Creative Cooking 1 FRUITS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Creative Cooking 1 FRUITS

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  1. Creative Cooking 1FRUITS

  2. Nutritionally • Fruits are High in Vitamins • Low in Fat • Fruits should be washed in cold running water (fruit retains most nutrients)

  3. Vitamins • Best sources of Vitamin Care Citrus Fruits (need about 75mg/day) • (oranges 1 c. = 97.5mg) • Strawberries are high as well (1 c. = 89.4mg)

  4. Fruits High in Vitamin A • Bright yellow fruits • Cantaloupes • Apricots

  5. Fruit can be purchased • Fresh – nutritionally best • Frozen • Dried • Canned – nutritionally worst, lose nutrients to water pack.

  6. Qualities of Purchased fruit • Ripe fruit – ready to eat, peak color, peak taste, aromatic • Under ripe – full sized but not peak quality, will ripen • Immature – small, poor color, flavor & texture will not improve

  7. Fruits are Classified • By Physical Characteristics • Where They Are Grown

  8. Berries

  9. Berries Thin skinned Grown in clusters Delicate Juicy Contain tiny edible seeds

  10. Strawberries • Blueberries • Raspberries • Cranberries

  11. Grapes are also berries, why?

  12. Berry Selection: • Correct color to start (will not ripen with time) • No mold • Not dimpled or shriveled (due to moisture loss) • Grapes should not fall off of stem

  13. Special handling • Do not wash berries until ready to use • Grapes are berries that will sweeten with age

  14. Fruit Haiku Poems Haiku poems are five syllables seven syllables five syllables

  15. My Sample: Pomes Buy with no bruises Can contain several seeds Apples, Pears, YUMMY! Which ever kitchen writes a poem first (that makes sense) will win that round, the group that wins overall will get to pick their recipe first when we create the veggie lab.

  16. Drupes • Fleshy fruit • Single pit center

  17. Drupes include: Peaches Apricots Nectarines

  18. Another Drupe

  19. Another Drupe???

  20. Drupe Selection • Should not have bruises • Yield slightly to pressure • Will ripen faster when kept in brown paper bag • Do not buy too hard – may not ripen

  21. Fruit Haiku Poems • Haiku poems are • five syllables • seven syllables • five syllables

  22. Pomes

  23. Pomes • Fruit that has several seeds Such as:

  24. Pomes selection • Select ones without bruises • Apples should be purchased when firm, and at peak quality • Pears yield slightly to pressure (can ripen in brown bag)

  25. Fruit Haiku Poems • Haiku poems are • five syllables • seven syllables • five syllables

  26. Citrus

  27. Citrus fruits • Are segmented • Thick outer skin • Thin membrane separating segments

  28. Citrus fruits include

  29. Variations of oranges • Tangerines • Tangelos (grapefruit, orange, & tangerine Crossbreed) • Navel • Valencia • Clementines (seedless Mandarin)

  30. Citrus Fruit Selection • Free from bruises • Should not be soft or shriveled

  31. Fruit Haiku Poems • Haiku poems are • five syllables • seven syllables • five syllables

  32. Melons

  33. Melons • Are large Contain many seed • Have thick skins

  34. Melons:

  35. Melon selection • Dry stem • Aromatic at stem end • Hollow melon sound when thumped • Shake – if you can hear seeds moving inside melon is ripe (not on watermelon)

  36. Fruit Haiku Poems • Haiku poems are • five syllables • seven syllables • five syllables

  37. Tropical • Grown in hot climate • Considered exotic • Characteristics vary with fruit

  38. Tropical fruits

  39. A different tropical, not so unusual, could it also be another category?

  40. Tropical fruits: • Pomegranate • Kiwi • Pineapple • Bananas • Mango • Papaya • Star fruit

  41. Bananas Ninos Plantains

  42. Bananas selection • Should be free from bruises • Will ripen at room temp • Refrigeration slows ripening • Will turn peel black if refrigerated

  43. Canned Fruits • Last a very long time • When packed in own juices are lower in calories (less sugar) vs. simple syrup • Are available in off season • May not have same texture as fresh fruit

  44. Choose cans • Free from dents • Bulges • Leaks

  45. Frozen Fruit • Fruits are available in the off season • Loses texture when thawed • Can be refrozen but loses quality • Buy packages without frost and with loose pieces of fruit (not in block)