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Chapter 26: The Politics of Protest The Growth of the Youth Movement
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  1. Chapter 26: The Politics of ProtestThe Growth of the Youth Movement • 1950s had been the era of peace & prosperty • The younger generations were affected by significant events around them: • Civil Rights • Class Segregation • Cold War • Mistrust in U.S. Gov’t • RESULT: Power in numbers! Youths were represented by the baby boomer generation who would now take part in society

  2. The Free Speech Movement • Begins @ the University of California, Berkeley in response to a ban on students against political protesting • Caused a rift between students & administration leading to arrests • Launched nation-wide free speech movement • RESULT: Supreme Court upholds the students’ right to freedom of speech… this would pave the way for future college demonstrations

  3. Counterculture: a culture with values & beliefs different than the mainstream HIPPIES • Began as a reaction to the 1950s stereotype of “the man” in a suit who led a constricted life • As it grew – many just joined for: fashion & drugs • Many lived in communes: group living arrangements where people share everything • Most popular location: Haight-Ashbury, San Francisco • Anti: Western civilization, rationality, order, tradition • Pro: freedom, closeness to nature, love, empathy, tolerance, cooperation

  4. Counterculture Cont’d… • New Religious Movements • In a movement of rejection towards materialism, many people embraced spirituality • Astrology, magic, eastern religions, Christianity • The Counterculture Declines • After a few years the movement deteriorates • Hippie communities turned to criminalized areas • Drug education heightened • Most returned to “mainstream” society when they were unable to support themselves financially

  5. FASHION • “costumes” rather than “uniforms” • Colorful, beaded, braided, patched, fringed clothing • Comfort, layers, loosely worn garments • “recycling” military uniforms with new designs as a means of protesting war • Longer hair

  6. ART • Pop Art: art that reflects pop culture • Photos, comics, ads, brand-names • Andy Warhol: most famous pop artist • Music & Dance • Rock continues to flourish (BEATLEMANIA!!!) • Rock paired with storytelling about the rifts between generations (Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix) • Woodstock: 1969 NY festival with music & dance

  7. FEMINISM: the belief that men + women should be equal politically, economically & socially • Women had played major roles in wartime & raising families • Now wanted TRUE equality, not just on paper (think 19th amendment) • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA): 1972 – protests women against discrimination • Goal: equality within: • The workplace • As writers/authors • As teachers

  8. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: an active effort to improve employment/educational opportunities for minorities • Critics saw this as a form of “reverse discrimination” • Goal: opportunities in: • Education, Politics, Job markets, Farmworkers • Applied to (mainly): • African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans • Cesar Chavez: most important advocate for Mexican America laborers

  9. Environmentalism: Going Green! • Goal: be more eco-conscious to extend the life of people, wildlife & the planet • Cut down on: pollution, pesticides, smog • Increase: recycling programs, education, legislation • New Ideas Included: • Earth Day! (April 22nd each year) • Nuclear energy (cleaner) vs. burning fossil fuels

  10. The Consumer Movement • Goal: for ALL PEOPLE to put SAFETY as the 1st priority in products, THEN looks, style, etc… • Most impacted industry: automobiles • Result: now consumers would know to become more educated in product-research & comparison before making a purchase

  11. Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!

  12. Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!

  13. Rotate to each station. Bulletize notes. IMPORTANT ASPECTS are bolded/underlined. These ARE your notes!