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Observations of Enhanced Black Carbon radiative forcing over an Urban Environment. A.S.Panicker, G. Pandithurai, P.D.Safai, S.Dipu Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Pashan, Pune-411008, India Email : abhilashpanicker@gmail.com. Accent Plus Symposium, Urbino, Italy, 17-20 Sep2013.

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accent plus symposium urbino italy 17 20 sep2013

Observations of Enhanced Black Carbon

radiative forcing over an Urban Environment

A.S.Panicker, G. Pandithurai, P.D.Safai, S.Dipu

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

Pashan, Pune-411008, India

Email : abhilashpanicker@gmail.com

Accent Plus Symposium, Urbino, Italy, 17-20 Sep2013

objectives
Objectives
  • To estimate Composite (total) aerosol direct radiative forcing in short wavelength region using chemical composition data
  • To Estimate direct radiative forcing solely due to Black Carbon (BC)
  • To find the contribution of BC to total aerosol radiative forcing

Accent Plus Symposium, Urbino, Italy, 17-20 Sep2013

observations and models used for study
Observations and Models Used for study…

Instruments

  • Aethalometer
  • High volume sampler
  • Sun/Sky radiometer

Models

  • OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF AEROSOLS AND CLOUDS (OPAC)
  • SANTA BARBARA DISCRETE ORDINATE RADIATIVE TRANSFER MODEL (SBDART)
aethalometer high volume sampler sun skyradimeter
Aethalometer, High Volume sampler, Sun/Skyradimeter

Aethalometer

High volume sampler

Prede Sun/Skyradiometer

opac optical properties of aerosols and clouds

MODELS

OPAC (Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds)
  • OPAC Estimates Optical properties of aerosols from 0.2- 40µm (AOD,SSA,ASP, Extinction coeff etc.).
  • Uses atmospheric chemistry data sets as Input
  • Data sets from High volume sampler ( water soluble and acid soluble components) and Aethalometer (Black carbon)
sbdart santa barbara discrete ordinate radiative transfer model
SBDART(SANTA BARBARA DISCRETE ORDINATE RADIATIVE TRANSFER MODEL)
  • 1-dimensional model – Incorporates aerosol observations
  • Plane parallel atmosphere
  • Line-by-Line integration
  • Default Temperature & water vapor profiles: TROPICAL, MID-LATITUDE SUMMER , MID-LATITUDE WINTER , SUB-ARCTIC SUMMER , SUB-ARCTIC WINTER .
sbdart
SBDART.....
  • Aerosol Optical Depth
  • Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo
  • Asymmetry Parameter
      • Derived from Observations
      • Surface Albedo (From MODIS)
      • Water vapor column (From MODIS)
      • Column ozone(From TOMS/OMI)

Fluxes at different levels (Surface & TOA)

  • Downward, Upward, and Direct Fluxes
slide9

Methodology

  • Aerosol Short wave radiative forcing estimation for composite aerosols
  • Water soluble, Acid soluble componets and BC data as inputs in OPAC
  • OPAC derived Composite aerosol optical properties: AOD, SSA and ASP from 0.2-4 μm as inputs in SBDART
  • Short wave radiative forcing at Surface, TOA and Atmosphere by total aerosol mass

Aerosol Radiative forcing = Fluxes with aerosols- Fluxes with out aerosols

  • Aerosol Short wave radiative forcing estimation for Black Carbon (BC) aerosols
  • Black carbon data alone as input in OPAC
  • OPAC derived BC aerosol AOD, SSA and ASP from 0.2-4 μm as inputs in SBDART
  • Short wave radiative forcing at Surface, TOA and Atmosphere byBC aerosols
seasonal averages of shortwave atmospheric forcing for composite and for bc aerosols over pune
Seasonal averages of shortwave atmospheric forcing for composite and for BC aerosolsover Pune
summary
Summary
  • OPAC derived aerosol optical properties for composite aerosols and for BC fraction alone has been incorporated in SBDART to derive composite and BC only aerosol forcing respectively for different seasons
  • The atmospheric forcing derived for composite aerosols were found to be +35.5, +32.9, +47.6 Wm-2 and for BC fraction alone these were found to be +18.8, + 23.4 and +17.2 Wm-2 during post-monsoon, winter and pre-monsoon, respectively.
  • The study suggests that eventhogh BC contributes 1.6-5% by mass in total aerosols loading, on an average, it contributes to around 55% of the total atmospheric aerosol radiative forcing due to strong radiative absorption by BC.
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Prof. Michele Maione, ACCENT plus, W.M.O for supports
  • Director IITM

Thank You For Kind Attention