone Group. • SeaWorld was founded in 1964 by four graduates of the University of California, Los Angeles. Although their original idea of an underwater restaurant was not possible at the time, the idea was expanded into a 22-acre marine zoological park along the shore of Mission Bay in San Diego. After an investment of about $1.5 million, the park opened with 45 employees, several dolphins, sea lions, and two seawater aquariums, and hosted more than 400,000 visitors in its first year of operation.
San Diego Zoo • The San Diego Zoo is one of the most progressive zoos in the world, with over 4,000 animals of more than 800 species. It is also one of the few zoos in the world that houses the giant panda. • It is privately operated by the nonprofit Zoological Society of San Diego on 100 acres of parkland leased from the City of San Diego, and ownership of all animals, equipment and other assets rests with the City of San Diego.
Air and Space Museum • San Diego Air & Space Museum (SDASM, formerly the San Diego Aerospace Museum) is an aviation and space exploration museum. It is located in Balboa Park and is housed in the former Ford Building, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. • The museum is divided into many galleries with exhibits emphasizing the contributions San Diego has made. Which include the Theodore Gildred Rotunda, Special Exhibit area, World War I Gallery, Golden Age of Flight Gallery, World War II Gallery, Modern Jet & Space Age Gallery, and the Edwin D. McKeller Pavilion of Flight.
Belmont Park • Belmont Park is a historic oceanfront amusement park located in the Mission Bay. The park was developed by John D. Spreckels and opened on July 4, 1925 as the Mission Beach Amusement Center.In addition to providing recreation and amusement it also was intended as a way to help Spreckels sell land in Mission Beach. Located on the beach, it attracts millions of people each year.
Language • There are more than 100 languages spoken in San Diego. • However, the major language is English.
Leader • The present mayor of San Diego is Jerry Sanders and has been since December 5, 2005.
Type of Government • The type of government in San Diego is Democracy.
National Holidays • New Year's Day- January 1 Martin Luther King Day- third Monday in January President's Day- third Monday in February Memorial Day- last Monday in May Independence Day- July 4 Labor Day- first Monday in September Columbus Day- second Monday in October Veterans Day- November 11 Thanksgiving Day- fourth Thursday in November Christmas Day- December 25
Economy • The economy of San Diego is influenced by its deepwater port, which includes the only major submarine and shipbuilding yards on the West Coast. Several major national defense contractors were started and are headquartered in San Diego.