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The Rights of Unaccompanied Immigrant Children. Research Resources & Strategies. Lyonette Louis-Jacques. D’Angelo Law Library University of Chicago Law School October 16, 2012. Unaccompanied Children: U.S. Immigration Law. U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS)

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The rights of unaccompanied immigrant children

The Rights of Unaccompanied Immigrant Children

Research Resources & Strategies

Lyonette Louis-Jacques

D’Angelo Law Library

University of Chicago Law School

October 16, 2012

Unaccompanied children u s immigration law
Unaccompanied Children: U.S. Immigration Law

  • U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS)

    • Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), updated to 2010

  • Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA, 2008)(via

  • MOUs (e.g. state child protection agencies w/ Mexican consulate on children of Mexican nationals)

  • Standards for the Custody, Placement and Care; Legal Representation; and Adjudication of Unaccompanied Alien Children in the United States (ABA Commission on Immigration 2004 guidelines)

  • State child welfare legislation (NCSL)

  • Immigration law: Study Aids, Treatises

  • Immigration law research guide: Georgetown; CALI lesson

Unaccompanied chidren u s agencies and organizations
Unaccompanied Chidren: U.S. Agencies and Organizations

  • U.S. DOJ, Executive Office for Immigration Review (2008 guidelines)

  • U.S. Customs and Border Patrol (CBP)

    • Division of Unaccompanied Children’s Services ((DUCS)

  • Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)

    • Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM)

  • The Young Center for Immigrant Children’s Rights (Resources)

  • Immigrant Children’s Protection Project, National Immigrant Justice Center (Heartland Alliance)

  • Detention and Asylum Program, Women’s Refugee Commission

    • Forced from Home (October 2012, children fleeing violence in Central America)

  • Migration Policy Institute (MPI)

    • Unaccompanied Minors and Their Journey through the US Immigration System (2012, video)

  • National Center for Refugee and Immigrant Children (USCRI)

  • Unaccompanied Children Program, Vera Institute of Justice

  • Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)

Conducting country of origin research
Conducting country of origin research

  • CIA World Factbook(and current news sources)

  • IRB Canada’s Country Factsheets/National Documentation Packages

  • DOS: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices; Trafficking in Persons Report; religious freedom; child labor

  • Country reports (multiple links via the Int’l Human Rights ERG)

  • Africa

    • Anglophone, francophone; Africa, northern, western

    • Eritrea, Mali, Rwanda

  • Americas

    • Central America, Latin America, North America, South America

    • Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador

    • Mexico

  • Asia

    • China (East Asia)

    • India (South Asia)

  • Europe

How to find foreign child protection laws pt 1
How to find foreign child protection laws, Pt. 1

  • Representing Children Worldwide (Yale, 2005)

  • Sources of law: Civil, family, children, minors codes; official gazettes of law (Government Gazettes Online)

  • Country child welfare, justice agencies (minors, children)

  • Children’s Rights (Library of Congress; Int’l, China, Mexico)

  • Children’s Rights (Human Rights Watch)

  • NGO/IGO publications

    • E.g. Harmonisation of Children’s Laws in Eritrea(2006, PDF), Mali, Rwanda (ACERWC/The African Child Policy Forum)

    • Child-Friendly Laws in Africa (ACPF)

How to find foreign child protection laws pt 2
How to find foreign child protection laws, Pt. 2

  • General research guides

    • Foreign Law Guide (Tom Reynolds & Arturo Flores, $)

      • Subjects: Family, Criminal (for juvenile justice, sexual abuse)

      • No entry for Eritrea

    • Globalex (includes Eritrea)

    • Guide to Law Online (Law Library of Congress; includes Eritrea)

    • Basic Guide to Researching Foreign Law (Mary Rumsey: Globalex; see also her CALI lesson)

How to find foreign child protection laws pt 3
How to find foreign child protection laws, Pt. 3

  • Databases

    • Subscription ($)

      • Manupatra(India)

      • vLex(China, India, Mexico)

      • Mexico Civil Code Annotated (MEXCIVCODE via Westlaw)

      • ChinaLawInfo/LawInfoChina, Westlaw China

      • LexisNexis (China, India, Mexico)

    • Free

      • AfricanLII

      • WorldLII

      • GLIN (Global Legal Information Network)(currently not available)

      • RefWorld (UNHCR)

      • Migration Law Database (IOM)

How to find books other works
How to find books & other works

  • Library catalog, Lens, WorldCat

  • Alternate terms: “separated children”, “minor migrants”, minors, adolescents, youth, juveniles

  • LC Subject Headings

    • Immigrant children – Legal status, laws, etc. – [region, country]

    • Unaccompanied refugee children – Legal status, laws, etc.

