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Rosh Chodesh

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  1. Rosh Chodesh Significance: The beginning of a new month Observances: Torah readings, The holiday is publically announced on the Shabbat before it occurs

  2. Exo 12:1 Adonai spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt; he said, Exo 12:2 "You are to begin your calendar with this month; it will be the first month of the year for you. Exo 12:3 Speak to all the assembly of Isra'el and say, 'On the tenth day of this month, each man is to take a lamb or kid for his family, one per household —

  3. Question: So how do we tell the new month? What are we to look for? Does Israel follow what the Egyptians were doing or does Adonai tell us in HIS TORAH?

  4. Answer: (Num 10:10) "Also on your days of rejoicing, at your designated times and on Rosh-Hodesh, you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; these will be your reminder before your God. I am Adonai your God."

  5. Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? H7218 ראשׁrô'sh BDB Definition: 1) head, top, summit, upper part, chief, total, sum, height, front, beginning 1a) head (of man, animals), 1b) top, tip (of mountain), 1c) height (of stars), 1d) chief, head (of man, city, nation, place, family, priest), 1e) head, front, beginning, 1f) chief, choicest, best, 1g) head, division, company, band 1h) sum Part of Speech: noun masculine

  6. Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? H2320 חדשׁchôdesh BDB Definition: 1) the new moon, month, monthly 1a) the first day of the month 1b) the lunar month Part of Speech: noun masculine

  7. Question: So what is the spiritual importance of Rosh-Chodesh? The emergence of the moon - from darkness to light - is a picture of Adonai's salvation for all people Jew & Gentile and our personal deliverance from darkness to light. Note that the word for month is chodesh, etymologically related to chadash, meaning new.

  8. Question: Many people say there is an Old Testament & New Testament. Is there a old and new?

  9. Ecc 1:9 What has been is what will be, what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun. Ecc 1:9 That which4100, 7945 has been1961 is that which7945 will be, And that which4100, 7945 has been done6213a is that which7945 will be done6213a. So there369 is nothing369, 3605 new2319 under8478 the sun8121.

  10. Ecc 1:9 That which4100, 7945 has been1961 is that which7945 will be, And that which4100, 7945 has been done6213a is that which7945 will be done6213a. So there369 is nothing369, 3605 new2319 under8478 the sun8121. Before we the Hebrew word was H2320 H2319 חדשׁchâdâsh BDB Definition: 1) new, new thing, fresh

  11. Question: So what is Rosh-Chodesh? What does a new moon look like?

  12. In Hebrew, Rosh Chodesh means, literally, "head of the month" or "first of the month." Rosh Chodesh is the first day of any new month. If a month is 30 days long, then the 30th day is treated as part of the Rosh Chodesh for the next month, and the Rosh Chodesh for next month extends for two days (the 30th of the earlier month and the 1st of the later month).

  13. In ancient times, Rosh Chodesh was a significant festival day. At that time, the new months were determined by observation. Each month began when the first sliver of moon became visible after the dark of the moon. Observers would watch the sky at night for any sign of the moon. If they saw the moon, they would report their sightings to the Sanhedrin, which would interrogate them to make sure that they were not mistaken. Where in the sky did the moon appear? Which direction was it pointing? If two independent, reliable eyewitnesses confirmed that the new moon had appeared and described it consistently, the Sanhedrin would declare the new month and send out messengers to tell people when the month began.

  14. After the moon appeared was a festival, announced with the sounding of the shofar, (B’midbar 10:10) commemorated with solemn convocations, family festivities and special sacrifices. The importance of this holiday in ancient times should not be underestimated. The entire calendar was dependent upon these declarations; without the declarations, there would be no way of knowing when holidays were supposed to occur.

  15. Knowing precisely when Rosh Chodesh began was critical to the order of the mo'edim, or appointed times commanded by the LORD. In fact, the entire Jewish calendar was dependent upon knowing when Rosh Chodesh began, and without this information the set times for the festivals and holidays would be lost. 

  16. Questions: So what are the phases of the moon. What are Adonai’s months?

  17. Questions: So what are the phases of the moon.

  18. It takes about 29.5 days for the Moon to orbit the Earth. During each lunar orbit, the Moon's appearance changes from not visibly illuminated (a new moon) through partially illuminated (a waxing crescent) to fully illuminated (a full moon), then back through partially illuminated (a waning crescent) to not illuminated again (a new moon). This cycle of moon phases is called a lunation:

  19. The first time that the waxing crescent of the Moon is visible marks the beginning of a Jewish month, called Rosh Chodesh ("head of the month"). Twelve chodashim make a shanah or year (however, since 12 x 29.5 equals 354 days, but a solar year is 365 days, an extra month (called Adar Sheni) is added to the Hebrew calendar every two or three years in order to keep the solar seasons aligned with the lunar calendar).

  20. Astronomy note:The Earth's moon is about 400 times smaller than the Sun but it is also about 400 times closer, so that they both appear to be about the same size in the sky. This accords with the Scripture that says, Gen 1:16 God made the two great lights — the larger light to rule the day and the smaller light to rule the night — and the stars.

  21. The Jewish calendar, unlike the secular calendar, is arranged according to the phases of the moon. Many Jewish festivals fall on the full moon. Rosh Chodesh (literally, "head of the month" or "head of the moon"), the first of every Hebrew month, always falls on the new moon. In biblical times, Rosh Chodesh was a festival marked by celebratory sacrifice and feasting, in rabbinic times, bonfires were lit on the mountains to announce the arrival of the new moon, and today Rosh Chodesh remains a minor holiday for all traditional Jews. The renewal of the moon, when the moon begins to show its light after a dark period, is a day for Jews to celebrate their own renewal.

  22. Questions: What are Adonai’s months?

  23. Twelve chodashim make a shanah or year (however, since 12 x 29.5 equals 354 days, but a solar year is 365

  24. Mat 25:13 So stay alert, because you know neither the day nor the hour.

  25. Mat 25:13 So stay alert, because you know neither the day nor the hour.

  26. HISTORICAL APPLICATION OF THE FEASTS