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Hundred Years War. HH World Studies 2012-2013. Series of conflicts between England and France that were fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the Hundred Years War. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Causes of the war. French king died without an heir

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Hundred years war

Hundred Years War

HH World Studies


The hundred years war 1337 1453

The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)

Causes of the war
Causes of the war fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the


  • French king died without an heir fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the

  • Two claims to the throne

    • Edward III of England (direct claim to the throne)

    • Philip of Valois (the French choice)


French family tree
French Family Tree fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the

French lands

  • The King of England is a vassal to the French king fought on and off over a hundred years and have become known as the

  • The proximity of France to England and the overlapping political and economic interests set the two nations on a collision course.

French Lands

French lands1

English monarchs owned lands in Normandy (since the conquest) and Aquitaine (through marriage)

France was not a united country. The king only controlled about half of his own lands.

French lands

National unity

National Unity

Economic rivalry

Economic Rivalry

Strengths and weaknesses
Strengths and Weaknesses center in Europe

Before the War

French advantages

  • Larger population (about 16,000,000) center in Europe

  • Home-field advantage

  • Far richer than England

  • At one point, the French fielded an army of over 50,000  at most, Britain mustered only 32,000.

French Advantages

French disadvantages

French Disadvantages

English advantages

  • Strong Central Government center in Europe

  • Military discipline

  • Technological/weapons superiority

  • Relied on strategy rather than numbers

    • Avoided pitched battles

    • Preferred quick raids

English Advantages

The longbow

The Longbow

Hundred years war

The British center in EuropeLongbow: The Battle of Poitiers, 1356

Hundred years war

The center in EuropeUse of the Cannon at Orleans

The hundred years war in 3 parts
The Hundred Years War center in Europein 3 Parts

English Advances into France

Internal Struggles

French Rally, Joan of Arc

I english advances

  • England army seizes center in EuropeCalais on the French mainland

  • France suffers from internal conflict

    • Aristocracy demand political rights

    • Peasants revolt in 1358

  • English momentum ends with the death of Edward III

I. English Advances

Hundred years war

Early English Victories center in Europe

Height of English dominance

Ii internal struggles

II. Internal Struggles

Iii the french rally

  • French rally around Charles VII most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Joan inspires the French to a series of victories

  • 1453, French expel English from the mainland (except for port city of Calais)

III. The French Rally

Joan of arc

  • French peasant girl most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Received a revelation from God

  • Mission to restore the heir to the throne

  • Captured and executed as a heretic

  • Became an inspiration to the French Resistance and a symbol of national identity

Joan of Arc

Effects of the war
Effects of the War most heavily to pay for the war)

French outcomes

  • Awakened French nationalism most heavily to pay for the war)

  • Helped the state become more centralized

  • Heavy taxes fell on the peasantry

French Outcomes

English outcomes

English Outcomes

Larger impacts

  • Burden falls hardest on peasants competing for the throne

  • Downfall of feudalism

  • Revolution in European warfare

    • English longbow meant the end of knights

    • Gunpowder and cannons could take down castle walls

  • Allowed strong and wealthy king to centralize power at the expense of rebellious nobles

Larger Impacts