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DOE Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Technology Overview of Environmental Program Retroactive Metrics Analysis. July 2000. Background. Forward Environmental Metrics Analyses Capture the Projected Future Benefit of Current ONGPT Environmental Program Activities

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slide1

DOE Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum TechnologyOverview of Environmental Program Retroactive Metrics Analysis

July 2000

background
Background
  • Forward Environmental Metrics Analyses Capture the Projected Future Benefit of Current ONGPT Environmental Program Activities
  • 3 Previous Environmental Metrics Analyses
    • 1996
    • 1998
    • 2000
background1
Background
  • How can ONGPT Capture the Current and Past Benefit of Environmental Program Activities?
  • Was the ONGPT Environmental Program as Effective as Predicted in the 1996 - 2000 Forward Environmental Metrics Analyses?
retroactive environmental metrics objectives
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Objectives
  • Estimate the Actual Impact of ONGPT Environmental Program Activities for 1996 - 2000
  • Extend the Estimated Impact of ONGPT Environmental Program Activities to the Near Term, 2000 - 2005:
    • to capture Environmental Program Benefits up to the point at which the 2000 Forward Metrics begins.
retroactive environmental metrics objectives cont
Retroactive Environmental Metrics - Objectives, (cont.)
  • Compare Retroactive Metrics Analyses with Projections from the 1996, 1998, & 2000 Environmental Metrics Analyses
  • Did the ONGPT Environmental Program Actually have the Impact on
    • Production,
    • Environmental Compliance Costs
    • Revenues and Royalties,
    • Employment, etc.

Predicted by Previous Forward Environmental Metrics?

forward environmental metrics review
Forward Environmental Metrics Review
  • 6 Categories of Environmental Issues that Affect Oil and Gas E&P
        • Drilling
        • Produced Water Management
        • Production Waste (Associated) Management
        • Remediation
        • Air Emissions
        • Other: Spills, Underground Injection, Regulatory Streamlining
forward environmental metrics review1
Forward Environmental Metrics Review
  • Identify Individual Environmental Issues
  • Develop alternative future regulatory or compliance technology scenarios for each environmental issue.
  • Estimate relative impact/influence of ONGPT Environmental Program activities for each environmental issue
forward environmental metrics review2
Forward Environmental Metrics Review
  • Estimate unit incremental compliance cost ($/well) for future environmental requirements
    • Probabilistic, “expected value” methodology
    • Reservoir level costs applied through Oil and Gas Environmental Model
  • Three Cases Distinguished by Magnitude of Incremental Environmental Costs:
    • With DOE (DOE + Industry)
    • Without DOE (Industry Only)
    • Stringent
forward environmental metrics review3
Forward Environmental Metrics Review
  • Incremental Environmental Costs to Oil System Analysis & Gas System Analysis Models (OSAM) (GSAM)
  • Estimated Future ONGPT Environmental Program Benefit is Difference between With DOE Case & Without DOE Case
    • (With DOE Case) - (Without DOE Case) = Estimated ONGPT Environmental Program Benefit
forward environmental metrics regulatory issues
Forward Environmental Metrics - Regulatory Issues

Stringent Case

Industry Only Case

(Without DOE)

$

Incremental Environmental

Compliance Cost

ONGPT Environmental

Program Benefit

With DOE Case

$0

2000

1996

2020

forward environmental metrics technology issues
Forward Environmental Metrics - Technology Issues

+$

Stringent Case

$0

$

Incremental Environmental

Compliance Cost

Industry Only Case

ONGPT Environmental

Program Benefit

-$

With DOE Case

2000

1998

2020

retroactive environmental metrics
Retroactive Environmental Metrics
  • Based on Technical Approach Developed for Forward Environmental Metrics
  • Evaluates Actual ONGPT Environmental Program Involvement For Each Environmental Issue Considered in the 1996, 1998 & 2000 Analyses
  • Reservoir Level Incremental Environmental Compliance Costs Developed for 3 Cases:
    • With DOE Case (Baseline Case)
    • Industry Only Case (Without DOE Case)
    • Stringent Regulation or Limited Technology R&D Case
retroactive environmental metrics1
Retroactive Environmental Metrics

Stringent Case

$

Incremental Environmental

Compliance Cost

ONGPT Environmental

Program Benefit

Industry Only Case

With DOE Case = Baseline

$0

2000

1996

retroactive environmental metrics environmental issues
Regulatory Issues

31 Issues

23 Onshore, 8 Offshore & Coastal General

Selected Issues:

Onshore Drilling Waste Management

Offshore Synthetic Drilling fluid

Offshore Drilling Waste Management

Drilling in Wetlands Onshore Produced Water Disposal

Offshore Produced Water Disposal

Offshore Air emissions Control

Hydraulic Fracturing

Technology Issues

10 -12 Issues

10 Onshore, 2 Offshore

Selected Issues:

Regulatory Streamlining

Onshore Drilling - Waste Volume Reduction

Onshore Wetland Mitigation

Onshore Produce Water Technology - Water Treatment

NPDES Stormwater Permitting

Salt Cavern Disposal E&P Waste

Retroactive Environmental Metrics- Environmental Issues
retroactive environmental metrics incremental cost cases
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Incremental Cost Cases
  • With DOE Case (DOE + Industry)
    • Represents the Current Scenario:

