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Chile (Republic of Chile)

Chile (Republic of Chile)

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Chile (Republic of Chile)

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  1. Chile(Republic of Chile) “Por la razon of la fuerza”

  2. Introduction • In the 16th century Chile was inhabited by indigenous Indians… The Inca (north territory) and Mapuche (central and southern territory) . Capital: • Santiago Population: • 16,888,760 Living in Urban areas: 86% Major Cities: • Puente Alto • Valparaiso • Antofagasta

  3. Ethnic groups: • White and Amerindian: 95.4% • Mapuche: 4% • Other indigenous groups: 0.6% Religions: • Roman Catholic: 70%, Evangelical: 15.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses: 1.1%, other Christian: 1%, other 4.6%, none: 8.3% Languages: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English Literacy: • People over the age of 15 can read and write. 95. 7% • 4% GDP: 103 In the world

  4. Geography Location: • Southern part of South America • Borders the Pacific Ocean Area: • Land: 743,812 sq km • Water: 12,290 sq km • About the size of Montana • Easter Island and Isla Sala y Gomez are part of Chile. Climate: • North: Desert • Central region: Mediterranean • South: Cool and damp Terrain: • Low mountains around the Coast • Fertile valleys • In the East, the rugged Andes mountains

  5. Geography… Elevation: • Highest Point:  6,880m Nevado Ojos del Salado • Lowest Point: 0m Pacific Ocean Natural Resources: • Copper, timber, precious metals, hydropower, nitrates… Land Use: • Arable land: 2.62% • Permanent: 0.43% • Other: 96.95%

  6. Government Independence: • September 18, 1810 (from Spain) Government type: • Republic (Influenced by Western European) • Three branches of Government • Suffrage: Age 18 • Elections: The President is chosen by popular vote for a four year term. The current President is Sebastian Piñera. • The government is also very influenced by the Roman Catholic Church.

  7. Military In Chile you get the wonderful choice of joining the… • Army • Air force • Navy • Carabineros de Chile ( Queens Dragons) • The military is mandatory for 12-24 months for male citizens after turning 18. For women it is not mandatory but they can volunteer for service. Chile does have a drafting system for military emergencies. • GDP: 3.9%

  8. Mapuche • The Mapuche are a group of Indians Native to Chile. They have been around since Spain conquered Chile. With the new colonization the Mapuche migrated east to the Andes mountains. The Mapuche fought many wars over territory. ( Ex: the Battle of the Maule against the Inca) The Mapuche still roam Chile and keep most of their traditions.

  9. Some Current Events… MhmXD Chile Quake Is One of the Biggest in a Century. • In 2010, an earthquake struck near Chile’s coast at a magnitude of 8.8. In Copiapo, Chile, 33 miners were buried alive for about two months as an effect of the earthquake. Chile donates land for world’s largest optical telescope. • The Foreign Ministry of Chile signed over 213 square miles of land to the European Organization for Astronomical Research. They are working on building the largest optical telescope on the Southern Hemisphere.

  10. Work Cited • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html • http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704231304575091611248294970.html • http://www.santiagotimes.cl/chile/science-technology/22681-chile-donates-land-for-worlds-largest-optical-telescope • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mapuche

  11. Pictures Cited • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=chile+earthquake&num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=x9ZtN1YIuAlF4M:&imgrefurl=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/chile/7403578/Chile- • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=chile+earthquake&start=62&num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=Gj3TUmCgTAvkxM:&imgrefurl=http://www.columban.org.au/Archives/features/2010 • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=chile+earthquake&start=124&num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=xhxleQB_5IRGnM:&imgrefurl=http://www.greenfudge.org/2010/03/1 • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=chile+earthquake&num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=x9ZtN1YIuAlF4M:&imgrefurl=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne

  12. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=easterisland&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=5kRWRF68fnKRzM:&imgrefurl=http://www.world-mysteries.com/easter_island.htm&docid=Mihttp://www.google.com/imgres?q=easterisland&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=5kRWRF68fnKRzM:&imgrefurl=http://www.world-mysteries.com/easter_island.htm&docid=Mi • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Nevado+Ojos+del+Salado&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=RWF0dJwY01p_VM:&imgrefurl=http://iiiregiondechileatacama.blogspot.com/p/relieve.html&docid=0s5Qfwn7ym5AJM • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=sebastian+pinera&num=10&um=1&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=-4DTwqfenxMRjM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thomaswhite.com/explore-the-world/globa • http://www.google.com/search?pq=mapuche&hl=en&sugexp=kjrmc&cp=8&gs_id=4&xhr=t&q=mapuche+indians&gs_sm=&gs_upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&biw=1366&bih=624&um=1&ie