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General Psychology (PSY2200 MBAC) . CHAPTER O8: MEMORY. Video. LIVING WITHOUT MEMORY. Information Processing A Model of Memory. External Events. Sensory Input. Sensory Memory. Attention. Unconscious Processing. Working (Short-term) Memory. Retrieving. Encoding. Long-term Memory.

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Presentation Transcript
video
Video

LIVING WITHOUT MEMORY

information processing a model of memory
Information ProcessingA Model of Memory

External Events

Sensory Input

Sensory Memory

Attention

Unconscious Processing

Working (Short-term)

Memory

Retrieving

Encoding

Long-term Memory

storage implicit versus implicit memory
StorageImplicit Versus Implicit Memory

Explicit

(Declarative)

With Conscious Recall

Processed in Hippocampus

Facts

General Knowledge

Personally-

Experienced Events

storage implicit versus implicit memory5
StorageImplicit Versus Implicit Memory

Implicit

(Nondeclarative)

Without Conscious Recall

Processed in other brain areas,

including cerebellum

Facts

General Knowledge

Personally-

Experienced Events

memory retrieval
MemoryRetrieval
  • Priming:activation of a neural network
  • Context Effects:why did I come in this room?
  • Mood Effects
    • Mood congruence: tendency to recall memories that are consistent with one’s good or bad mood
    • State-dependent memory
    • Emotions effect what and how we remember
the sins of memory daniel schacter 1999
The Sins of MemoryDaniel Schacter (1999)
  • Three sins of forgetting
    • Absent-mindedness: inattention to details leads to encoding failure
    • Transience: storage decay over time
    • Blocking: inaccessibility of stored information
  • Three sins of distortion
    • Misattribution: confusing the source
    • Suggestibility: lingering effects of misinformation
    • Bias: belief-colored recollection
  • One sin of intrusion
    • Persistence: unwanted memories
forgetting encoding failure
ForgettingEncoding Failure

External Events

Sensory Input

Sensory Memory

Attention

Unconscious Processing

Working (Short-term)

Memory

Retrieving

Encoding

Long-term Memory

forgetting interference
ForgettingInterference

Proactive interference

External Events

Retroactive interference

Sensory Input

Sensory Memory

Attention

Unconscious Processing

Working (Short-term)

Memory

Retrieving

Encoding

Long-term Memory

improving memory
Improving Memory
  • Spend more time rehearsing or actively thinking about he material
  • Make the material personally meaningful
  • To remember a list of unfamiliar items, use mnemonic devices
  • Refresh your memory by activating retrieval cues
  • Minimize interference
  • Test your own knowledge, both to rehearse it and to help determine what you do not yet know