Actual Compliance Costs with Existing Technology

    • Baseline Environmental Compliance Cost
    • $ 0 Incremental Environmental Compliance Cost
retroactive environmental metrics incremental cost cases1
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Incremental Cost Cases
  • Stringent Regulation/ Limited Technology R&D Case
    • Regulatory Issues: Represents the Most Stringent Feasible Outcome of Pending Regulatory Requirements ( “the worst that could have occurred”)
    • Technology Issues: Represents What Incremental Environmental Compliance Costs “Might have Been”
    • Technology: Estimates Increased Costs Due to Limited Technology R&D and Less Technology Penetration.
retroactive environmental metrics incremental cost cases2
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Incremental Cost Cases
  • Industry Only Case (Without DOE)
    • Represents the Incremental Environmental Cost Outcome that Might have Occurred without DOE Environmental Program Participation
    • Estimates the Past Level of DOE Environmental Program Activity (DOE Program “Weighting Factor”)
    • DOE Program “Weighting Factor” Establishes the Industry Only Case Incremental Environmental Costs
retroactive environmental metrics incremental cost cases3
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Incremental Cost Cases

Industry Only Case, Incremental Environmental Compliance Cost Example:

Industry Only Incremental Cost = ( Stringent Case Cost - With DOE Incremental Cost) x (Estimated DOE Program Weighting Factor)

Industry Only Incremental Cost = ($1000/well - $0/well) x (0.40)

= $ 400/well

retroactive environmental metrics2
Retroactive Environmental Metrics

Stringent Case

$

Incremental Environmental

Compliance Cost

ONGPT Environmental

Program Benefit

Industry Only Case

With DOE Case = Baseline

$0

1996

2000

retroactive environmental metrics incremental cost cases4
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Incremental Cost Cases
  • DOE Program Weighting Factor Represents the Estimated Level of ONGPT Environmental Program Involvement or Participation in each Environmental Issue Considered in the Retroactive Metrics Analysis
  • This Estimate is Critical to Defining the Industry Only Case and thus the Total Environmental Program Benefit
doe environmental program weighting factors regulatory issues
DOE Environmental Program Weighting Factors - Regulatory Issues
  • Regulatory Weight
  • 1.- Passive comments on rulemaking
  • Written comments 0.05 - 0.15
  • 2.- Active comments on rulemaking
  • Fund analysis that provides basis for comments 0.15 - 0.25
  • 3.- Facilitate dialogue between Industry and Government 0.10 - 0.25
  • 4.- Collect data on industry practices
  • Baseline practices for rulemaking process 0.20 - 0.30
  • 5.-Active data collection for rulemaking process that involves new research 0.30 - 0.40
  • 6.- Enforcement action avoidance:
  • Operator compliance, workshops, guidance documents,
  • general permits, Risk Based Data Management. 0.40 - 0.50
doe environmental program weighting factors technology issues
DOE Environmental Program Weighting Factors - Technology Issues

Technology Weight

1.- Provide some project funding with resulting “report on shelf” 0.05 - 0.15

2.- Cooperative research agreements such us Petroleum Environmental

Research Forum 0.15 – 0.25

3.- Fund research in initial development stage, pilot projects, seed money, etc 0.10 - 0.25

4.- Collect data on industry practices

Baseline practices for rulemaking process 0.20 - 0.30

5.- Active data collection for rulemaking process that involves new research 0.30 - 0.40

6. -Enforcement action avoidance:

Operator compliance, workshops, guidance documents, general permits,

Risk Based Data Management 0.40 - 0.50

retroactive environmental metrics modeling considerations
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Modeling Considerations
  • Oil and Gas Environmental Cost Model
    • Model generates reservoir-level incremental environmental costs (as opposed to state-level environmental costs) on issue by issue basis.
    • Model allows random assignment of full incremental compliance cost to an appropriate percentage of potentially affected reservoirs
      • For example: Scenario ‘A’ assigns $1000/well to 20% of reservoirs in State ‘B’. Twenty percent of reservoirs are selected & receive full $1000/well. Previously, all wells in State ‘B’ would have received $200/well.
retroactive environmental metrics modeling considerations1
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Modeling Considerations
  • Oil and Gas Environmental Cost Model, cont.

To avoid double counting of DOE Environmental Program Benefits claimed in 2000 Metrics:

Benefits Claimed for Retroactive Environmental Metrics start during 1996 - 2000 and end during 2000 - 2005, depending upon when each issue starts in the 2000 Forward Environmental Metrics Exercise.

retroactive environmental metrics modeling considerations cont
Retroactive Environmental Metrics - Modeling Considerations, cont.

Forward metrics issue

starts in 2003. Projected to 2020.

EXAMPLE

Retroactive Metrics Issue: Program

Benefit Claimed for 1996 - 2003

Stringent

$

Incremental Environmental

Compliance Cost

Stringent Case

Without DOE

Retroactive Environmental

Program Benefit

Future

DOE

Program

Benefit

Industry Only Case

$0

With DOE Case = Baseline

With DOE

1996

2005

2000

2003

retroactive environmental metrics modeling considerations2
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Modeling Considerations
  • OSAM & GSAM
    • Baseline environmental costs have been reviewed & updated to incorporate new data/analyses.
    • OSAM & GSAM to be calibrated to match actual production & price tracks for 1996-2000.
    • Models will be run for 1995 - 2005.
retroactive environmental metrics baseline environmental costs
Retroactive Environmental Metrics -Baseline Environmental Costs
  • Data Sources:
    • Assessing the Cost of Environmental Compliance. IOGCC, December 1999.
    • Basic Petroleum Data Book. API, July 1999.
    • 1997 Baseline costs Updated for 1998 Metrics. ICF, 1998
    • Petroleum Industry Environmental Performance. API, May 1998
slide29
Retroactive Environmental Metrics - Average Baseline Compliance Costs(for 1996 - 2000; all regions, depths, resource types)