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Islam Spreads. Abu Bakr. Caliph: "successor to the Prophet" Abu Bakr - successor to Muhammad Battle of tours- stopped further advancement of Islam into Europe. Abu Bakr. Treatment of the Conquered Did not require conversion to Islam Muslims in Europe

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abu bakr
Abu Bakr
  • Caliph: "successor to the Prophet"
  • Abu Bakr- successor to Muhammad
  • Battle of tours- stopped further advancement of Islam into Europe
abu bakr1
Abu Bakr
  • Treatment of the Conquered
    • Did not require conversion to Islam
  • Muslims in Europe
    • Muslims, Christians and Jews – all monotheistic
movements within islam
Movements within Islam
  • Division over Successor
    • Sunni agreed to accept Muawiyah as caliph
    • Shiites insisted that only Ali’s descendants should be caliphs
      • Schism- a division or a split 90% of Muslims are Sunni
    • Sufi- Muslim mystics
empire of the caliphs
Empire of the Caliphs
  • Umayyad Family
    • Problems:
      • adapting from desert to city life
      • contention between rich & poor
      • Shiites hate Umayyads
empire of the caliphs1
Empire of the Caliphs
  • Abbasid Dynasty
    • Golden Age of the Middle East
    • Ended Arab dominance
      • Killed off the Umayyad family
empire of the caliphs2
Empire of the Caliphs
  • Baghdad
    • Becomes new capital with greater size & wealth than Constantinople
    • Minaret- Slender tower of a mosque
decline of the caliphate
Decline of the Caliphate
  • 900-1400: Invaders
    • Seljuk Turks
      • Sultan: Turkish ruler
    • Genghis Khan first to lead Mongols into Middle East
    • Convert to Islam
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