    • Refugee children – Legal status, laws, etc. – [region, country]

    • Asylum, Right of – [region, country]

    • Children’s rights – [region, country]

    • Child welfare – [region, country]

Selected books reports
Selected Books & Reports

  • Forced from Home: The Lost Boys and Girls of Central America (Women’s Refugee Commission, 2012)

    • Unaccompanied Children Backgrounder (children in immigration detention in the U.S.)

  • The Flow of Unaccompanied Children through the Immigration System: a Resource for Practitioners, Policy Makers, and Researchers (Vera Institute of Justice, 2012)

  • Unaccompanied Immigrant Children: A Growing Phenomenon with Few Easy Solutions (Migration Information Source, 2011)

  • Halfway Home: Unaccompanied Children in Immigration Custody (WRC, 2009)

  • Unaccompanied Children in the United States: A Literature Review(Vera Institute of Justice, 2008)

  • Seeking Asylum Alone: Unaccompanied Separated Children and Refugee Protection in the U.S. (Jacqueline Bhabha& Susan Schmidt, 2006)

  • Protecting Unaccompanied Immigrant and Refugee Children in the United States (Human Rights, 2005)

  • Law of Asylum in the United States (Deborah E. Anker, 2011 ed. Westlaw)

How to find journal articles
How to find journal articles

  • Journal and News Articles

    • Finding Journal Articles (including international news)

    • Finding Law Journal Articles

    • Peace Palace Library Catalogue

    • Finding Non-Law Journal Articles (including news)

      • Articles Plus

      • Sociological Abstracts

      • Social Work Abstracts

      • Child Development and Adolescent Studies

    • African Studies, East Asian Studies, Latin American Studies, Southern Asian Studies LibGuides

    • UN News, Reliefweb, Factiva, Facts on File, Keesing’s Record of World Events

    • Children’s rights journals

International regime pt 1
International regime, Pt. 1

  • ASIL Electronic Resource Guide: International Human Rights (also the Introduction)

  • U.S. treaties with country of origin (HeinOnline (TIF, UST), LexisNexis, Westlaw, United Nations)

  • International Legal Research in a Nutshell (Reserve)

  • Convention on the Rights of the Child

    • Articles 9, 10, 11, 19, 22 (refugee children, unaccompanied), 33 (sexual exploitation and sexual abuse), 35 (trafficking), 38 (armed conflict)

  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library

    • Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

      • General Comments (see No.6), Concluding Observations

  • OHCHR: Human Rights Issues: Children

    • Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

      • UN Treaty Bodies Database

    • Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

International regime pt 2
International regime, Pt. 2

  • Official Document System (ODS, UN)

  • African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (African Union)

  • Hague Convention for the Protection of Children

  • Organization of American States (OAS): Children

    • Inter-American Children's Institute

    • IACR—Rapporteurship on the Rights of the Child

    • Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children

    • Anti-Trafficking in Persons Section

International regime pt 3
International regime, Pt. 3

  • Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children (PDF)

  • International Organization for Migration

    • IML Information Note on the Protection of Unaccompanied Migrant Children (2011)

  • Unicef (Child Protection; InnocentiChildren’s Rights)

    • Combating Child Trafficking: Handbook for Parliamentarians (2005)

    • Child Protection: A Handbook for Parliamentarians (2004)

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR, UN Refugee Agency)

    • Detention Guidelines (2012; 9.2, Children)

    • Regional Conference on Migration (RCM), Regional Guidelines for the Assistance to Unaccompanied Children in Cases of Repatriation (2009)

    • Guidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child (2008)

    • Guidelines on Policies and Procedures in Dealing with Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum (1997)

Crc legislative history
CRC legislative history

  • Legislative History of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (OHCHR, 2007)English: Part I and Part II

  • Sharon Detrick, A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1999)

Non governmental organizations
Non-governmental organizations

  • Human Rights Watch: Children’s Rights

  • NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child

  • Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS)

  • Refugee Caselaw Site (University of Michigan)

  • Child Rights International Network (CRIN)

    • CRC in Court: Case-Law Database

    • Refugees and Unaccompanied Children

      • CRC Article 22

      • Laws on refugees and unaccompanied children

      • General Comment no.6: Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside of their country of origin

      • Refugee and Displaced Children: Rough Guide to International Law and Standards

Child trafficking
Child trafficking

  • Trafficking in Persons Report (U.S. Dept. of State)

  • The Protection Project

  • Child Migration Research Network (UK)

  • Human Trafficking (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC))

    • Global Report on Trafficking in Persons (2009)

    • Human Trafficking Case Law Database

    • Human Trafficking Indicators (for children)


Ask A Law Librarian!

Lyonette Louis-Jacques

[email protected]