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Introduction to Windows 98. Session 1 Making Computers Easier to Use. Windows. An graphic user interface (GUI) designed to make the computer easier to use First announced by Microsoft in the early 1980s

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Introduction to windows 98

Introduction to Windows 98

Session 1

Making Computers Easier

to Use


Windows
Windows

  • An graphic user interface (GUI) designed to make the computer easier to use

  • First announced by Microsoft in the early 1980s

  • Many concepts used in Windows were borrowed from the Apple Macintosh interface which itself was heavily predicated on work at Xerox Parc


Windows1
Windows

  • Windows 95 - Introduced Aug. of 1995

    • Made Windows easier to use

    • Combined OS with new GUI

  • Windows 98 - Introduced June of 1998

    • Enhances the previous versiont to make Windows even easier to use

    • Folds many features of the World Wide Web into Windows


Starting exiting windows
Starting/Exiting Windows

  • Starting

    • Turn on machine

    • Windows automatically loads

  • Stopping

    • Always exit properly - temporary files are opened that have to be properly closed

    • Start, Shut Down…, Shut down the computer?, Yes

    • Wait for message to turn off computer


Windows terminology p 2
Windows Terminology - p. 2

  • Desktop - Workspace on the screen for opening windows and applications

    • Object - any image that appears on the desktop

    • Icon - a graphic representation of an object

    • Properties - control how an object behaves and operates in a Windows environment


Role of the mouse p 3
Role of the Mouse - p. 3

  • Used to interact with graphic elements/ icons/menus

  • Left button actions - Table 1.1

    • Point

    • Click

    • Double-click

    • Drag

  • Right-button - activates context menus

  • Deselect - click anywhere on screen

  • Pointer Shape - Table 1-2


Tooltips
ToolTips

  • Contains explanatory text about an icon or button

  • Appears when the mouse pointer is positioned over the object

  • Use greatly expanded in Windows 98


Some desktop objects p 9
Some Desktop Objects - p. 9

  • My Computer - provides access to computer resources

  • Recycle Bin - restores deleted files

  • Taskbar - shows a button for each open window as well as a status area

    • Status area/system tray

    • Toolbars

  • Start Button - activates menus for accessing programs, files, etc....


Manipulating multiple windows
Manipulating Multiple Windows

  • Many windows can be open at a time

  • Active window

    • Colored title bar

    • Appears on top

  • Inactive window - grey title bar

  • Every open window generates a button on the status bar

  • Multitasking - p. 11


Controlling desktop appearance
Controlling Desktop Appearance

  • Active Desktop - Windows 98 name for the desktop

  • Able to control the appearance of the Channel Bar

  • Web-based wallpaper

  • Web-like links for objects

  • Folder Options dialog box controls for My Computer:

    • Web style

    • Classic style


Parts of a window p 25
Parts of a Window - p. 25

  • Border

  • Size Grip

  • Title bar

    • Application/Window name

    • Control-menu button

    • Minimize button

    • Maximize/Restore button

    • Close button

  • Scroll Bar


Parts of a window cont
Parts of a Window (cont.)

  • Standard toolbar

    • Contains buttons for frequently used commands

    • Single click instead of menu sequence

  • Address Box

    • Immediately specify drive/directory

    • Enter Web address and start browser

  • Status Bar


Manipulating windows
Manipulating Windows

  • Moving

  • Resizing

  • Opening and Closing

  • Minimizing

  • Maximizing

  • Restoring


Menu bar p 28
Menu Bar - p. 28

  • May have control buttons for a document

  • Pull-down menus

  • Shortcut commands


Menu conventions table 1 3
Menu Conventions - Table 1.3

  • Menu graphics give clues

    • Ellipsis Option invokes a dialog box

    • Dimmed Option not available

    • Check This option is in effect

    • Dot This option is in effect

    • Keys Shortcut command for option

    • Triangle Invokes additional menu


Dialog boxes p 33
Dialog Boxes - p. 33

  • Invoked when a command is followed by an ellipsis

  • Used to provide additional information to be used by a command

  • Controls - allow you to interact with dialog boxes


Dialog box controls p 33
Dialog Box Controls - p. 33

  • Option Buttons

  • List boxes

  • Check Boxes

  • Command Buttons

  • Text Boxes

  • Spin Boxes

  • Word Print Dialog box - p. 33