particle transport and density peaking at low collisionality on alcator c mod n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Particle Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Particle Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 128 Views
  • Uploaded on

Particle Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod. 49 th Annual Meeting of APS - DPP Orlando, 11/14/2007 M. Greenwald, J.W. Hughes, D. Mikkelsen, J. Terry, Alcator Group C. Angioni, H. Weisen. Particle Transport and Density Profiles.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Particle Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod' - gaenor


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
particle transport and density peaking at low collisionality on alcator c mod
Particle Transport And Density Peaking At Low Collisionality On Alcator C-Mod

49th Annual Meeting of APS - DPP

Orlando, 11/14/2007

M. Greenwald, J.W. Hughes, D. Mikkelsen, J. Terry, Alcator Group

C. Angioni, H. Weisen

slide2

Particle Transport and Density Profiles

  • We want to be able to predict density profile
    • Better fusion performance with moderate density peaking
    • Effects on stability, divertor operation etc.
  • Results from ASDEX (Angioni et al., PRL 2003), JET (H. Weisen, et al., NF 2005) show increase in density peaking at low n* for H-mode plasmas.
    • Central fueling (NBI) can play an important role as well.
  • Scales to ITER (with weak fueling): ne(0)/<ne> ~ 1.4-1.5
  • In this talk, we’ll also look at an additional effect: the role of safety factor (or magnetic shear) in the particle transport
slide3

Lower Density H-Modes Show Modest Profile Peaking

BT = 5.2 T

IP = 1.0 MA

PIN = 3.9 MW

H98 = 1.05

BT = 5.4 T

IP = 0.9 MA

PIN = 2.3 MW

H98 = 1.3

slide4

ITER

ITER

ICRF Only

ICRF Only

C-Mod Data Helps Break Covariance Between nEFF and n/nGMakes Extrapolation To ITER More Certain.

nEFF= nei/wD≡ 0.1RZEFF<ne>/<Te>2

slide5

ICRF Only

NBI + ICRF

More Density Peaking With NBI Heating (Fueling)

slide6

C-Mod Data Fit Reasonably By Scaling Derived for JET/AUG

ne(0.2)/<ne> = 1.347 – 0.117log(nEFF) + 1.331GNBI – 4.03bT

slide10

Magnetic Axis

Separatrix

Main Difference In Density Profiles Is Extent Of Peaked Region

R/Ln ~ 3.1

R/Ln ~ 2.2

Time to establish peaking << a/VWare

slide11

Residuals from JET/AUG scaling vs q95

  • No NBI data
  • Apparent linear scaling with q95

ne(0.2)/<ne> = 1.347 – 0.117log(nEFF) + 1.331GNBI – 4.03bT

ICRF Data

slide12

New Scaling Including q95 Dependence

  • Weak linear q dependence added to previous scaling
  • Best fit to C-Mod data
  • (JET and AUG not included)
  • ne(0.2)/<ne> = 1.1 – 0.117log(nEFF) + 1.331GNBI – 4.03bT+0.45q95
slide13

q95 Dependence Not As Evident In JET & AUG Data

  • When important dependences are factored out, q95 (or li) have small statistical significance for JET/AUG scaling. (Angioni, Weisen, et al, NF 2007).
  • We haven’t closed the loop with this new C-Mod data.

ICRF + NBI Data

slide14

Initial Simulation Work Begun

  • GYRO simulations have been performed using profile data from C-Mod shots (see Mikkelsen poster NP8.00071)
  • Density profile is adjusted to achieve zero particle flux
    • With R/LTi > R/LTe (as measured), null flux is seen at the observed density gradient
    • (Raising gradient by 20% produces outward flux)
  • Physics seems to be reduction of ITG instability-drive, enabling TEM-driven pinch with kqri > 0.5
  • In this analysis, collisionality dependence is through relaxation of LTi from reduced ion-electron coupling – raising nEFF by factor of 2 in simulations did not remove pinch.
  • Differences/similarities with AUG and JET work need to be explored.
slide15

Summary

  • Collisionality is the leading dependency for density profile peaking in H-modes.
    • C-Mod data helps break covariance between nEFF and n/nG(Greenwald et al., Nucl. Fus. L26, 2007)
  • In C-Mod, secondary effect found: weak q scaling
    • Commonly seen in L-Mode (see Baker DIII-D, Weisen TCV)
    • This dependence is not as evident in JET and AUG data
  • Peaking/particle transport is beginning to be understood
    • Initial simulations suggest that interplay of ITG and TEM turbulence is the key
    • More simulations/analysis required
    • Experiments to look for changes in fluctuations are planned