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Initiating Corrective Actions Through Knowledge & Cooperation . Hannah French Chelsea Ermer. Prevention is the Key. Students should avoid materials that may make them sick & techniques that can injure them

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initiating corrective actions through knowledge cooperation

Initiating Corrective Actions Through Knowledge & Cooperation

Hannah French

Chelsea Ermer

prevention is the key
Prevention is the Key
  • Students should avoid materials that may make them sick & techniques that can injure them
  • As a teacher you should know about the materials you are using & the potential safety hazards that exist

DO YOUR RESEARCH!

general art making space conditions
General Art-Making Space Conditions
  • Housekeeping:
      • Is there dirt, debris, and/or dust?
      • Is there adequate storage & access?
      • Is there visible safety information & warning signs?
  • Tools & Equipment:
      • What is the placement in the room?
      • What is the condition of the tools and/or equipment?
      • Is there a maintenance schedule?
  • Lightning:
      • Is natural & artificial light adequate?
  • Ventilation:
      • What are the provisions for fresh air?
current practices
Current Practices
  • Instructional methods:
      • How & to what extent are health & safety included?
      • Health & safety procedures should be addressed thoroughly!
  • Students’ responsibility:
      • Do students know what is expected of them?
  • Monitoring procedures:
      • Who ensures that correct practices are followed?
      • What are they consequences of infractions? (Pertaining to safety & discipline)
  • Art activity space management:
      • How is the distribution & pick up of tools being handled?
      • How are the hazardous materials being handled?
      • How is hazardous waste being disposed of & handled?
age risk group
Age & Risk Group
  • Bodily development:
      • What are the natural defenses for the age of your students?
      • Is manual dexterity well developed or had it been impaired by age or illness?
  • Human weakness:
      • What students may have allergies, chemical sensitivities, or respiratory problems?
  • Exposure accumulation:
      • What is the frequency & term of exposure?
      • Medical records: Is a medical record kept for the teachers & art activity leaders whose exposure is long term?
  • Skill development:
      • Do students have adequate knowledge of correct procedures or do they take things for granted?
      • Students must understand that the reasoning behind correct procedures is for their own safety & the safety of other students
      • This is why pre-assessment & thorough instruction is imperative!
materials activities
Materials & Activities
  • Toxicity:
      • What are the relative ratings of materials used?
  • Ingestion, inhalation, & absorption through the skin:
      • What are the possibilities of these occurring?
  • Power tools:
      • Is noise level a problem?
      • Are tools located or used with concern for safety?
  • Activities in the curriculum:
      • Have they been selected to minimize problems?
pre assessment
Pre-Assessment
  • Finding out what students already know is another important part of introducing a new art lesson
  • Pre-activity tests can explain what students already know & what they need to learn regarding safety procedures
  • Ways you can assess your student’s prior knowledge safety regarding different materials and processes:
    • Written test
    • Class discussion
    • Peer demonstration
pre assessment1
Pre-Assessment
  • Pre-assessment test will provide the following information:
    • Have they done this process before in another school or class?
    • Have they already mastered the skills required?
    • Do they know how to use the necessary tools?
    • Do they understand the possible hazards of the process?
    • Do they have any examples of previous works?
student s need to know
Student’s Need to Know…
  • Art materials can be dangerous if not handled with care & responsibility
  • There is no need to fear the art materials or processes as long as you know the correct way to use them
  • Just because you have worked with a material/process/tool before you may be unaware of the proper way to use or do it
teachers need to remember
Teachers Need to Remember…
  • Students come to the art work space with no real understanding of the dangers involved with the materials or tools they will use
  • Good art-making space management reduces accidents & injuries as well as health problems
  • Less toxic materials can usually be substituted for toxic ones with little or no extra cost
  • Learning how to use tools & equipment correctly & safely is no more difficult than learning how to use them incorrectly
teachers need to remember1
Teachers Need to Remember…
  • Practices learned in art-making activities will be those the students follow elsewhere & in subsequent years
  • Teachers must find out what students do & do not know about art process & materials
  • Lesson plans & hand outs should always include health & safety notes
  • We can put students in charge of their own safety with materials but they must prove to us first that they are responsible & understand the proper safety measures
teachers need to remember2
Teachers Need to Remember…

This information alone does not create a health and safety program, it is up to us as teachers to be fully aware of existing conditions and implement appropriate practice!