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Hundred Years War. HH World Studies 2012-2013. Series of conflicts between England and France that were fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the Hundred Years War. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Causes of the war. French king died without an heir

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Hundred years war

Hundred Years War

HH World Studies

2012-2013


The hundred years war 1337 1453

The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)


Causes of the war
Causes of the war fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the


Succession

  • French king died without an heir fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the

  • Two claims to the throne

    • Edward III of England (direct claim to the throne)

    • Philip of Valois (the French choice)

succession


French family tree
French Family Tree fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the


French lands

  • The King of England is a vassal to the French king fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the

  • The proximity of France to England and the overlapping political and economic interests set the two nations on a collision course.

French Lands


French lands1

English monarchs owned lands in Normandy (since the conquest) and Aquitaine (through marriage)

France was not a united country. The king only controlled about half of his own lands.

French lands


National unity

National Unity


Economic rivalry

Economic Rivalry


Strengths and weaknesses
Strengths and Weaknesses center in Europe

Before the War


French advantages

  • Larger population (about 16,000,000) center in Europe

  • Home-field advantage

  • Far richer than England

  • At one point, the French fielded an army of over 50,000  at most, Britain mustered only 32,000.

French Advantages


French disadvantages

French Disadvantages


English advantages

  • Strong Central Government center in Europe

  • Military discipline

  • Technological/weapons superiority

  • Relied on strategy rather than numbers

    • Avoided pitched battles

    • Preferred quick raids

English Advantages


The longbow

The Longbow


Hundred years war

The British center in EuropeLongbow: The Battle of Poitiers, 1356


Hundred years war

The center in EuropeUse of the Cannon at Orleans


The hundred years war in 3 parts
The Hundred Years War center in Europein 3 Parts

English Advances into France

Internal Struggles

French Rally, Joan of Arc


I english advances

  • England army seizes center in EuropeCalais on the French mainland

  • France suffers from internal conflict

    • Aristocracy demand political rights

    • Peasants revolt in 1358

  • English momentum ends with the death of Edward III

I. English Advances


Hundred years war

Early English Victories center in Europe

Height of English dominance


Ii internal struggles

II. Internal Struggles


Iii the french rally

  • French rally around Charles VII most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Joan inspires the French to a series of victories

  • 1453, French expel English from the mainland (except for port city of Calais)

III. The French Rally


Joan of arc

  • French peasant girl most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Received a revelation from God

  • Mission to restore the heir to the throne

  • Captured and executed as a heretic

  • Became an inspiration to the French Resistance and a symbol of national identity

Joan of Arc


Effects of the war
Effects of the War most heavily to pay for the war)


French outcomes

  • Awakened French nationalism most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Helped the state become more centralized

  • Heavy taxes fell on the peasantry

French Outcomes


English outcomes

English Outcomes


Larger impacts

  • Burden falls hardest on peasants competing for the throne

  • Downfall of feudalism

  • Revolution in European warfare

    • English longbow meant the end of knights

    • Gunpowder and cannons could take down castle walls

  • Allowed strong and wealthy king to centralize power at the expense of rebellious nobles

Larger Impacts