the ferment of reform and culture 1790 1860
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The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790–1860

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Chapter 15. The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790–1860. Question. The Second Great Awakening transformed the place of religion in American life and sent a generation of believers out on their missions to perfect the world.

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question
Question

The Second Great Awakening

  • transformed the place of religion in American life and sent a generation of believers out on their missions to perfect the world.
  • relied on reason rather than revelation, on science rather than the Bible.
  • held that God existed in only one person (hence unitarian), and not in the orthodox Trinity.
  • rejected prison reform, the temperance cause, the women’s movement, and the crusade to abolish slavery.
answer
Answer

The Second Great Awakening

  • transformed the place of religion in American life and sent a generation of believers out on their missions to perfect the world. (correct)
  • relied on reason rather than revelation, on science rather than the Bible.
  • held that God existed in only one person (hence unitarian), and not in the orthodox Trinity.
  • rejected prison reform, the temperance cause, the women’s movement, and the crusade to abolish slavery.

Hint: See page 340.

question1
Question

All of the following were true of Brook Farm EXCEPT

  • it inspired the brotherly and sisterly cooperation of about twenty intellectuals, committed to the philosophy of transcendentalism.
  • it prospered reasonably well until 1846, when it lost, by fire, a large new communal building shortly before its completion.
  • the venture in “plain living and high thinking” lasted until well after the Civil War.
  • the Brook Farm experiment inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic novel, TheBlithedale Romance.
answer1
Answer

All of the following were true of Brook Farm EXCEPT

  • it inspired the brotherly and sisterly cooperation of about twenty intellectuals, committed to the philosophy of transcendentalism.
  • it prospered reasonably well until 1846, when it lost, by fire, a large new communal building shortly before its completion.
  • the venture in “plain living and high thinking” lasted until well after the Civil War. (correct)
  • the Brook Farm experiment inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic novel, The Blithedale Romance.

Hint: See page 354.

question2
Question

All of the following were true of the Mormons EXCEPT

  • it was a native American product, a new religion, destined to spread its influence worldwide.
  • their individualistic sect antagonized rank-and-file Americans, who were dedicated to cooperative free enterprise.
  • accusations of polygamy likewise arose and increased in intensity, for Joseph Smith was reputed to have several wives.
  • under the rigidly disciplined management of Brigham Young, the community became a prosperous frontier theocracy and a cooperative commonwealth.
answer2
Answer

All of the following were true of the Mormons EXCEPT

  • it was a native American product, a new religion, destined to spread its influence worldwide.
  • their individualistic sect antagonized rank-and-file Americans, who were dedicated to cooperative free enterprise. (correct)
  • accusations of polygamy likewise arose and increased in intensity, for Joseph Smith was reputed to have several wives.
  • under the rigidly disciplined management of Brigham Young, the community became a prosperous frontier theocracy and a cooperative commonwealth.

Hint: See pages 343–344.

question3
Question

The American Temperance Society did all of the following EXCEPT

  • implored drinkers to sign the temperance pledge.
  • organized children’s clubs, known as the “Cold Water Army.”
  • made effective use of pictures, pamphlets, and lurid lecturers, some of whom were reformed drunkards.
  • decreased the efficiency of labor.
answer3
Answer

The American Temperance Society did all of the following EXCEPT

  • implored drinkers to sign the temperance pledge.
  • organized children’s clubs, known as the “Cold Water Army.”
  • made effective use of pictures, pamphlets, and lurid lecturers, some of whom were reformed drunkards.
  • decreased the efficiency of labor. (correct)

Hint: See page 350.

question4
Question

The Maine Law legislated

  • abolitionism.
  • social purity.
  • penitentiary reform.
  • temperance.
answer4
Answer

The Maine Law legislated

  • abolitionism.
  • social purity.
  • penitentiary reform.
  • temperance. (correct)

Hint: See page 351.

question5
Question

The most important document to emerge from the Convention at Seneca Falls was a

  • “Declaration of Independence.”
  • “Declaration of Sentiments.”
  • “Declaration of the Rights of Man.”
  • “Declaration of Secession.”
answer5
Answer

The most important document to emerge from the Convention at Seneca Falls was a

  • “Declaration of Independence.”
  • “Declaration of Sentiments.” (correct)
  • “Declaration of the Rights of Man.”
  • “Declaration of Secession.”

Hint: See page 352.

question6
Question

All of the following were true of Transcendentalism EXCEPT it

  • resulted in part from a liberalizing of the straightjacket Puritan theology.
  • advocated the prevailing theory, derived from John Locke, that all knowledge comes to the mind through the senses.
  • owed much to foreign influences, including the German romantic philosophers and the religions of Asia.
  • posited that every person possesses an inner light that can illuminate the highest truth and put him or her in direct touch with God, or the “Oversoul.”
answer6
Answer

All of the following were true of Transcendentalism EXCEPT it

  • resulted in part from a liberalizing of the straightjacket Puritan theology.
  • advocated the prevailing theory, derived from John Locke, that all knowledge comes to the mind through the senses. (correct)
  • owed much to foreign influences, including the German romantic philosophers and the religions of Asia.
  • posited that every person possesses an inner light that can illuminate the highest truth and put him or her in direct touch with God, or the “Oversoul.”

Hint: See page 361.

question7
Question

The Oneida Community practiced all of the following EXCEPT

  • Polyandry (multiple husbands).
  • free love (“complex marriage”).
  • birth control (through “male continence,” or coitus reservatus).
  • eugenic selection of parents to produce superior offspring.
answer7
Answer

The Oneida Community practiced all of the following EXCEPT

  • Polyandry (multiple husbands). (correct)
  • free love (“complex marriage”).
  • birth control (through “male continence,” or coitus reservatus).
  • eugenic selection of parents to produce superior offspring.

Hint: See page 354.

question8
Question

All of the following were members of the Hudson River School EXCEPT

  • Gilbert Stuart.
  • Louis Daguerre.
  • Charles Willson Peale.
  • John Trumbull.
answer8
Answer

All of the following were members of the Hudson River School EXCEPT

  • Gilbert Stuart.
  • Louis Daguerre. (correct)
  • Charles Willson Peale.
  • John Trumbull.

Hint: See page 359.

question9
Question

Minstrel shows featured all of the following EXCEPT

  • Evangelist preachers.
  • white actors with blackened faces.
  • rhythmic and nostalgic “darky” tunes.
  • “Dixie.”
answer9
Answer

Minstrel shows featured all of the following EXCEPT

  • Evangelist preachers. (correct)
  • white actors with blackened faces.
  • rhythmic and nostalgic “darky” tunes.
  • “Dixie.”

Hint: See page 360.

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